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i'm i'm gonna stop someone talk about somalia and just to kind of pick up on
um people mention somalia mentioned in the keynote so uh this morning as a place of innovation
and uh it's very dynamic places very interesting very fascinating place
um and it's been a very important environment for the development of cash programming
but it's also important to mention uh as has been mentioned that in two thousand eleven the was a fan in a
quarter of a million people died and we failed as a humanitarian community in that environment is quite interesting to contrast
the the position of somalia as a place of innovation but also the
place it's extremely difficult to work and something to develop that idea
um so if you would only context 'cause i think not all of you will be
familiar with the somali are um and the state of smaller collapse demurely nineteen ninety
and since then there's existed a very variable political and security
context somaliland for example is a self declared independent public
internationally monitored democratic elections on is largely peaceful involvement
um and south central somalia in in great
contrast is highly contested but internationally recognised
uh that controls the government control very little territory and there's ongoing localised conflict
and the widespread a presence of islam must good option file and
in between those two contrasting examples are very many different
um localised political in components of context in the country
uh and the south uh some some obviously has be no contains the
most vulnerable population and considerable tensions between
humanitarian and counter terrorism imperatives
so cross this um wide and varied environment
cash programming has developed and takes place
i'm sorry can also be described as a transnational state where remittances
are a major source of income forty percent of people
um receive remittances at some point in the us some monthly someone an occasional basis
and one in an estimated one in six of the population liverpool
it's also very trade based economy actually so the market works in somalia
and that's very important obviously in the context of class based programming
and the requirements of remittances in try to driven the
development of telecommunications and money transfer or infrastructure
um so you have a lot of different types of organisations
how efficient and reliable money transfer organisations that operate domestically
an internationally and different uh mechanisms with different platforms to deliver in cash
um as well as the political volatility in the conflict the climate is how evil the
tile with regular so the rainfall for years we had a major rainfall failure
major draft in two thousand and eleven that contributed to the famine at
that time and we've got one at the moment it's um
and another very important point is the
long established ultimately entrenched political economy
abated in somalia maybe something that we haven't spoken about very much
i'm a it has been um the norm if you want in the country since the late
nineteen seventy since this money ethiopia wall and a lot of interesting and complex dynamics of
developed in that time but have incorporated international actors the un an
international n. g. o.s as well as local actors the government
local n. g. o.s into processes of corruption and don't
version of i. so that's something that is really
problematic and something that maybe will come up in in in some of the other talks
um so the humanitarian operating environment in this context is
characterised by remote management organisations operate out of
no right to be and they operate out to the highly been could bases in somalia
and this is again a major problem because there was a big disconnect at the
moment to big distance between the headquarters of organisations and a field operations
and then on the standing or common understanding of the context on the ground and as i said to deeply
the list to size context where aid organisations have been incorporated couple
to willingly or unwillingly into a political comic economy of a
oh i'm too so that's a little bit of a background on the context if you issues around the current crisis so we had a we
had a major famine the largest famine in the twenty first century in two thousand in the happen and early this year we had
warnings again of the famine of an impending famine that hasn't broken after a large scale
yes but we certainly know that my nutrition light right so a highly elevated
cholera outbreak something taking place and it's been massive a
population displacement majored in several hundreds of thousands
so in in this environment cash programming is in somalia is completely normal
it's the default position basically people know how to do catch programming
the bigger issues i think at the moment concern physical and social access
to different populations and associated risks of corruption and by the vision
so by physical access i'm referring to the fact that many of the most affected
populations are living in areas on the the influence or control the bosch about
and these are with the same populations that were most affected in two thousand an overlap and
the same air is the same people are the ones that are most affected currently
and ideally you would want to send resources into those areas to
support populations to enable them what to try to restrict the
movement to limit the need to move to other areas but
there was the risk of legal in reputation all damage
from uh resources going into the wrong hands uh craig's very risk averse and farm
there are innovative ways of accessing areas under option about control but that's difficult to do what's going on
it requires a high tolerance of words so that's a little bit about the visit a physical access
in terms of social access then um a lot of people are moving out of these
a us about control there is again as i did in two thousand and eleven
to we get get to kenya and two other towns and cities in somalia
and then you have a problem where the identities of the people the or moving
the clans if you want to the people that uh maybe not different
from uh the clans and the social identities all um the areas that they're moving to
and therefore you start to get into very difficult problem with gate keepers
gate keepers working for the u. n. and for international n. g.
o.s as well as gatekeepers operating outside of the humanitarian sector
and the populations of the most vulnerable to family in all typically marginalised populace
and i'm not talking about small minority populations i'm talking about you know up to
half of the population certain somalia can be considered a of marginalised identities
so um so i think those are two very big problems over the kind of recognise that
the moments people dealing with the macho attempting to deal with these issues at the moment
but we've been working in see how if it twenty five thirty years and the fact that they are not part all all haven't been
very much part of thinking and planning in that time
and we're still struggling to work out these dynamics
i think is very problematic and says something about institutional mare memory within the humanitarian sector
so to conclude in to try to keep my presentations a short and also to relate it to some of
the threads that i think of incoming authority uh three final points actually different from my initial conclusion
one is just to mention new technologies we've heard so on several
occasions the use of biometric systems in relation to cash
a biometric systems may be useful in would uh reducing the risk of individual corruption
but they tell you very little about when or if whole communities of being excluded from access
to i. so there's a very big difference or or different applications of biometric systems
also in the last session we had this expression of proximity to population
and i think that's a really interesting and important um expression
and in the context in somalia which is very complicated right to the to size and where
we're working on a remote management basis we really have to question how much organisations
or close to populations in terms of their relationships in terms of
the uh the communication and the rap or in the trust
but exists between organisations international local local populations i think
they're big question marks around those types of relationships
and finally uh in terms of the political context we put mention
i'm a little bit about the matter in principle the principle of do no harm and i think that's one of the
interesting in on the run ally used um perspective at the moment is that there is not enough
analysis of the the local context in the way that
organisations or incorporated into the local political economy

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Conference program

Nigel Timmins, Humanitarian Director, Oxfam International and Chair of CaLP Board
28 June 2017 · 9:09 a.m.
Formal Welcome
Manuel Bessler, Assistant Director General and Head of Humanitarian Aid Department, SDC
28 June 2017 · 9:48 a.m.
Looking to the future : Panel introduction
Christina Bennett, Head of the Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI
28 June 2017 · 9:56 a.m.
Looking to the future: Social Cash Transfer in Response to Ebola in Liberia
Gabriel Fernandez, National Social Protection Coordinator, Liberian Government
28 June 2017 · 9:56 a.m.
Looking to the future : MasterCard perspective
Ian Taylor, Vice President, Business Development, Government & Public Sector, MasterCard
28 June 2017 · 10:12 a.m.
Looking to the future : International Relations perspective
Jennifer Welsh, Professor and Chair in International Relations, European University Institute and Senior Research Fellow, Somerville College, University of Oxford
28 June 2017 · 10:30 a.m.
Q&A - Looking to the future
28 June 2017 · 10:37 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Panel introduction
Ben Parker, Senior Editor, IRIN
28 June 2017 · 11:08 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Sri Lanka experience
Sithamparapillai Amalanathan, Secretary, Ministry of Disaster Management, Sri Lanka
28 June 2017 · 11:10 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Turkish experience
Orhan Hac?mehmet and Jonathan Campbell, Resp: Coordinator Of Kizilaykart Cash Based Assistance Programmes, Turkish Red Crescent - Deputy Country Director, WFP, Turkey
28 June 2017 · 11:21 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Zimbabwe experience
Abel. S. Whande, Team Leader, Cash Transfer Program, Care International in Zimbabwe
28 June 2017 · 11:36 a.m.
Operational Modalities : UNHCR experience
Waheed Lor-Mehdiabadi, Chief of Cash-Based Interventions, UNHCR
28 June 2017 · 11:45 a.m.
Q&A - Operational Modalities
28 June 2017 · 12:01 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : Panel introduction
Christina Bennett, Head of the Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI
28 June 2017 · 1:32 p.m.
Scaling up Cash in East Africa: Nisar Majid
Nisar Majid, Independent Researcher, Consultant and Visiting Fellow, Feinstein International Centre, Tufts University
28 June 2017 · 1:32 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : ADESO perspective
Deqa Saleh, Cash and Social Protection Advisor, ADESO
28 June 2017 · 1:46 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : WFP perspective
Ernesto Gonzalez, Regional Advisor for cash-based programmes, WFP Bureau for Central and Eastern Africa
28 June 2017 · 1:52 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : Relief International perspective
Alex Gray, Global Humanitarian Director for Relief International
28 June 2017 · 1:58 p.m.
Cash Barometer and community perspectives of CTP in Afghanistan
Elias Sagmiester, Programme Manager, Ground Truth Solutions
28 June 2017 · 2:35 p.m.
First long-term trial of a Universal Basic Income, Kenya
Joanna Macrae, Director, European Partnerships, GiveDirectly
28 June 2017 · 2:44 p.m.
Changing from a pipeline to a platform
Paula Gil Baizan, Global Humanitarian Director Cash-Based Programming, World Vision International
28 June 2017 · 2:51 p.m.
Grand Bargain and GHD cash work streams
Emily Henderson, Humanitarian Adviser, DFID
28 June 2017 · 3:02 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Panel introduction
Thabani Maphosa, Vice President for Food Assistance, World Vision International, World Vision US
28 June 2017 · 3:39 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : ECHO vision
Androulla Kaminara, Director, DG ECHO
28 June 2017 · 3:42 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Office of Policy and Resources Planning's vision
Paula Reed Lynch, Director, Office of Policy and Resources Planning, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
28 June 2017 · 3:49 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Norway vision
Ingunn Vatne, Minister Counsellor and Head of the Humanitarian team, Permanent Mission of Norway in Geneva
28 June 2017 · 3:58 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : DFID vision
Patrick Saez, Senior Adviser, Humanitarian Policy and Partnerships, DFID, UK
28 June 2017 · 4:08 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Centre for Global Development vision
Jeremy Konyndyk, Senior Policy Fellow, Centre for Global Development
28 June 2017 · 4:22 p.m.
Q&A - Donor Perspectives
28 June 2017 · 4:39 p.m.
Closing Remarks
Alex Jacobs, Director, CaLP
28 June 2017 · 5:27 p.m.

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