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the collaborative city that's a very complex topic um
or point of view and you as you will see from a presentation
it would be less architecture and a letter sign um
we decided to do it kind of collaborative um presentation a
discussion and include you not only or main um
the main couple
um all of you to um
therefore i will talk a little bit less or what or how
um the team is the doctoral students or post doctoral students
sitting on the second roll 'em with them already um
just you as the audience should uh
um the very first um slides i would like to talk about
them where where is one of the pulley send trick
police intrigue areas and eh and work white i've i think
already existing there is right now eighty um academic discussion
uh in favour of these police intrigue areas because many hoops are um
uh put eccentric areas are more sustainable they could be developed
a more sustainable in terms of mobility in terms of
energy et cetera et cetera all these aspects so we would like to have a look at this um
very closely but before i would like to start a new some introduction on
our um of mission statement uh we believe that we have to think
yes i i i missed that actually
another the next one
ah yes thing
we have to
uh_huh okay
no no use just with don't don't need to build the just the so
we we think that we have to think the ribbon system um
cities as the largest artificial entities um
and made by man um are
i'm not only described as the most significant
human achievements capture um in many regions
around the world they are growing in terms of their attractiveness on one hand
um as living spaces but on the other hand um
it's quite problematic if you look very closely
we're increasingly developing uh is kind of danger is unhealthy
crowded aggressive regions soul uh but it's kind of discussion
what shall we do with this with the city
and therefore we have not only to think about what he or architecture or
infrastructure i think we have to look at this as in written system
yes ah so i'm dealing with the in the in
the under bubble unhealthy dangerous non inclusive aggressive the
here is we we actually should have a closer look um i know um
the city as a complex system um is
social into relations and interactions in
interval than with infrastructure with environment with the economy with people
um with politics or design or development and mobility and
so on and so on so that's the complexity
we would like to to deal with and we have the feeling
we we we we cannot longer controlled these entities just
like planning um there so i'm highly complex process is uh
taking place on the micro and macro level um that
at least we should start to understand before we who might start to control
it to understand what is going on we have to comprehend and
fox of a properly i'm describing these
dynamics and these complexities um
in order to be able to develop lasting concepts um of the
development of human living spaces and that's what we're gone
what we need be true mobility when need
human well being um instead of only going for growth
so the question is how do we do that
but uh i don't know
you prefer i cloud or ah i i prefer this i prefer the city with a lot of
question marks um just to introduce our uh
the institute and i'm i'm uh
doing this right now um the institute of city planning
is essential component of the university's joint centre
um quote are consistent dealing with a very broad sense
with space
since we are architects written design is um
spatial planner as um landscape plus but we are a very closely related to
um many other disciplines working in the uh in the university
on um metropolitan research uh starting from will believe
he social and cultural sciences have um
structural design um modelling and of course design issues too
so um as we see the urban development this
is a two trans disciplinary uh issue
just let me let me show how we we want to present this in the in a very um
easy graphic we what would like to start with the historical development but just
one slide or two slides do how this whole essentially region developed
um uh do we want like to discuss the status will
and uh well um evaluate this and then we have a couple of um
issues are represented by my teen and mates and um we
would like to talk about the the um mm
business as usual scenario would like to just um the
highlight what is going on there to deal with the
objectives and take also called collaborative city scenario
so the rule area is a special area um
yeah that's our our region we're want to deal with let me give
it give you a very short not show a introductory um
in the nineteenth century um this was a um in the beginning
of the nineteenth century this was a small cities and
really touches and agriculture and once they phone call uh
uh they start the to the the coal
mining a melted steel and this was a very
fast growing process in terms of economy
a population a while i'm at of course
um population growth where a eighteen eighteen that were in this
region the one a hundred and fifty thousand people leaving
and um in in and one hundred fifty years
later um it was five point six million
uh so um at that time this was a a kind of
high speed of innovation um a in the nineteenth century
um with a a minnow at high speed train with
no smarts uh uh phones with uh uh uh
beginning of the the steam engine uh today in china it's much faster but you could compare
the way and now they have a laser and smart phones and high speed trains and
and yet so uh you can you can uh see how this region
developed from a agricultural the region today it's a c. d.
without the name because you can you cannot find it on the on the map by name your have may be uh
uh ten big cities it's many cities many
cultures many agatha artificial industrial landscapes
uh with a artificially developed the hills and valleys the valleys by
by the the mining and collapsing rocks l.'s filing
uh up the waist and ever is uh with no useful
calmly so that's that's what what's happening there and um
in the abortion you see the growth of the uh of
population and in the lower um um the bottom
you see the faces the the phases and uh which it goes
to to anoint is this the first big big uh
a bar is is uh is the bar to to the first world war then there was the war
phase uh the third phase was after the war
and then the mining went down and uh
what a class i collapsing and this was the
uh after a nineteen nineteen you by ah
um cultural capital of euro up uh and how the the city
of isn't is european green capital et cetera et cetera so
is a a shrinking population over so you
can see the fragmentation quite well here
um this is a on the left and you can see the rhino and the rubber
on and on the right hand to the is the city of portland and it's
it's a brownfield it is as greedy ages h.'s housing it is um
on industry um it is a lot of infrastructure
oh come from from that era of that time warner out industrial and landscape
oh i don't have to use the word fragmentation but you can see here is actually no no
really a any pattern you can see here unless use this as a pattern um
no uh let me um let me to uh talk about these uh is
six issues a six topics uh i would like to highlight um
um these are participation inclusion and housing
it's it's health it's mobility
it's energy and its structural change um and i would like
for for every topic i would like to uh use three
slides um the describing the status quo um kind of
highlighting work can what will happen uh with the business as usual
and then um to try to define objectives for the collaborative c. d. s.
mario one um which means uh what could happen what should happen
in order to overcome the pow awfully all
thinking the fragmentation of all these four
uh all these six um issues uh listed on the right hand side
um first of all participation let me start with
the participation issue it's not the participation um
um in the in the the only the democratic meaning a it's also
a way to enable experts and local communities
to come together to collaborate um
the transformation of space um or a city so
um of course participation is regulated in
the in the so called powers it to the planning planning or in in germany
but um as we know participation is quite old fashioned um
it's sometimes a a good for neighbourhood but
it's it's huge for a large groups
and uh the usually everybody knows um the the attitude of the planners
we know better uh let them come and we listening but
then we turn around and uh uh do our thing
so uh i'm i'm quite mean here but i uh i try to kind of a cheesy little um
okay um the the uh the question is um
there is no collaboration um who on
the neighbourhood level it anymore i if we do the uh business as usual um
a track and this will be weakened the regional identity maybe
the the neighbourhood identity and this well in the future increase regional fragmentation
but remember the cities are joining adjoining each other they joined uh
five kilometres you on the next city so they actually belong to each other uh um
what is missing um uh and therefore we need to increase that is the horizontal
um uh ties among this uh municipalities and also
vertical ties uh uh which means we need to integrate
the in different actors the different stakeholders in in the
um development process so in order to to increase the
um the institute strength from uh the collaboration um
the statement is which spatial structure can enable and
sustain a proper exchange of ideas um
exchange knowledge among the various players of the war region
the key is is it a physical or digits is digital space or maybe a
a hybrid of the two because everybody knows the digital dictation off um
cities is going on and uh actually today we didn't talk
about that but this is very close uh uh the
knocking on the door and um the industry uh the big company is
of of it all these companies are doing it already uh
just waking uh uh when we uh already uh
next topic um the inclusive neighbourhood it's um second topic
uh the bar was of course successfully um and they built
and a series of of very nice uh projects
of the um the reusing industrial buildings in a long we ensure the valley
but this was kind of well i don't want to talk about helicopter architecture but this was nice scene
but it was there was no bottom up idea it was weak peak because we've been able
the small and the nose of the area in p. e. in job as a at that time um
and the there were the not part of the process off the written
development and regeneration so the consequences is included we did here
unemployment rate uh today in isn't twelve point two girls in collision
the fourteen point five in or else you sixteen so that that's really a lot in the middle of europe um
uh and in other parts of the job any it's maybe one point five so this is really um
not very balanced um one of the main characteristics off the fragmented society in space
into what is the the welfare stare is state which is still constraining
uh possibilities fourth so self determination so we we need to
deal with public spaces in the but without character
um we need to to um the push for
what the the micro the economic opportunities
so the or uh the the the objectives are um and
to be very short we need um the multi
level or governance process is not on
c. d. a whole uh we need um the small
scale and entrepreneurs in order to push that
region forward into eh strength of the identity of the region not only of of of one
one is city or even one socket up um and and uh there's a
lot of talking about the equator creative neighbourhood it's in the where
yeah but eh it's very the the creative people are very far so
it's it's really very difficult to push that fork so um
that's actually what we need for an inclusive city
ah on neighbourhood level but even about that
um the statement for this is um
uh for the future um eh in the was neighbourhood
scare uh we need more inclusion maybe governance process
um in order to get these depressed neighbourhood um
a into a kind of regeneration process uh
uh and carriage by uh the these michael opener ships and uh
uh using all these abilities of the population um
talking about how
usually architect and or find as a do not talk about health
uh and uh actually that i think this is a
uh the this is a big mistake the they they uh
build buildings they planned neighbour who does but uh they do not look uh ten
years uh after they built that uh how the people feel about a
happy are they getting getting a uh no wait bye bye bye cars et cetera et cetera
so um uh before we say the city makes you
sick um and um these chronic disease are
um whether actually it can be seen as a new epidemic um
there was it a of once upon a time why could say uh there was a comp corporation
but between written designed as and um public health
professionals um actually this this this is
the the the beginning of the profession of urban planner or city planners uh
uh some a hundred years ago a budget fifty years ago
it stopped so um we have to fight that um
are these chronic diseases and we're working together with the m. p. don't daniel just and this
is being proved uh quite well so um it we need to uh mm mm
we use um the health iniquity in sustainable development and especially this uh
this region uh we have a lot of areas which are really
not very much balanced uh we have to ensure safety in the city and we have as
architects designers um and urban plan as
design healthier more sustainable city
including the walk ability of the city uh in order to enable
a healthier and um and um behaviour and uh uh
therefore the the statement as we are actually in the hand of urban designers planners and
decision makers whether the work cities become source of help or help that of diseases
this is just uh uh this this statement for that part a healthy city
i've been mentioning mobility a a walk ability um
well he's part of mobility a topic um
we need to um well i don't need to talk about
whether the car dominating public space i don't want to
two of them continue with the famous not mental um the about
the car oriented city uh i think uh cut that short
um but the public spaces cars space and um as for
parking and driving but not for people so um
um first we shape the cities and that the shape bass
uh what we have shaped the city for the car
uh we as human beings have a bedtime here that the the cities um the
objectives um who i think we need to rethink um current mobility patterns
uh we don't where we can talk about uh electric cars uh autonomous cars we can
talk about bicycles but we have i think that they they has to be
a general discussion about mobility uh and the data actually this topic has been
touched before or already so i'm here are some key words um
uh promote we need to promote active mobility and now we
get the uh the book back into the house
an active mobility our life style is to sit in cherry we
sit too much uh this is very unhealthy because human beings
are made for walking not for sitting in the car um but
this has a lot of the consequences in terms of
of a better city because or better climate reducing c. o. two
emissions uh increasing economic value of houses uh reducing
noise in air pollution et cetera so
active mobility is important for um not only for uh
happiness or well being it's also good for climate for economy et cetera that's it
so the the key she sent is is only
like collaborative way um we can decide
and act on the question whether or of the cities become cities for people or
um and places for sort of for for cars and traffic
yes yes yes yes yes and um so no of the five five or six more
okay um
let me get into the
the energy i topic um
status quo um and there are lots of um um energy companies
in this where um every city had it has its own a company uh it's again
fragmented they do not work together um um so the energy infrastructure is not
working across municipal borders um there are
countless of independent projects the um
i could say well this is the only one not actually um and
there is an incremental ism without any concept or without any perspective
we need to do do you think of an electrification all
sectors um the we have to link the sectors
we need to um digital lies a a or use the potential of the digitising
the management of the energy um we need it to have a close to murder
uh attitude instead of saying whether that's because you well let's
add approach that that person all that family um um
but the question is is it private what is it like in the very and the um
do we have a a i mentioned that already do have of a bad organising or energy distribution
uh for us and making a lot of money or a bit uh do we have um uh the
the the the public um the general public i'm
doing it uh it bringing it together so
uh if there will be a public journalistic digital approach for this
probably said freak region uh we need a systemic change um
and haven't inter sectoral energy system uh and finally the structural change um
it work up to the end um uh
to we if we have a in this yeah yeah we have a wrap itself
any disadvantage um there s. it bundle of um so
um it and we need to uh um
you lose the self organisation capacity i'm alone um
and then it will really um when you have a horrible
development um because uh the existing deprived neighbourhood well
for the go down and um um the ethnic
and economic sector generation well i'm i'm
raise in these areas um therefore we say um we
need objectives um the we need to uh
the neighbourhood is in c. d.'s and reach the that part of that region which are being structured through
an accumulation of actions and decisions made on all spatial scales not only is it a scale
uh the of course this is again collaboration on the lower the scale um
um we need to reveal the relative uh endured dependency between the
factors on all scales and again this is a social economical
et cetera et cetera uh always level i was uh the issues i mentioned before
um so the question is are we going to acknowledge and
celebrate each and every uh city uh or they but
as a distinctive a function of them were um um
mm what can we do with all that to have one strong uh alliance
um the the last slide is is again a
while it that but the small about um
the all these questions i have been putting up before i would
like uh to to the um to show again um
uh uh this is uh actually the need to combine all issues and their respective
uh uh questions i don't know the issues are seen still
separated um uh from the the and from from
angles but but we know that there are lots of inter relations um
uh between the topics positive and negative feedbacks i mentioned
a couple of feedbacks like a mobility and
um health um mobility and
energy mobility and um
inclusion and housing so when all these phenomena need to be
taken into account we have to understand these into relation
uh when thinking interim systems um when we want to change something here
uh we need to have this into account uh otherwise
uh we are doing something in one corner
and all of that and the other corner is something happen i mean we do not want
like the phenomenon of the car oriented city now we have that much uh
we have our cars of the c. d. but people are getting unhappy

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Conference program

Panos MANTZIARAS, Directeur, Fondation Braillard Architectes
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:10 a.m.
Antonio HODGERS, Conseiller d’État chargé du département de l’aménagement, du logement et de l’énergie (DALE), République et canton de Genève
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:11 a.m.
Panos MANTZIARAS, Directeur, Fondation Braillard Architectes
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:24 a.m.
Philippe BONHÔTE // Ivan VUARAMBON, Architecte, professeur, Joint Master of Architecture, HES/GE-HEPIA // Architecte, chargé de missions auprès de la DDC
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:46 a.m.
Nicolas TIXIER // Jennifer BUYCK, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Architecte, maître de conférences, Institut d’urbanisme de Grenoble
8 Dec. 2016 · 10:15 a.m.
Dominique BOURG // Rémi BAUDOUI, Philosophe, professeur - Institut de géographie et durabilité, Faculté des géosciences et de l’environnement, Université de Lausanne // Sociologue, professeur - Département de science politique et relations internationales, Université de Genève
8 Dec. 2016 · 10:44 a.m.
Katharina SCHNEIDER ROSS // Marco GROSSMANN, Deputy Executive Director - Global Infrastructure Basel // Director Implementation Services - Global Infrastructure Basel
8 Dec. 2016 · 11:42 a.m.
Peter DROEGE, Architect, professor, Liechtenstein Institute for Strategic Development
8 Dec. 2016 · 12:08 p.m.
Pascal ROLLET // Robert SADLEIR, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Économiste - Westminster University
8 Dec. 2016 · 12:35 p.m.
Grégoire BIGNIER // Peggy GARCIA, Architecte-ingénieur, chercheur, Laboratoire LIAT, ENSAPM // Architecte, postgrade EPFL - Maître assistant associé, ENSAPM
8 Dec. 2016 · 2:52 p.m.
Alexander SCHMIDT, Architecte, professor - Institute of City Planning + Urban Design, University Duisburg-Essen
8 Dec. 2016 · 3:18 p.m.
Sabine BARLES // Gunther VOGT, Ingenieure, professeure - Universite Paris I, UMR Geo-Cites // Paysagiste, professeur?Institut fur Landschaftsarchitektur, ETHZ
8 Dec. 2016 · 3:49 p.m.
Frédéric BONNET, Architecte, professeur - Académie d’architecture, Mendrisio
8 Dec. 2016 · 5:10 p.m.
PAOLA VIGANÒ, Architecte-urbaniste, professeure EPFL et IUAV, directrice du laboratoire Lab-U/ EPFL, membre fondateur de l’agence Studio 16, Milan
8 Dec. 2016 · 5:43 p.m.
Pascal ROLLET // Günther VOGT, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Paysagiste, professeur Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur, ETHZ
8 Dec. 2016 · 6:13 p.m.
Reinier DE GRAAF, Architect - Office for Metropolitan Architecture, Rotterdam 8 DÉCEMBRE 2016
8 Dec. 2016 · 6:39 p.m.
Reinier DE GRAAF, Architect - Office for Metropolitan Architecture, Rotterdam 8 DÉCEMBRE 2016
8 Dec. 2016 · 7:21 p.m.

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