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uh i think is there something can they see also to sponsor travel and live may uh as
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i said uh um and founder of the sierra but if it is not the topic today
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i'm pleased to be member of that you are just for for big that recommendations uh which is managed by too
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much you rest i can load the sec low this a which is my mentor since many years um
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just a few disclosure just usually use that or raise yields that i'm
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presenting to you today uh i are coming from a study that
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has been funded by d. b. m. s. pfizer and arrange have care
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which has got to machine learning and artificial intelligence a team
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um if you want to know murray are of the free articles uh i
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don't speak about the posters the first poster i've been pretty shot easier
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to do than seventeen about this first reviewed and that the article i was a free one which shows that if you want to know more
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the objective of the study uh that we call act
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connect last two s. says is there is
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i would say link uh i wish an association between the patient reported flair
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and what we hope say ever we've in actually teach rack your
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for patient with the air re annex a us or that rate is
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the major that was quite simple we take a very simple activity tracker or
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a french one for sure you can condone others that i why did
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we choose this one is reverse think is because we have got some
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air efficient wishes advise that does not need to be taken off
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because we we know that we we could have some and issue or an difficulties so we decided to take a
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kind of watch which has got one ear battery autonomy so like that we were sure that assumes a
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passion has got the what she has no reason to take it off every night h. two are learned to
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charge to load the battery so that one that was the first think um it's also every week
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we ask for a question to the patients about all was o. d. experience some for a year
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so on one side we have got a activity measure of by our spot watch another
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side we have got some patient reported would come up on a weekly basis
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so i give use our uh exactly what i explain uh the way we asked says the fray
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r. y. as one single question has a disease
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infrared during the last past week no
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yes want to free a shot for a year or more than free day uh and then we
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had allies okay that the frequency and it's impossible a link uh with a different time parameter
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just to give you an overview of the populations as you can see is quite interesting if you look at the desk and shade
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herbicides value you see that these patients are quite low disease activities
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are not supposed to have got for her i would say
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and a lot of them out and uh be allergic so some quite
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well control that patients are zero one hundred um uh seventy
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patient has been recluse in paris hospital in various uh our era
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run metallurgical um considerations i'm a four five different considerations
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the first things we re porch it was the first uh article
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is yes it is possible meanings a patient accepts to to
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to we are a tractor for at least for enough because it was not so easy because we have got some
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uh first ritual from other studio reporting difficulties
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a tune bought the patients and if you could do to make them accept is that they are
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mortgage or like something that has been given by the doctor so we have more than eighty eight
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percent of adherents meetings that the number of day where uh you have got to watch
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nobody is the one that's supposed to tech of the watch but we
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face also something apps is to watch need should be um
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we need to upload the data from the watch so they need to learn h. in applications
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on their mobile phone and some forget so we lost some data for this reason so
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rafferty twelve percent of the day are missing eyes are because they take of the watch and forget to take it back
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and i don't know after i don't know are um an activity where they don't want to have a watch
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what ah or maybe because there is a um data on
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transmission that you should the first thinks it is
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more uh i was a click or a report a is is that's the reason for their indeed when
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you have four as the patience on what i don't
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seventy patients seventy four patients report at least once
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for a up during the last free mouth again this patient reported flare and what is interesting is
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we ask these questions did you experience for their uh every weeks
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twenty eight percent of the weekly reports abroad the patients work
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productively answer about yes i've got afraid remember we
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have got some patients which have years of experience of the disease so we should pause in mail
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in the body what is afraid so i give you um another a graphic
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is to show that what was interesting it was not long for
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their does not the long waves that are there are physician now it's
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also some very short free of one day two days free days
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and the question was okay the patients reported but okay yep but is it real in the receipts with the film
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and we look at also the physical activity as we say not so
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a very interesting reserved except that they don't not walk enough
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we know that uh even considering that this patient was in paris and we
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know that the patient we're leaving the big c. t. r. walking more
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than the patient leaving in your rounds out so even for this patient should are living in central paris were surprised at the our little
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below but the number of step it a wise quite the same between air and s. paper
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we try to look at the direct sure victoria was a physical activity me was the one who are working
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little uh what don't walk a lot better day was one work
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walking i if we finally to link between to be a
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lie and we can expect uh between uh and also little
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link with your logic okay we don't know why i'm
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the first results we have got is we use some classical wow
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was same statistical model what are we gonna make said model
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and we found a link which are significant uh for
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the lounge a flyer uh not the short flare
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the only issue is that the hours is a clean cut difference meanings and the difference in term
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of numbers that the other day is not so high some meaning yes we have got to sing is
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each day can but is it easy to don't you fine we live um walking so honestly
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it was not very good result ah even if we conclude
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in the paper and which is mentioned below is that
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there really is a decreasing physical activity for the patients which
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report to have got to flare so we say
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for air have got a pragmatic all unpacked meeting
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it's not just or a feeling unfair reason impact and also
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is there a second thanks a is is that's the link yeah existed
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but it's not so easy how to manage much we rapidly oh
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discover where not very happy with the result because we walk at
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the day level why do we walk at the day level
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why do we look at the number of that great big we'll get an idea
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friend that patient onto that two hundred patients and knighted eight uh our first idea was
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to give the reviewed community i mean you choose a statistician but when he
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or um when we arrive with forty median point to manage you say
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stop getting pretty is a aggregated data at the day little
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because it was not easy to manage an heiress as to what you want so that
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was the first limitation on those that probably has the root cause of the ship
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but it was before what we did a few months after this study started into doesn't sixteen
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the first reason has been printed on seventeen the real interesting result uh i've
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been fridges and seventeen inches and eighteen is you use machine learning
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meeting we use varies something very different which is i don't want to go to
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a a two deep is what we call beige and classifications is something
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even after the rain forest i think is that what you have to know as machine learning is not
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magic you need to prepare the data and that's what can change again meeting we
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prepare the data and what we'll do it also is we normalised to bootstrap
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uh each patient's to incest meeting each patient was is go just on their meaning we know
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uh so we we allies we get to the machine uh not of
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numbers that the difference between uh what is the average tape yeah
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dave for these patients so i think that's one of the things that
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change a game and also we proceed smashing we've also data
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at a a stepper mean you'd no longer agree geisha nerve that that's tape
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today so we give the full detail or says the route data
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that's one thing which interesting was mentioning is you feed the machine was the maximum
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of that we we use the software that is called curiosities coming from a
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ranch uh orange for a reason as to why uh i made a lot
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of research ten years ago and machine learning and artificial intelligence uh and
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taking i don't know why because uh ranges managing some data that i'm i'm on
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the network and they want to predict a lot of things about all
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to move to the data and things like that so that got a lot of our great and that got us after that is quite interesting
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what we did is because we don't have a lot so unimportant quantity of data what we made is we
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met some ira rearrangement of the data by on ten uh and set which has a sensitivity and
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specificity and also we test what is happening when we look at the menu twenty would look at that
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they are when we look at the pier for our when you look at the pay update
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just a small things according to the vision and according to my
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friend or it was absolutely not necessarily to look at the
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data to mini prevent a physician save the number of tape today's
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enough the things are not happening at the power that
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and i let you discovers a result ah the arts is a machine learning productions
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so you see that for example or uh for the patients who say they have got flare on eight hundred
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on a cheap uh k.s the nation has been agree
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agree with the patients so roughly it's ninety six
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sensitivity in pairs and sensitivity and ninety seven space if e.
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c. t. so it's quite amazing uh numbers we
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discover is that if we feed the mission with their
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day it decreased to fifty so there um
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i would say that the bracket is around the house which remember two hours
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so as soon as you are higher than two hours the machine is load is losing is
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magic and features so i'll then we try to intensify that's so that's i give
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you the different uh sensitivity s. b. c. v. c. d. also the cabin for the
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one where front of kappa and that uh we try to understand the gnashing because
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we have got physician in the team and is it okay but ah doesn't mention take these decisions and
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that's where we'll uh some of them i would try to re presents okay uh trends of uh
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move nancy between the fray and no fair week honestly nothing interesting to
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but this and there is one reports that was interesting case
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we had the machine to because cats is very good indeed you give
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some parameter to the software and combine the parameter like resuming to
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and they're events um and you play with a one by another i don't if i
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buy a new set of the variable and we ask you have shown me
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what tells a parameter me to what are the time of the week is that are some
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trigger to take a decisions so more is the blue t. is the more important duties
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i want to begin to say you have an id want to uh uh if you have
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if you think about your patience what could be user very blue moment on this graph
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uh_huh
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your vision with it
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the moments where you can come up with a disease moment where if you have got a flare
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you can change the way you activity outperforming i explain monday morning it was not significant
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because as i said we have got some patients who happened to be allergic which are quite quite control so they walk
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c. brings their children to school so more the morning the cops are
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facing the relies so they do what they have to do
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that is you have got a flare saturday afternoon is a moments
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where the ways they walk it's the way the move
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is changing that the same for ways they remember every to a wednesday afternoon
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that also moments that the matching you don't to fight if you have got a
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free every switch that will be the moments where you will do less
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then another wins they have to know where we have no flare so
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it was very interesting that at the end smashing sound what's
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oh to say you don't you find the patient perspective on the ways they leave with these erin
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de after two years where is a learned to live with the disease and don't stop
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walking because i've got a little friars know all to cope with
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and that was one of air interesting uh ethics
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so our course as a corporation up with this study and
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his ran allies demonstrates that imagine learning can be use
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on re metallurgy on physical activity data and we found
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that patient reported for again inspiration reported flay
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are extremely envious wait notices a six percent sensitivity
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and soon as seven to ninety seventh
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sorry don't match the ninety seven beers sensitivity a strong willing to physical
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activity and very some pattern that out a patient's a lot also
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on the video levels or could be identified to predict at for a
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one thinks about productions the machine has been about to classify
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meaning the machine looks all did you move these last week and tell you have you been in
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free at all not the machine is to not able to predict that and those are
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very interesting question there is a limitation for sure for this study is
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when the patient is quite big for a connected device in mentioning that is too small we have come some iron missions
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we know that varies a little risk off over featuring but we think we manage it
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because we have got a very good guy who know many mad that maybe there
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is a population section meanings one we have gotten actually which track uh so and um
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also we where we accept to have an activity take care but we wear
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owner of a knife on or something does as as that's been very the c. s. p. uh questions and also sure is
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a question of what is a fair the it's not for its question for physician uh and that's the question was
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what do we do with that which didn't not find um the answer to this question is
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what do we know that these patients is probably at the flyer
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last week and the week before what should we do
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it sounds as esther gee that would be required to to to
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be sure is it good to pass to these patients come
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back or should we do some i don't know some we should increase the court you could uh either for week
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so that's another things to know a patient is suffering from one thinks it's another story to
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know what should we do what is good at jerry oh sure things uh um again
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i would say is the most important thing is the reserves
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sean made to collaborations me in between physicians between
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engineer between mathematics and that's one very be take away
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from from his experience than other things is
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we have to be ready to leave with some models that we are not
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able to understand it's impossible to understand that you would you could only
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have some tap on sensitivity test but you have to forget about being able to understand
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exactly all the machine take the decision because the machine browse probably one thousand parameter
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of where when we make a recommendation and uh i don't know it's ten parameters and
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very also come question about uh data very last conclusions as as i said
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it was very interesting is that the study comes fear that there is an object to the consequence
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of patient reported fair and machine learning can be able to to detect this fear and
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we have also is interesting is you can see in the different lubrication a is we first
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um we bought that there is a link but which is not clinically for is not a big difference
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but then when you know like that that uh with different choose you you change again and you begin to to see the things
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very differently and that's i think so but again the question which
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is to painting is okay what should we do now
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with this kind of come and how to use it in a daily life also do we
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the product is all to use it and buttons or can you got right or is that another question thank you read engine
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thank you very much for your it's wonderful torque um we have time for one quick question for every servers so
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someone one question that i didn't include him so
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uh_huh
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topic of up a religion and that's the cajun you do any work for uh for casting for years and uh
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because they might they might be relevant for a mighty fine and nasty
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and are taking some decisions issue rovers no i'm getting um
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there is a project right nah inference where we try to use uh these principle
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or ah m. because what we so is that the machine is headboard chew
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feel how to say all the patient is fitting and we have got such
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many patients say one to start logic the life is changing rapidly
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and we will see the project that will start is the very first week
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of the patients after a pure logic initiations measure energy which tracker is
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a mock your of the six morph response to be logic
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and that's a very promising because like that will be able to predict and so to expose
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a to reduce exposition of the thirty patients roughly which the not uh uh projects
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an answer to be logic and also a leverage a window of opportunity that is quite
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common in this disease where if we know that to be allergic is not producing
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good research we could maybe think change more rapidly that them is also
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we will be there will be but there is a lot of technical challenge because all
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these data at system sorry need a lot of data and the question is
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the sample size meeting how many patients i would maybe needs something like four hundred
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or five hundred patients to train the machine and that's it's them men challenge
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i think you're right thank you so pets time to move on and with the next turk yes
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i'm pleased to welcome uh my ugly and from framework germany she's a an expert in a
00:20:44
computer science advisory or to my sister and i will go deeper in beep learning and uh with

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