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O.k. Goodmorning everybody.
Welcome to this amazing presentation of the department of Psychology. Really great to have you all here.
I hope you can hear me in the back. Yes?Great. My name is Brenda Jansen. I'm the associate
professor at the Department of Psychology.
I work in different mental psychologies and today I have the honour to tell you a
little bit about our study program and I wanted to start with this cartoon and
I'm not sure if we've all had time to look at it yet. Let's take a minute to do that.
A cartoon by Charlie Brown
I hope you've all read it. There are actually three reasons why we want to start with this
cartoon and one reason is it's in English, well of course it's in English! Well..
there's something special and that is that next year our bachelor will be in English
So the lectures will be in English and the literature will be in English.
and the tutorials will be in English, although there also will be
Dutch tutorials for students who find it more comfortable to discuss and talk in Dutch.
But yeah all the English-speaking students can follow the
Bachelor programme of Psychology as well. So I want to tell you a little bit about the
psychology programme. And I will do so as follows. I'll tell you about our study programme, tell you a
little bit about psychology what is it how do we study this and I would also
tell you about career opportunities and selection then my part ends and I will
give the floor to Steven Jongjans who is a former student and he'll tell you
about his experiences at our department. So what is psychology? Do you have an
- Study of behavior.
Very good, very good. My vision has also study of
behavior but also it's a science of behavior and mental processes. So what do I mean
by science? First of all science is about seeking
answers to Why-questions, so we didn't only want to know how people think but
we also want to understand it. We want to understand that behavior and mental
processes so why do they behave in the way they do?
I say that psychology is a science, but what is scientific knowledge? We seek knowledge
as study of observable phenomena; the things we can see, observe.
For example 10 years ago the Catholic Church made important decisions. Until then was
said that unbaptized premature babies would go in limbo, but 10 years ago they said
that the babies would go to heaven this is the kind of knowledge we cannot
study in science. We cannot make this visible. Invisible is something we cannot
study we cannot observe the souls. So can't we study any claims
about the invisible? Well if we make the invisible visible we we can. And I'd like to give you
an example of that an example of therapeutic touch. This example of
therapeutic touch is also a very good example of the openness of science
science can be verified by anyone and that's very important for accuracy of science.
Therapeutic touch; well this is a picture of the therapy it's a nursing
intervention. So it's done by a therapist to make a
patient feel more comfortable. And it's done my only hands above the body of the patient.
The body emanates the human energy field and this energy field can be unbalanced and
the therapists job is to balance the energy fields so that patient feels better.
When we look at the picture we see that
the therapist look quite healthy and the patient looks quite healthy and they are satisfied.
Well patients and therapist are satisfied so maybe this is
an effective therapy you also see the hands are above the body
So the touch in the definition is maybe a little bit misleading. The patients aren't actually touched.
Now, a few years ago there was a young girl Emily Rosa. She was
only nine years old and she had to do a science project for her science fair and
she was interested in this type of therapy she heard that the therapists
feel the human energy field and she wanted to test this. So what did she do?
Well, it was was actually quite straightforward
she put a screen on the table and therapist was on one side of the screen
and she was on the other side of the screen and the therapist could extend
their hands through the screen left hand right hand and then Emily put her hand
above one of the hands of the therapist. Either her left hand or her right hand. And she did
so several times. And she didn't just put her hand somewhere she decided where to
put her hand randomly by flipping a coin. So for example heads would mean she would place
her hand about the left hand and tails would mean that she would place her hand above
the right hand that's what the experiment was like I would like to
think with you about the hypothesis so the hypothesis is that therapists truly
feel the human energy field. They can detect it: that's the hypothesis. Now we do
these experiments a lot of times with a lot of therapists and I want to think
with you about the percentage correct that we expect if the hypothesis is true
so it is true that the therapist exactly feel the energy field.
How accurate do you think should they be? What's your guess?
100. Yeah, very good, that's good.
100 is what we expect. It could be a bit off, but that should be nearly perfect. Now another
question is what to expect if the hypothesis is false? So if the therapist cannot feel where his
hand is. What do you expect then? From the percentage correct, how accurate do you
think therapists should be? Any idea?
Someone said 50.
I think we would expect 50% his lower it's harder to interpret so you if you're
lower than 50 then you'd be lower than than guessing but I think if these
therapists cannot really feel it then she or he would guess between the left or
the right hand. So we would expect a percentage correct for about 50%. So what
did Emily Rosa find? These are the results. The experiment showed that the
therapists were correct in 44 percent of the time so yeah it's a little under 50
so I guess the conclusion is that therapists kind of guessed where the
hand was. Now this example is I think an example of a very good experiment.
It's an example of conducting effective research. There were a lot of
therapists there are a lot of trials and she randomly decided where to put her
hand. So that's all very effective but we have to test all the hypotheses and
what would we do if the percentage correct wasn't 44 percent or 50 percent but
maybe 51? 52, 53, 60, 70%? Where is the point that we decide that the therapists can
feel the human energy field? Well that's a matter of statistics. So yeah, in your
first year you will learn a lot about methodology for conducting effective
research but also on statistics. So this is an overview of the first half year of
the study program. This is from September till December.
Now psychology has this on behavior and mental processes so science but is also
about behavior and mental processes. What does that mean? What kind of behavior
do we mean? Well actually, all kinds of behavior. so it may be behavior of children of
adolescents, of students, of adults. Maybe about development, maybe
about behavior in schools or in the pub, at the gym or in the train. So we're
interested as psychologists in all kinds of behavior. And the mental processes we are
interested in. Well there are four actually. Perceiving: so what do you see? How do you see?
But not just the technical part of it, but also: how do you interpret what you see?
How do you make sense of all the visual and auditive stimuli that you receive?
Thinking is another mental process. In Psychology we call it cognition.
And feeling is another mental process, we call it emotions.
So we study emotions in Psychology and we also study wanting or motivation as we call it
in psychology. I wanna take a look at the four key sub-disciplines of
psychology. The first one is cognitive psychology.
Here's an example of visual perception. Cognitive psychology it's not just about
visual perception, it's also about language, about memory, about thinking. But here
I'll just give you an example of visual perception and yeah to make sure that we
all see the same thing. I hope we see the same thing. I'd like to hear your thoughts on
what this is? What do you see on the picture? It's a dear yeah can you tell me a
bit more about? It's head is turned. Can you tell me something about the material?
It's wood. Does it pop out? Yes it pops out.
Ok, now I will turn the picture. Just turn it.
And you might not see it immediately, but most people see that after a while that something has changed.
If you don't see it immediately, you have to look away and blink your eyes. to me quite a while to see
It took me quite a while to see it.
Now it's very easy for me to see.
So the deer is now lower than the surface, right?
So that's a funny thing right? Your brain does something that
makes you perceive this very differently. So now it's like jigsaw pieces.
It is how our brain helps us in interpreting what we see. And if you want to know
how this happens, why this happens? Of course you have to study Psychology.
So this is one of the key sub categories of psychology: cognitive psychology.
And it is combined with an introduction to psychology in the first part of the first half
of our study program. So also from September until December you will study cognitive
psychology and introduction to psychology. And we call this block, the
theme of this block is psychology: scope, basis and methods. So these are are the
tools of the human mind you could say. Let's turn to another sub discipline
and that's actually my field. It's developmental psychology. So we study
how people develop. We look at children, we look at older people. We look at their changes
in the way they think and how they feel. Where do they find their support?
Their emotional support for example so as you grow older you will get your emotional
support more from friends than from parents. That's something that we know from psychology.
This is an example of the way children think. We used to think that children thought in the same
way as adults did, but they just knew less. Now we know that they think really differently.
So you can present children for about four years with these two rows
of chips. So two rows: here is one, here's one and you ask the child and it should
be a child around four years, five years of age, and ask them them: do the rows have
the same number or has one more and is it the left or right one?
Children would obviously say they have the same number of chips. You could also do it with candy.
Or whatever, but then you change something and you spread wide the rows.
And then if you ask a child: does one row have more and which one is it? Or is it the same?
They say well obviously the right one has more because it's more. And that's a really
different way of thinking children have. Very different from their parents.
And I think is really interesting to study that.
So developmental psychology is in January, in the first half year. And the theme
of this block is human development and something is still missing in this
schedule and that's the blue band over here that's reserved for tutorials.
All these subjects are courses in which you receive lectures. Cognitive psychology has lectures, developmental psychology.
All have lectures but lectures aren't the place where people feel free to ask questions
or where they can practice their skills writing skills presentation skills or
even have discussions on psychological topics so that's why we also have
tutorials small groups of students supervised by a teacher who is a lot
younger than most of the lecturers. These tutorials have a great atmosphere
for asking questions and discussing together so that part is for tutorials.
In a week you will have four lectures and two tutorials of two hours each.
Let's go to the next sub discipline: social psychology.
There are some pictures of hats red hats, blue hats. Unfortunately I
didn't bring any hats. Because I would love to do this experiment with you.
Because what I predict would happen if I would randomly give you a red hat, a blue hat
then you will see that in the break people with blue hats with cluster,
the red hats will cluster. And that's funny right? That people form
groups automatically. Why do they do that and it would also polarize so you are a
member of the group and you might think that your group is actually better more
intelligent or nicer and the other group not so nice and not so intelligent. So people form
groups and that's what is studied in social psychology, among other things.
Yes, the polarization can become quite large you can see that for example in
the American elections where we have the Trump camp and Clinton camp so it's very
important topic social psychology is about influencing people through
processes, attitudes. And a sub-discipline of that social psychology is
work and organizational psychology and that's also a very important topic I
think very important discipline because you have many years ahead of working now
you are before a very important decision what do you want to study? Which study
will you choose? And it will already point a little bit in the direction of where
your working place will be and that's very important to make this choice very
wisely because working life is about 40 years so it's important to choose wisely
it's also important that a work environment is healthy so to prevent
burnout also to select the right the right place
so recruitment is a subject of a work and organizational psychology but also
creating a healthy work environment
These two subjects of social psychology and work and organizational psychology are
both lectured in the second half year of the study program and that will be in
February and we call this block:
Humans as social animals. Then we get to another sub-discipline. And that's clinical psychology.
Clinical Psychology is I think what most people think of when they think of psychology.
They think of people lying on a couch telling all their problems and that's not what well
that's not what psychology is all about but it's also not the only thing that
clinical psychologists do. So here's an example of someone consulting a clinical
psychologist so clinical psychologists may treat people and not just people with
a disorder but also people with temporary problems maybe in their relation or at work,
So there's more clinical psychology than just treating clients with
It's important to know that in the old days we used to think of people with a disorder as people who are
possessed by the devil and fortunately we do not think like that anymore.
We think of psychopathology as dysfunctions in the brain, so I have you're here of two
brains. The right one is a brain of someone who
has schizophrenia and you can actually see that in the brain
because the brain matter in the brain is decreasing when you developed
schizophrenia and also see more larger ventricles in
the brain and an abnormal nerve development. So it's important to know
that psychopathology is now associated, related to brain development. So it's
important to know something of bio psychology if you're interested in
psychology so bio-psychology is about how does our body influence our behavior and
in this course we'll talk about the brain. What are the parts of the brain? So we have
four lobes frontal lobe parietal temporal lobe and in these lobes are cells.
How do they communicate with each other? How do they
transfer information but then it's through chemical processes so these
biological processes, biological aspects of psychology are part of biopsychology.
And the theme of this block is
behavior and biological basis of being and then we get to the last part of the first
year and that's where academic writing in Amsterdam we think is really important
that you are able to write academically but also to read academic papers so there's a lot
attention for that, propaedeutic thesis is what you write at the end of the first year
and you pick a topic, you design your own research question and you can see it as
a closing of an whole year where you have learned a lot about psychology you've learned a
lot you have a lot of knowledge but you also have a lot of skills
so you develop your skills and you can show what you've heard in the propaedeutic thesis
yeah, that's what you do, you design your own research question
you go manage literature search and you come up
with an answer to your question, so this in June communication is the theme of this block
and the new part we have the tutorials again so the tutorial continues throughout the whole year
something that's also typical for Amsterdam is the digital learning
environment the digital learning environment is very handy because it
provides you with assignments but also by the possibility to practice test
questions so what we have here our old questions, questions from old exams
so you can test your own knowledge test where you are, so why do we do that
well we want to have students in keeping up with the pace of the studies also to remember
better Stephen just told you maybe people who were here early already
heard that sleep is something that's very important to help your memory but it also
helps to repeat learning to repeat the knowledge information that
you have to learn so it's good to apply your knowledge in several environments
under a situation that helps you in remembering better and we know that and try to help you with that
there is a practice for tests for exams and both the tutorials and the digital learning
environments we give you good feedback on your study behavior
let's have a quick look at the second year and also I'll give you a look at the third and fourth year
I mean very brief, the second year there's again attention for academic thinking
Methodology statistics and test instruction we also have course on
professional orientation so where do psychologists work, psychologists from
practice come to the University and tell how they work as a psychologist and how
their study is the basis for for their work, second diagnosis is of course
and I coordinate and part the lecture so we learn how to diagnose
because it's quite complicated yeah it's very interesting we together
watch case someone who has some temporary problems in his work and as a
student you think of how or what's happening here what's important
and how can i, what questions should I ask the patient to get to know problem
and the solution we pay attention to the philosophy of psychology so the
fundamentals actually of psychology and there's some room for electives
which gives you the opportunity to also give personal touch to your studies
in the second year the tutorials continue and you also do an research practical
and the research practical also focuses again on academic writing be able to learn about
psychological research by studying the papers so you come up with a question
research question design an experiment, that's new that's different from the first year
you receive some simulated data that you can analyze and aries a complete report
that's about do the research but as a psychologist you see a lot of people
and you need to know how to interact with these people
so you have practical in conversational skills so you learn about empathy about
interviewing people listening summarizing where they say receiving
feedback giving feedback all very important in conversations with people
the third year is a year where you specialize in our program so you choose
one of the disciplines and each discipline has upholstery courses and
some room for electives and there's the bachelor thesis which is quite a large
part in the third year and in this bachelor thesis we work with a group of students
say four / five students and you are being supervised by someone from
scientific staff so together you make up a research question this is a point
where you really collect data with people so you go to in my case childeren
to schools for example questionnaire or test, you may have developed some yourself
you start to collect data and to analyze this data to really answer your research
question you do this in a group supervised by one of the researchers and
but you write your report individually now it is really fun to work with students because
I find that they always come up with really original questions original ideas
that I can learn from actually, that's for me also science, it doesn't really
your age doesn't matter it's about ideas about curious questions
ok, in the fourth year every specialization has at least one master
or several and it is massive track there again compulsory courses
but working life is getting closer so you will do a work placement or an
internship and yeah that really gives you the opportunity to look what it's
like to work as the psychologist you will actually get work as a psychologist
another large part in the fourth year in the master track is devoted to the
master thesis where you do a research project at this time you do it by
yourself well not completely by yourself but you
do it individually and you're being supervised again by one of the
researchers in our department you write your own individual report on your research
yeah so working life after your master track after you finished the master tracks
you will start to work and what are the career opportunities than for all these
various specializations well let's get back to the slang program the first half year
there was all psychology and possible career opportunities are for
example designer tools and buildings have to be user-friendly intuitive maybe so as
an example, in our, we are in a new building now and our hallway well
I think they didn't ask the psychologist to help design the hall because I attempt to walk on the right side
and I have to be because the hallway is not that wide so I attempt to walk one the right side, when I go through a door
I have to pull the door no I have to go to the left actually and pull the door
towards me and then that's not very psychological because you want to be
able to continue so that's where a psychologist could help on making
buildings and tools more user-friendly more intuitive
traffic experts well there are cognitive psychologists among experts as well
think of roads where you can see the line is on the road on which type of
road you are and how fast you are allowed to travel
you also can become a researcher but you can actually become a researcher
with any of the specializations
developmental psychology which career opportunities we have here, well,
school psychology is an opportunity, working in schools with children parents and their teachers
preventing learning problems
teachers can consult the school psychologist for example
health consultants are also often develop psychologist so if you really want to work with children who have more
severe problems it could become health consultants now we switch to the second
half here what are the career opportunities for social psychology well you can think of
designing campaigns to influence behavior of people for example campaigns
on reducing smoking or safe traffic
behavior so social psychology learn how to influence people and use that
knowledge in designing campaigns, you can also become trainers, work on organizational
psychology it's very much related to social psychology here you can think of
career opportunities like retreatment and selection for a company for example or
as an organization consultant you could help companies to develop or provide
healty working environment an environment culture is also one of the career
opportunities for work and organizational psychology
now we get to clinical psychology and here I do have to be honest that you're
not ready to to receive the registrations that you need as a
clinical psychologist so after your masters that will be post academic
teaching education two years to become house psychologist, four years to become psychotherapist
we do have psychologists who have finished their masters and have
immediately started working as we know psychologists in practice and they don't
have all the registrations yet there is somehow hierarchy in psychology
here you can think of career opportunities as neuropsychologist
for example maybe working in a hospital in people who have brain lesions in a
rehabilitation center are also possibilities with all this information you might be curious what
it's like to be studying psychology
these perceptions are involved a lecture self-study and an exam but also a
tutorial so in a tutorial you will have the opportunity to ask questions
questions to your teacher on the study of psychology but also on what it's like to be a students at
the University of Amsterdam, the life of a student
anything about so that's really nice opportunity to ask them questions
summer 15 is day for the taster sessions you can register through UVA.nl
taster week and there is an other taster session in April
and that's for the students will start major so enough from 2018 but maybe the year after
it's important to know that we have a selection procedure selection because
in general there are more applicants than places so how do we select but we want to select students but I think you
can also look at it the other way around you also want to select what's
good for you so this is also a way finding out if studying psychology
is something for you the method is well you're studying during the week and
you do not need any extra preparation
what is it look like you have a lecture day and on this day there will be two lectures and
than there's one week self studies you can write literature that's required
it will be provided to you and you will have acces to the
digital learning environment where you can do the assignments and also practice test
questions then another day there will be exams for the two topic so the lectures
will be on different subjects for each subject there will be an exam these
exams will include both multiple choice and essay questions and these are the
same type of questions that will be used in the first year so the really give you an
idea of what studying psychology is like and also the test tell us and you about
how successful you will be there studying psychology because we use the
same test here as in the same, the same type of test as the first year
in one two selection rounds first one in February lecture day on Februari 9th and test day on February 17th
lecture day on March 2th March 10th you have a question
there are possibilities to do this online there are some restriction
that have to do the distance from Amsterdam that's the main restriction yeah
okay so as I said the selection procedure involves the same type of questions
for example studying in year one or two
to by checking entry requirements submit your enrollment application and study link
you attend the lectures on the lecture day and take the test
and we will inform you about your ranking number and let you know if you are admitted, so that's important
to know the application goes through study link that's an L it closes at
January 15 its question so closing remarks I have given you a lot of
information but there is of course a lot more information
and I didn't tell you so if you want in further information you can go to the
information markets for the study choice order there's also a dieter the RAC so
at the campus the compass and we'll find markets just study choice corner
campus and then well nothing that I need to say good luck with choising it's not my well
I don't want to drag you all into psychology I really want you to make a
good choice so maybe you're interested in psychology studies.
Choose wisely and choose the study that fits you.
And now that I told you all these specifics I want to give the floor to Stefan Jongejan who's a former student of psychology and he can tell you what it's like to study in Amsterdam.
My name is Stefan Jongejan. I'm a graduate student psychology here
at the University of Amsterdam. I'm currently at the specilization, in my Masters, in the area of
brain and cognition. I know a lot about your brain. How memory works
for instance. I've already talked to some of you about how your memory works. And how sleep's invloved in your
memory and I'm certainly going to be talking about some of my experiences
here as a Bachelor student and why I completely and totally enjoyed studying here.
The first thing that I really enjoyed about studying here at the UvA is
the broadness the first year has. So starting in all the different subjects all the
different specialization areas for this psychology and after that having a
really wide spectrum of knowledge within psychology but also being able to decide
for yourself what area of psychology is in your interest in what's totally not.
There were some areas which weren't for me and areas that were totally for me.
Which made choosing a direction really easy for me in the third year.
Another thing I really appreciated is the fact that the academic skills are
really taught here at the University of Amsterdam. For instance academic
writing, this otherwise really boring thing and sometimes it might be what is really
important: you have to learn the rules of how to write a scientific paper in the
area of psychology. There are a lots of international rules to
make it easy for someone in Japan, Korea, America or wherever in the
world that that they can look into a research article and really know where
to look to get specific types of information. So there are rules involved
in this, which we have to learn and we start from the first year
being taught that. Which is a really good thing because eventually when I started
writing my own thesis for my Bachelor program I didn't have to think a lot
about how to implement these rules. They are already a second nature to me
and I'm completely focused on my own research findings and how to put
those down. So that was quite nice, obviously a great thing is that when you start
your third year you've started your own specializations: something you've chosen
for yourself which is really the main focus of the third year, which is quite
pleasant compared to for instance a three-year wide psychology program where you
don't really specialize. Specialization is really something that helped me a lot
in developing my own personal interest, because within the specializations we
also have these collective possibilities to choose certain subjects which fit you.
What also prepares you for the future within your further work life.
Lastly I wanted to talk about some positives I've experienced here at the University and
that's when it comes to the courses: each and every course is being evaluated afterwards.
So our teachers our organization looks at courses and asks students what
was good but what can be done better and that means that every course is
constantly updated to be the best fit for our future students which is quite
nice because you feel like they are actually listening to the needs of students in
their courses instead of just focusing on whatever fits best for the bachelor
itself. So it's quite a good thing you really feel like the university is
listening to you as students and not just throwing information at you.
Lastly, I's also like to talk about this decision process
you're in right now. Maybe the decision what study you're going to
do and what university to go to is quite difficult. Something that
helped me in deciding whether or not to go to the UvA to study
psychology was the QS world ranking list. I don't know if some of you've
heard of it? Google it: QS and then you will be able to look at each and every
different type of study program and look at how it ranks throughout the
world from all the different universities, thousands of universities
Where does this specific program rank in comparison to
all the other universities and what turns out which by a boost for your own ego as
a student here is that the UvA psychology program
ranks number ten worldwide. That's quite high even better
for me at least in my opinion is that it is number one on in Europe.
So if you're gonna study anywhere in Europe and you're going to study psychology
it would be best, at least according to the ranking, to go here. It gives you to come some
kind of ego boost and gives you the feeling that you're actually in the right
place. That you're really getting that most of the study that's possible
and also when you look at the future prospect of your career that it looks just a
bit more brighter than it might look if you'd studied in another University. So that's one of the reasons I
chose to come here and I haven't
regretted any moments. I truly enjoyed it and I hope the same will be for you,
whatever you're going to do. Because enjoyment is a really
large part of studying so choose something that really fits you. Thank you for now, if you
have any questions please get in touch with us and also you can come to us right now
and there's an information market in building E, where two of our colleagues
are standing or students are standing to provide more information and information brochures.