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Just look clarify bouncing which are
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that's just the way it in the right
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way. So Oh oh oh oh oh great great
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question say in the naked And also
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study and me sewing it also early what
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the looking at Roy since it's my family
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members including with very family
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members what what we see in all the
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kids contribution of the father seems
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to be a battery people's contribution
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of the mother by the time you're about
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eight five do not have sufficient days
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run younger children to get
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statistically significant differences
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between them all they got the trend of
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the perhaps the channel contribution
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morally or okay so greatly relieved
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Thank you at the back yes that will
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cost you but oh well I'm confused about
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is that that that might have teams that
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ah yeah when you transplant from lean
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to all these are used two regardless of
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why this last because yeah you
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especially at that they're all
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lifestyle habits they should they get a
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community that's going to reflect a
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piece or for me. So I think a subset of
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that all that's doing intimately or
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what and again that's a great. I see
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things going on say one of the when you
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do the transplant your transponder
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found the population that was gonna be
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in complete with respect to all the
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markets and we got one thing I cut out
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of the store "'cause" what would be
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doing in the waste an English channel I
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in really care system where when we
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sequence very deep in the environment
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say synthesiser different coverage of
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hundreds of millions of readers of the
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sixteen is jean what we're able
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stewards were able to cover half of all
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the market so that it would be seen on
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the action by large scale projects like
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I come. And what we believe is that
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there are probably many microbes and
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very low abundance like less than one
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animated maybe maybe less one on the
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bed and whether it's important the
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longer term response. So what is she
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was found a population the other issues
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that many of the transplant experiments
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K for a few weeks the this some data
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statistically is that if you keep the
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mice if you keep the mice post
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transplant a much longer like kind of
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scale of years. But base article
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calibrate that need eyes however very
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few of those experiments done because
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it's very expensive to keep them
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isolated pretty facility one one one of
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the receive those that doesn't export
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nearly as much is the behavioural
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impacts I just wanted I can affect my
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combine there's some evidence the
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market by if it's not just the amount
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with the season but also the preference
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and us to say about the data romance
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very sketchy an unpublished but given
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the microbe I'm also takes for example
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making preference flies it's very
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plausible that takes the the the the
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fix but flavour free and potentially
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potentially you die preference in terms
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of different nutrient profiles I I
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think that's gonna be fascinating
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direction of research in the feature is
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just not much published about what like
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just one by one of the best one for
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what we know about the for two drops
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avalanche about looks. I I get that's
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an excellent question say Jeremy
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Nicholson has done some really elegant
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we can system enough and sharing that
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whether or not stalks tequila that
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depends a lot on what soap introduces
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you happen whether guys I guess it but
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I think for the to the times in self
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nation pathway amount depleting the
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peak saw all the Lever this means
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interesting studies psychopaths my say
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that you can strap five people
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psychopaths my response based on the my
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by beforehand the jocks and one of the
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widely used one one of the widely used
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cutting like a sides feature bash at
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their particular strains of a get
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element see the rebels degraded and
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explain lack of affection some people
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say arms again what would strap find
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people for drug response based on the
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market by looks like an extremely
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promising activity there's very little
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published at this point because people
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and it really for the thought of the
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city of the gate and the fatality still
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a large of K what's has existed until
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very recently but it's a very exciting
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area right now I think it's a lazy
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Enrico in I so we're going to take a
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break now with light weights you will
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be back in about well when it's right I
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hope we can build finds time to get up

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Conference program

Introduction of the Session 1 : The Gut Microbiome: Facts and Figures
Josef Penninger, Institute of Molecular Biotechnology, Vienna
23 Oct. 2014 · 9:07 a.m.
504 views
The role of commensal bacteria in the gut
Willem de Vos, Wageningen University, The Neterlands
23 Oct. 2014 · 9:31 a.m.
381 views
Q&A : The role of commensal bacteria in the gut
Willem de Vos, Wageningen University, The Neterlands
23 Oct. 2014 · 10:29 a.m.
Gut microbial richness impacts human health
Dusko Ehrlich, INRA, Jouy-en-Josas, France
23 Oct. 2014 · 11:07 a.m.
232 views
Q&A : Gut microbial richness impacts human health
Dusko Ehrlich, INRA, Jouy-en-Josas, France
23 Oct. 2014 · 11:44 a.m.
Cross-talk between the mucosal immune system and environmental factors
Hiroshi Kiyono, The University of Tokyo, Japan
23 Oct. 2014 · 11:56 a.m.
166 views
Q&A : Cross-talk between the mucosal immune system and environmental factors
Hiroshi Kiyono, The University of Tokyo, Japan
23 Oct. 2014 · 12:31 p.m.
Introduction of the Session 2 : Host - Microbiome Interaction
Susan Suter, University of Geneva, Switzerland
23 Oct. 2014 · 1:41 p.m.
Mechanisms of cross talk in the gut
Annick Mercenier, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland
23 Oct. 2014 · 1:55 p.m.
275 views
Q&A : Mechanisms of cross talk in the gut
Annick Mercenier, Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland
23 Oct. 2014 · 2:34 p.m.
Relationship of diet to gut microbiota diversity, stability and health in older people
Paul O'Toole, University College Cork, Ireland
23 Oct. 2014 · 3:52 p.m.
107 views
Q&A : Relationship of diet to gut microbiota diversity, stability and health in older people
Paul O'Toole, University College Cork, Ireland
23 Oct. 2014 · 4:27 p.m.
Gut microbes and their role in malnutrition and obesity
Rob Knight, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
24 Oct. 2014 · 9:16 a.m.
731 views
Q&A : Gut microbes and their role in malnutrition and obesity
Rob Knight, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
24 Oct. 2014 · 10:01 a.m.
The gut metagenome - your other genome
Jun Wang, BGI, Shenzhen, China
24 Oct. 2014 · 10:19 a.m.
Q&A : The gut metagenome - your other genome
Jun Wang, BGI, Shenzhen, China
24 Oct. 2014 · 10:53 a.m.
Fecal transplant to mine for novel probiotics
Max Nieuwdorp, Amsterdam Medical Center, The Netherlands
24 Oct. 2014 · 11:04 a.m.
563 views
Q&A : Fecal transplant to mine for novel probiotics
Max Nieuwdorp, Amsterdam Medical Center, The Netherlands
24 Oct. 2014 · 11:25 a.m.
Introduction of the Session 4 : Nutritional Interventions
Keiko Abe, The University of Tokyo, Japan
24 Oct. 2014 · 12:46 p.m.
Interactions between gut microbiota, host genetics and diet
Liping Zhao, Jiao Tang University, Shanghai, China
24 Oct. 2014 · 12:56 p.m.
252 views
Pediatric intervention - what works and what doesn't work
Hania Szajewska, The Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
24 Oct. 2014 · 1:47 p.m.
176 views
Q&A : Pediatric intervention - what works and what doesn't work
Hania Szajewska, The Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
24 Oct. 2014 · 2:15 p.m.
Perspectives for nutrition and the gut microbiome
Nicholas Schork, J. Craig Venter Institute, La Jolla, USA
24 Oct. 2014 · 3:02 p.m.
679 views
Q&A : Perspectives for nutrition and the gut microbiome
Nicholas Schork, J. Craig Venter Institute, La Jolla, USA
24 Oct. 2014 · 3:46 p.m.