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hum hum hum
ladies and gentlemen i'm i'm having here
some sixty slides about until i don't want to scare you
ah mm hum so retreat reduced or research to twenty slides
um in order to tell you about or a complex research study within twenty minutes
i what will make it on was uh so just tell me the time
some of the team members are sitting here some stated whole this wonderful mm
some stayed at home and those uh uh what joining
me uh i'm like even i what i'm saying
i'm ready to intervene and uh correctly so
i'm i'm talking about the region
um would located in the western part of it in germany of for those work for
familiar with the area geography of europe um
and this is a perfect example to examine urban development
phases over the last one hundred fifty years
but also to rethink the current principles
strategies and climbing up patterns
of of development upheld by planning authorities and planning institutions indeed
this region is also small scale representation of the lots
could scale problems brought about by industrial development
and the industrial revolution so here are a couple of pictures
i'm saying uh oh one um this is a of
one hundred fifty years ago the bean a syrian
landscape countryside with villages and small towns connected
back country roads and crossed by a european trade
route so industrial revolution change that completely
and um later it was as you can see here
by a coal mines steel factories blast furnaces
and infrastructures like the rubber tracks freeways energy
transport lines and slack keeps um
so um this has been working for a four oh
say one hundred he is like a machine
uh with the system of collaboration today this region is fragmented
and dysfunctional um and these uh signs are visible
so we're region can be considered as in the top row of
for so few all even better has the hundred per scene
as noted there the for more collaborative the forces uh had collapsed actually
uh participation on collaboration is dead decision making process
is our centralise the and top down
so the following um concept is a story
of regenerating and repairing this super system
uh with the support of collaborative forces um in order to give you the
message um as you can imagine this is quite complex and the
um i think we think we we need to jump
zoom in and zoom out as you can see
uh in the lower align so at first i half the
giving of the big uh image of the region
uh and the brief overview about the essentials of the challenges uh
i would like to step into the local community as an
example of the local common duty is a cold for the
off as you can see in the in the uh
the map here so i want to get into the uh the because capes and the the history
on this on most on site in the community and then i will again zoom out
um eh a leading us into the fragmented social governance
and uh urban structures showing the facts and problems as
well as uh the complexity of the tasks um
i need to ms room in again and to the district in order to
look at the community of this place looking closely into the potentials
a possible re appropriation of space uh on the district level
of uh to see in a different scenario so zooming in is only out
helping me on one hand to develop concepts for the overall region
um on the other hand create less
abstract scenarios uh for a
community which stands for different communities in that region
so zooming in
so let's scale down to the community of road of explaining the cons complexity and the conflicts of the system
um since almost fifty years this community presents crises of governance uh uh
so on one hand there is a prominent conflict between the priorities
after the municipalities institutions all the regional administration and
and institutions and the needs of the community
it will be about the existing road infrastructure followed by increasing
emissions uh of c. o. two p. m. two point
five or ten as well as an o. two noise in other pollution pollutants the city wants to build
uh more and white remotes for more cars of course of the
car infrastructure has the absolute priority and the way of planning
uh hasn't changed since the last um seventy is
for the last forty years the community on the other side is fighting in
opposing the project of constructing a new highway and whitening the other um
so there are or facial meetings uh to inform not
to just uh uh let them participate energy just
inform the citizen about the plans but the decision makers to listen what citizen want this happened
um for instance an instance by adding more lanes uh uh the into
and it has led to employing a lawyer even by the
community to oppose plans but apparently even this did
not work um for the last forty years the the comedian phoned up is opposing the project and um
they want a covered highway um uh uh
of course to get the cancel the noise and to reduce the pollution but
this is being said to be expensive in other cities in germany
other countries is is happening uh quite often as i know from time burke from munich et cetera et cetera
so the conflict in front of is the story of iteration a typical situation
but very closely uh uh uh to this part um
in the where there is this plate uh
saying to a fellow citizens in this plane uh a highway has almost destroyed the scenic landscape
and the action uh a citizen action committees forgot to the to the book which is a long stretch of road have
stopped beside it please help us to sustain the nature here
and elsewhere so this is a kind of tom stone
remembering that there was a long successful fight and feels full public discussion the the discussion
but this was leading to a public uh really announcement of these highway plans
let's go get it a little bit more close um to the situation
uh i want to talk about the is because capes uh that in as a method
to uh but look at the different layer as a and in no time line
um so first of all we we want to look at the p. i. industrial area
as it looks um one a hundred and not actually actually two hundred years ago
there was a system grow slowly over the centuries
oh and with different communities and uh villages and towns and i mentioned that already um
it was even the small displays shot searches for a lot with
less than one hundred inhabitants uh this had a role um
within this large natural system of dependencies and into relations
there wasn't it to change it in exchange between little town is at
frito is ions villages uh this was the time when mine start
uh this was a time where uh oh natural collaboration uh uh
was based on physical and not physical connections between
it's economics road and what infrastructure so
this was the start of the uh industrial
revolution and um it's happened um uh
oh i'm sorry here's
after the industrial revolution um collaboration meant something else it was um
another relationship formed by the labour down in the mine
the steel industry in close vicinity and the pressure of uses units of
labour so most important connection when not the small country roads anymore
um yeah but a regional that work of huge of big
in a infrastructure uh which is a a private
and public we always prided energy pipelines gas
all steam and regional overhead power lines
the settlements for the work 'cause we're both very close to
these industrial areas uh there was a link between industry
energy in economy society was just another element of it
it was just locked into that system of the three others and i mentioned before
the priority in these industrial times uh was to connect um the relevant in
regional industries one to another but not the people after the industrial relations
these use less use this remains of the old infrastructures um
bill to at least at at last a long time have created void it's connected by unused
areas dysfunctional created left over infrastructure as you as you can see here uh
infrastructure of the mining infrastructure of of uh
uh joining industries so these are actually a brownfield areas
in the vicinity of uh our community we're looking clothes of
so this is kind of landscape of leftovers i'm just functional creating
dysfunctional conflicts uh in many parts of the region region
and um collaboration is not existing anymore in fact
it's it it's a crisis of collaboration
i like to continue with this uh the period i'm
one specific aspect needs to be it noted here
the industrial revolution has one big leaguers see which will
last for eternity because of the mining and
the local to uh the local production large parts of the rue area of the the rule region
our areas with substance caused by the mining as you can see here in
this little picture this was before the cold has mean dig out
and if you dig all the cool out the the as uh the the web these subsidies by
sometimes up to twenty meter could do this will create hills and valleys actually in new landscape
and the need of pumping the water the way because the
water and then a table is still the same
so without pumping the one fifth uh without any prompting in that region
one for out of the war region would be a huge like
that would be flattered as pull those and residential play areas
down towns round feels roads and rubber tracks would it would just be part of a big like
so currently um the way area has the biggest
um density of highways in germany so in this small area you
can see already a too big highways crossing had this community
the police intrigue region has four million people with
fifty different cities so actually the way area is
a european metropolitan city without a name because
it's everything very close um the souls will the governance of the rubber fragmentation can be
experience throughout the region in all fields with all consequences and at different places
and here you get an overview um of the
uh consequences and how the citizens experience it
um hum these of the threats so that it is a lot of unemployment better benefit
there is a premature death because of respiratory diseases
because of pollution because of noise and uh
these slides uh i mention the very first beginning uh will prove
that there uh there is really the life except expectancy alone
this stretch uh of the road in the middle of the worker who area is is less
there is a lot of air pollution by you know to uh uh and uh mm
the ethnicity is a around essen are frightened by
uh the mobility stop uh uh and
the this on the mobility is uh actually frightened for the inhabitants and all the workers
and finally the whole area uh has a very bad
shape from renewable sources uh the where a uh
there's still cool and all instead of renewable energies as you can see you by the numbers
five minutes well we will um
i skip that it so the fragmentation of this area
is is is now being seen here um
is this is we present in the representative as i mentioned
and let me just go into the collaboration concept um
the creation i just quoted the creation of the industrial revolution was
a remarkable about of imagination in that area what comes next
needs to be even so more so so we we
need a vision for developing this area um
and a one person of our community says we need a vision
we need an idea we need a tentative instead of just
repairing it by piecemeal uh um and little sector all the steps
we need we shouldn't vision for the next uh for the future for the next
fifty is and the local potentials from um from uh our point of view
it is instead of looking at the small changes we need to make a uh get into big ideas
the what area and the reason is too big to change and to to uh
to modify it as a as a whole um the big infrastructure of the um
industries asian is almost untouchable need unconventional
and disruptive approaches so instead of
having a top down we choose a bottom up approach with the friend off
um community we have a couple of problems we have leftovers infrastructure we have pulled the
areas which could be flooded immediately it to solve all problems actually um we um
and we have the uh uh a highway a forty you you can see here
with the red uh a line and we have a lively active community
and the trends which show for the uh future development uh where it is
possible so we take the problems as potentials and shots chances um
we have a community based organisations first of all the
cool the coal mines could be used as
pumped storage hydropower stations as you can see you on the upper right hand side um
where commands down in the mine hold water um a them
after a generating power with the turbines the water
from the upper reservoir running down through
the turbines in their mind this is completed complimentary to the foot of what hike
in this the the area generated a generating electricity and uh the a
buyer most power a plant altogether at creating a local energy cluster
so local lakes whether the community these little relates to uh create more storage
for the first for the pop storage power plants but also
useful for the local recreation and environmental quality in these
enables the energy class or as a system is creating a locally
run company making money to be invested into the upgrade off week
or a community so this was a completely turned around
uh for uh a friend of in terms of economic economy ecology sustainability and socially
um this will be the framework for scenarios um uh on
the economy the economy by the education and the investment
yeah in into the neighbourhood issues so all uh measures and actions will be uh organised
along with criteria minimising the impact on climate change uh reducing c. o. two emissions
uh urban health reducing uh uh find particle matter and i
know too and of course working with the local community
at first sight it might look like it's more radical community actually like gastric suitable x.
uh against the big decision makers but today we need again mention that a
comprehensive integrated approach which we with regard to the or the system
we need a a change going i had it will need to change
agents here is it a community and not a single person
starting with new attitudes and starting with a new and when it's
with regard to the red and a good and highway
of course in twenty fifty there will be needed regional mobility patterns completely
it being changed there will be intermodal mobility with uh uh which
is is a dominated by a new system of short middle
and long rage a public transport to be completed by active mobility walking and biking as
well as autonomous cars and taxis so the a forty will be is silent um
wrote a with less cars sure cars small the passes
let's have the thread less annoying and more integrated but this could be a um in a a
i it by another scenario is is starting from the previous slide um so we
might have a a a a a tentative uh as a linear park
um the if what you part maybe maybe with a bass
lane for the basses as commuter lines between cities
uh for bicyclist electric bicycles and of course more recreation
and maybe news spine for help along this seventy kilometre
stretch all we could have a a um
it can now transforming the big infrastructure of the seventy kilometres along highway step
by step into what away kind of water transportation uh but also
for sports and for a help so we are hoping uh to have
a new played i mentioned this before as it comes down
a new plate could be installed in a couple of decades saying what is a written here
and uh but facing this um let me summarise the main points of the key points
so first of all we say as a result of the dust with as region today we can see
the das function let the the big infrastructure the widespread
fragmentation specially spatially and socially we can see
let 'em the collaboration as a principle of working acting and deciding
over top down is um is dominating the bottom up
the second step against this background of climate change climate adaptation the
knowledge of the sustainable development goals and you are agenda uh
we need to act carefully developing existing cities uh townsend
region we have to reduce ear to when
all these pollutants improving problem how of adapting to climate change and keeping up well being
and identity and raising the quality of life instead
of following the big infrastructure systems and trying
to work out to change the little pieces and still having the big infrastructure we
prefer to place the decision making process uh a process on a coordinated small scale system
on neighbourhood level um foster collaboration have put
forward a active mobility short range mobility

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Conference program

Présentation de la journée de séminaire
Panos MANTZIARAS, Directeur de la Fondation Braillard Architectes
30 nov. 2017 · 9:09 matin
Allocution
Sylvain Ferreti, Directeur des services d’urbanisme du Canton de Genève
30 nov. 2017 · 9:14 matin
Densuisse - recherche prospective sur la densification de l’espace urbain suisse
Anne Veuthey, Géographe, fondation Braillard architectes
30 nov. 2017 · 9:28 matin
Densuisse Part 2 - Urban forms, typologies and ways of life
Laurence Beuchat, Architecte, fondation Braillard architectes
30 nov. 2017 · 9:44 matin
Densuisse Part 4 - Metropolitan countryside
Milica Topalovic, Architecte, professeur assistant
30 nov. 2017 · 10:25 matin
Densuisse Part 5 - Cores & edges (2016) - Levels, landscape and infrastructures (2017)
Frédéric Bonnet, Architecte, professeur - académie d’architecture, Mendrisio
30 nov. 2017 · 10:44 matin
Réponses / analyses du projet Densuisse
Dominique Bourg & Günther Vogt, Resp: Philosophe, professeur - institut de géographie et durabilité, Faculté des géosciences et de l’environnement, Unil - Paysagiste, professeur Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur, EPFZ
30 nov. 2017 · 11:04 matin
Projet Atlas - Atlas de développement durable pour l’espace alpin
Peter Droege, Architect, professor, Liechtenstein institute for strategic development
30 nov. 2017 · 11:53 matin
The «healthy city» as an unrealised potential theory and didactics of concrete utopia design
Stéphane Sadoux, Directeur laboratoire cultures constructives, Grenoble school of architecture, université Grenoble Alpes
30 nov. 2017 · 12:20 après-midi
Réponses / analyses du projet Atlas
Robert Sadleir & Günther Vogt
30 nov. 2017 · 12:10 après-midi
Réponses / analyses du projet «healthy city»
Rémi Baudouï & Robert Sadleir
30 nov. 2017 · 12:53 après-midi
Atlas architectural d’économies circulaires
Marion Gardier & Coralie Coutellec
30 nov. 2017 · 2:50 après-midi
Réponses / analyses du projet Atlas architectural d’économies circulaires
Sabine Barles & Rémi Baudouï
30 nov. 2017 · 3:12 après-midi
Scenarios for a collaborative city - sustainable utopia of the polycentric ruhr
Alexander Schmidt, Architecte, professor - institute of city planning + urban design, University Duisburg-Essen
30 nov. 2017 · 3:21 après-midi
Réponses / analyses du projet sustainable utopia of the polycentric ruhr
Pascal Rollet & Günther Vogt
30 nov. 2017 · 3:46 après-midi
Composite metabolic landscapes: The case of the greater Luxembourg region
Nikos Katsikis, Architecture postdoctoral researcher, University of Luxembourg
30 nov. 2017 · 3:59 après-midi
Réponses / analyses du projet greater Luxembourg region
Sabine Barles & Robert Sadleir
30 nov. 2017 · 4:20 après-midi
Abris d’urgence à Genève
Philippe Bonhôte, Nadia Carlevaro & Tedros Yosef
30 nov. 2017 · 4:46 après-midi
Réponses / analyses du projet Abris d’urgence à Genève
Dominique Bourg & Pascal Rollet
30 nov. 2017 · 5:09 après-midi
Jaipur 2035: la place de l’eau dans la patrimonialisation urbaine
Rémi Papillault & Savitri Jalais
30 nov. 2017 · 5:22 après-midi
Réponses / analyses du projet Jaipur 2035
Pascal Rollet, Sabine Barles
30 nov. 2017 · 5:45 après-midi
Résumé et conclusion
Bernard Declève & Panos Mantziaras
30 nov. 2017 · 5:57 après-midi