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we didn't usual situation i understood what
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yeah i think the good question i think and um we have the tools for this it will be an
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changing environment may change this by stable relation to change and you
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get the domino effect next possible that that's how it
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is a it is a syrian and actually actually mentally addressed in some of the systems that have been published um
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but we know about the coach um i think antibiotics are such a driver they may change this system and then you're going
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to see it into a a good situation which is different from before and then a little chains can make it flat
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and that they changed explain also this asked my develop lecture on or it was there right in the first place we
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do not know what didn't decide this is happening so little changes than may affect it if it's already changed
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so antibiotics uh maybe maybe design delivery and not the right market we'll causation maybe i need
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a new system in different ways i think that may also predisposed for this set
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alternative stable states i think that's the the explanation however we don't
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have new evidence for that yet understand what to know analysis
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to get in is real profound and deep analysis of the market your other post factors
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i needed to look at the associations there may be done also come to ideas about causality
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i think it's ah become very remote for example
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um some of of human very current fee because people are out of the meeting or
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with the kind of limited resolution of what is really going
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in inside a human human interest and particularly are ago
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can you give any kind of indicates how much you have five numbers it's uh i
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indicated to you it's about a million to pass out the full lesson numbers
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but we can see references yeah it doesn't all over course in some of the yeah if
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you can suppose we conceive our because detect that that you can say she's topical quite
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if you gossip also the commodity after the exams many come out
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so some other types of the analysis therefore i i think it's so beautiful that are needed
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you know mulder tools are developing that we can go deeper and deeper some walking microscope
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so what has been get comes out that's the idea of course it's always like that that they lie
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isn't in any damage and uh either up or whatever but still i think that's the i
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we look also on the probably on level because which proteins you can have a very excessive analysis i think about
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the lies dozens also we use that to to actually try to see what happens in a project checked
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because that's where the action is actually get and it's not so easy to simple
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kind of people time code is it to actually do that is is it
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a select group of volunteers and we used to set is uh is still my
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patients the darted defensive because you can come back after all and examples
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lever that that's not for normal people so we have to be smart enough to go to get it
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but always tell if we can't get people on the moment i i can't we get some samples from
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the the arctic somewhere now we have to be smart enough so please uh you take the tellers
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you know what what short question with regards to the
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ah factor didn't with the early without you a literary very clearly to uh the
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value of the livery versus their races as one no one really okay
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and then of course through the fee in the centre exactly what about the
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bacteria get maybe yeah or if you press a rebirth can you
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comment on the degree to which that can act as amended yeah i
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i like the question it alludes to the fact that you out
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it's not only a fickle transportation everything is everywhere however that my corpse you
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can't find different media good i i'm robert my corpse that to
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do that but you don't find in the china you don't find a coloured here are common just so much of the breast milk either
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however they have to be there but they can be fat and of course there's also
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a fickle pressed uh connections i mean everything in every pressing proper a serious
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with the beautiful work on this our our of markup you have around you so i mean you know everything is there
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and that um so it's a matter of anecdotal evidence you can look at the breast milk or depressed is there
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but the money somewhere else to some some simple rarities it's more the fact it is there and it'll come
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the microbes that you get an hour early life and also like a lot of your market which are
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and all my corpse of company from the numbers don't come from the tablecloths however in uh
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premature babies you can see signatures also opens the estimate let that signatures of the yep
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of the tablecloths an article or whatever the nurses also you can see other things
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double faults or maybe it was a it was a little bit of two final questions on it than the last
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oh oh yeah yeah
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or a new law or oh yeah good question i i like to discern
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between mother father well that's uh yeah we know a lot of markets
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but okay still that's a good question i think we could have in the
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the set of experiments on going in them in several hospitals up
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in the scandinavian countries better yeah premature babies the article rude i'm
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sort of them not very close to their their family members
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of the monitor exactly what's happening there as compared to most people's but nonetheless i talk to figure out what's happening there
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it's not so easy but don't think it important question to ask so yeah the final question uh so uh you
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reviewed which are the ones that we uh we have a program i hope your front page you know
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you know yeah i was wondering how what i know now if we so it is the problem ah before
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yes uh a little too that i don't know about a fire i would love to have it
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um like i said so in that experiment i just the the trial be doing the sample the far too
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but in most of the data sets i could get my hands on there's no samples of the father
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so so we have the uh determine someone a friend has been working on that too and the
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one two three and so all the different parts of the fact that c. and the programming there that that you can get also from the
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same chord maybe it will go but then there's not many samples available uh so we setting up trials and you're ready for you know
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so the ultimate this
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for the coffee you know you like about it is the right time when if you were to take a beach or like what
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no reasons like men with the wonderfully we can go back to the to the interim in what we are
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as good question i think we have done some work on the logo to analysis for over ten years uh
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so given the obvious think it's good to freeze the microbial ah use the latest notations i suffer with my my computer to put
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all the the by actually slicing a rubber that we'll sing um is there a possibility there i think and then maybe
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then maybe a sort of window of opportunity that we say well this is where
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the market realistically you're you're healthy you are maybe other part of your life
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keep it and use it for later that's all the challenges for the uh the l. life and
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and maybe people will come back to that in this uh presentation we talked about the elderly

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Conference program

Introduction of the Session 1 : The Gut Microbiome: Facts and Figures
Josef Penninger, Institute of Molecular Biotechnology, Vienna
23 Oct. 2014 · 9:07 a.m.
504 views
The role of commensal bacteria in the gut
Willem de Vos, Wageningen University, The Neterlands
23 Oct. 2014 · 9:31 a.m.
381 views
Q&A : The role of commensal bacteria in the gut
Willem de Vos, Wageningen University, The Neterlands
23 Oct. 2014 · 10:29 a.m.
Gut microbial richness impacts human health
Dusko Ehrlich, INRA, Jouy-en-Josas, France
23 Oct. 2014 · 11:07 a.m.
232 views
Q&A : Gut microbial richness impacts human health
Dusko Ehrlich, INRA, Jouy-en-Josas, France
23 Oct. 2014 · 11:44 a.m.
Cross-talk between the mucosal immune system and environmental factors
Hiroshi Kiyono, The University of Tokyo, Japan
23 Oct. 2014 · 11:56 a.m.
166 views
Q&A : Cross-talk between the mucosal immune system and environmental factors
Hiroshi Kiyono, The University of Tokyo, Japan
23 Oct. 2014 · 12:31 p.m.
Introduction of the Session 2 : Host - Microbiome Interaction
Susan Suter, University of Geneva, Switzerland
23 Oct. 2014 · 1:41 p.m.
Mechanisms of cross talk in the gut
Annick Mercenier, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland
23 Oct. 2014 · 1:55 p.m.
275 views
Q&A : Mechanisms of cross talk in the gut
Annick Mercenier, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland
23 Oct. 2014 · 2:34 p.m.
Relationship of diet to gut microbiota diversity, stability and health in older people
Paul O'Toole, University College Cork, Ireland
23 Oct. 2014 · 3:52 p.m.
107 views
Q&A : Relationship of diet to gut microbiota diversity, stability and health in older people
Paul O'Toole, University College Cork, Ireland
23 Oct. 2014 · 4:27 p.m.
Gut microbes and their role in malnutrition and obesity
Rob Knight, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
24 Oct. 2014 · 9:16 a.m.
731 views
Q&A : Gut microbes and their role in malnutrition and obesity
Rob Knight, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
24 Oct. 2014 · 10:01 a.m.
The gut metagenome - your other genome
Jun Wang, BGI, Shenzhen, China
24 Oct. 2014 · 10:19 a.m.
Q&A : The gut metagenome - your other genome
Jun Wang, BGI, Shenzhen, China
24 Oct. 2014 · 10:53 a.m.
Fecal transplant to mine for novel probiotics
Max Nieuwdorp, Amsterdam Medical Center, The Netherlands
24 Oct. 2014 · 11:04 a.m.
563 views
Q&A : Fecal transplant to mine for novel probiotics
Max Nieuwdorp, Amsterdam Medical Center, The Netherlands
24 Oct. 2014 · 11:25 a.m.
Introduction of the Session 4 : Nutritional Interventions
Keiko Abe, The University of Tokyo, Japan
24 Oct. 2014 · 12:46 p.m.
Interactions between gut microbiota, host genetics and diet
Liping Zhao, Jiao Tang University, Shanghai, China
24 Oct. 2014 · 12:56 p.m.
252 views
Pediatric intervention - what works and what doesn't work
Hania Szajewska, The Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
24 Oct. 2014 · 1:47 p.m.
176 views
Q&A : Pediatric intervention - what works and what doesn't work
Hania Szajewska, The Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
24 Oct. 2014 · 2:15 p.m.
Perspectives for nutrition and the gut microbiome
Nicholas Schork, J. Craig Venter Institute, La Jolla, USA
24 Oct. 2014 · 3:02 p.m.
679 views
Q&A : Perspectives for nutrition and the gut microbiome
Nicholas Schork, J. Craig Venter Institute, La Jolla, USA
24 Oct. 2014 · 3:46 p.m.