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i'm sorry i haven't really prepared the and teach the discourse in english so i would
speak french and maybe in the end the could translate to quickly and if possible
uh not because of the strong for us to clean or do to yeah uh uh
ask you to skip a postponement there's no hope with this month on on huh
wilkinson says it to accountable machine cool ooh when you last digit it because in it
what are you see present you from where where she take the
a shortage is paul sometimes you were like the this
you can like tools which will tell you
yeah um we do push the the whole country shoe to
put it on the card this just won't use also
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the difficulty the law with the colour special decision was books it to what
you have to sit to columbus young with one one of those too
you sure sure it lie on the specific did you push a cool new proposal
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this to to show like announcing that should take two and push one
so there is something as a uh like this shameless did you do to
other plummeted not stick to the humanity and who would do keys and
confronted with us you move a live you know the uh don't come stocking up solution
the movies young of the uh of shouldn't and
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you know through global mode could give construed in that many of the evil with the alpha to it plus it
was when i was he acted as soon as i can take students and you move the the point usage
plus you wanna let you look at the life weeks young uh when the ticker
like the back to your action with this addressing the trees because he
don't use easy to do the show you the politics you when knowledge
in some perspective what you put the t. v. the development
and not back knowledge um don't uh spectral don't movie that not only one
mobile t. the the possible complications really don't do to the new
complete has uh the the coast we to uh uh she has used to do them
clippings of the textual the situation of ideal problematic you hope that you just
bassoon course tweezers could easily move the construction please energy to make to our style
it don't do a uh the social the perspective on it for four feet
so we pursue to measure to to know is what i'm delusional so
the uh you know she'll context key value uh all she's the over
because he did tell um put your slap it put a little
more usable all shoes who don't do numbers 'cause you want
or put you move the the country uh pause for maybe a
a not plus shortly one one that you really are
i should never yeah chris just want coffee potential to present rickety computer not through
q. what do you want to look as a pseudo all she's done is i'll play some all at the
contest for frozen pack two measures come the visit room all uh have a launch we would assume
a home to do totally uh uh who already have a uh because
the cost would highly up who could teach a shop also
i like it should be seasoned any them also look lee 'cause you start the the because because i see some proof
problematic thousands one for two more girls she they can you
i don't uh it's you would go sit to situation was fit to
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the more on the uh on appointee such to them on the ass
but most you don't want to to open it would also cause no one clearly don't phenomena to handle
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look at all due to them and then it's easy to disappoint
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try to see look as on top on how come all the probabilities else just
want visitors all spoof conferencing and somewhere fear and manually not capacity i
pointed to the menu fifty not assisted us showing it it come on comp
on the plug one more demo nobles wanted a minute different one
so the the spongy law and what have you know putting it in this it also some school
project native lupin can relatively p. c. q. or was it presently not null yeah want
to oppose the pedagogy t. says gee the the
most incredible herschel i've it to you have
well what i did is he a a unique older stick to a plan to do
to fit if we i want to to
not to many other senior prepared areas
in family yeah is it is it with your big discussion difficult invent
one could commercial context and was she uses a to the uh
problematic she newsletter resource ah o. c. last inclusion of it
on compulsory tucson are you the twin was institutional
uh uh international remote and move in the motel so puzzled local
for t. v. or the action of and in the
the uh someone have a a party party person key policy
time idea so i mean is such a nerve
the the n. o. a. a in the price in the to help in the coldest it to
have a donor context to uh the uh the the systematic something uh see i say do
do the cradle assuming the the the um the town plastic on abortion
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the political on pool or put 'em in the lab prepare these
or q. whose experience to the uh the suit on
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the only party keep our mall door listens to show a
cat in each a a signal so source light to
the the one something open proportionate to the the lab gullible question do you don't know what he
the the um what he that there's a for this is experience something new uh not the
more covered or do some mean after a piano organ is the the payment now
the the pony onto me disillusionment the milk apples shoe via you to the christian multiple so
much to to do is also lashed it to decrease the ponies young to me these
a a a a decision on the multilateral ski oh nice eh
the person when you for the controls through two different to my t. to uh uh um
yes uh this is usually a a pollen more a a nice on something that
you do you wanna stick to a a weekly kale depletion paid for
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uh uh the one with the door closed the c.
call for the economy pool you yeah so she a fictional
new parameter ask unicorn look sorta new report ought
to that is a democrat on the high fixing paparazzi plummeted you can also meant to want us to have
a a new push the connection going happy to to
uh uh use to model the decision where immediate
plus uh for this experimental system really possibility question couldn't have works it till the textual
the from the simpler yeah uppity sepia uh cities when a um
course with composer yeah they can he the soul present wants the possible uh
what what you've got wasn't you've put short and put it in
most will at those um sit back to happen once before facet present that's shown on
the war for says go you have remote is walking up and down for set
it is it better in english
okay so it's good reason to complain but of course along this has
that like it's a give up with okay so the idea um
of this uh a collaboration with the a. p. uh and uh and the phone or somewhere yeah was to uh
see how far we can link the experiences in the field that we're having as humanitarian actors
and um what is happening now in in cities in developed countries because we see that
the the the crisis are more and more uh affecting developed countries so
um something that we thought that was really particular to go
to a developing country is uh is now the competence is that
we're developing in the field are now um maybe useful
for developed countries um i i start with this image
which um for me is an interesting starting point
with his discussion is this is the uh uh the wall seating cologne unfortunately was destroyed but
it's uh and uh i'm a major example of how a spontaneous urban fabric it was done by
the people on a on a an ancient front of the temple in in a hong kong
uh and it had it all its own rules its own security system its own
a social dynamic everything was a built around a social dynamic without any
a intervention of an architect or an urban planner um and this is
the kind of context we're faced with the when we work uh in the field
now um maybe some of you are i'm familiar with the
our institutional constructs when we work in humanitarian action
we had the um millennium development goals from two thousand to
two two thousand fifteen uh that was a a broad
um consensus on on the priorities the humanitarian community should work
uh when in the in a in different countries or
after crisis and this was mainly related to
um um nutrition full to uh and uh equality
um yeah gender uh education and health now
after the two thousand and fifteen deadline there was a
new um a bargaining that was a negotiated
with the most oh well more or less all the human turn act as a under the
um the day um right after you and system and this is what we call the sustainable
about development goals as the cheese and you can see here that for the first time
sustainable cities and communities is part of this so now we are working on
a quite a strong and structured um a principled approach in human interaction
and this is really um summarise makes it isn't
human settlements inclusive save so resilient and sustainable
there is nothing about construction as you can see in in the way it's
presented but it's everything about urban dynamics and uh and for us it's
really something quite new because it means that we have a strong institutional system
and um and logic that we can um sustain our actions with
so to get more practical uh the idea of this research is to
i'm really uh it's it's a a a teaching uh um uh
x. x. exercise so the idea is how can we
um invent or really think the way we
are teaching architecture in europe um
is there a way that we can bring the the
new the students into a an approach or way
of of uh imagining architecture it with different tools and i think this was more let's summarise before
architecture is not only about material is not only about the space
and light it's also about people and this is exactly what
we are uh our ambition is it to try to see if we can uh translate this into a new or uh
not a new but uh an adapted teaching method so the idea in geneva is
to work on three scenarios one which is inside the city the other one
of with a a a hosting a uh um structure in the city another
one in a in a in a peripheral semi peripheral or um um
like an industry and neighbourhood and the other one in the outskirts this are quite realistic scenarios because this is
exactly what you need is trying to um uh work with so you probably know you all know
the kind of buildings that the architects are working with when we talk about this so
this is where the first scenario and uh a new building in the city
and you can't you have here a a quite a a typical example what is being
done uh this is in germany where the architect only works on the mainframe
uh like typically no the domino structure and then the refugees they design or the
they built to the the uh the their own homes within this structure
with the means that the community gives to them so there is a kind of
mixture between the role of the architect and the role of the refugee
um and this is exactly where we try to to um to
investigate what is exactly the role of the architect do
we have to do it all or can we do on your part of it uh well where do we
um interfere how do we designed a building and where
do we leave the space for the other actors and i think this is the the key
questions that we we're try to answer the second example well the second scenario is
transforming an existing building and this is this is our really our daily bread and butter
when we're in the field because most of the time so we have a crisis
refuges or displace people they go and settle in an existing structure
it can be a scroll it can be a a building under construction and our
work as architects it's to transform this building in something which is viable
with respecting the minimum him return standards like water and sanitation axes to uh
to public services et cetera i like this picture this is uh
um at your telly very uh into billy see that was initially uh like uh
so he attic kind of a very you know uh
expressive architectural type and then that was completely
used by refugees um and and uh there is
this kind of intervention with very very individual
uh interventions in each just story each base of the building which creates a
totally different image of the bit which i i kind of like
i think it's it's also architecture but it's architecture without racket texas so there is the mixture between
a a strong architectural type and then how the people use it or change
it and this is again the question of how what kind of
space the architect can have in this process and is is that the
question we ask ourselves every day when we on the field
um uh how can we contribute and the third example will be
uh like uh any an emergency settlement which is
totally um transitional it's not meant to last
but it's something that can happen anywhere in europe now we're talking about you know the
nuclear power plants so it this can happen any day
with like it happened elsewhere or uh whatever
natural disaster or human may disaster that can affect our region uh or another region uh
uh in the neighbouring countries where you will have a sudden influx of
refugees or displace people and we have to be ready to
answer that and obviously emergency um a design of of a settlement
is one of the answers so this will be also
a part of the response the copping to buy the bay is
also realistic uh exercise since uh there is a plan to
uh s. w. short to build a transitional shelter a settlement there for a migrants in switzerland
um so what what kind of of um of uh the guidelines we we will we
use to to teach i like they say this picture this is in um
then john expert in in uh south africa and you have here exactly what our problems are
in one and you have what we call the hyper sit is everything is is defined everything is there um the the
plots are totally managed ownership land ownership is defined networks are
at the at water sanitation whatever you name it
and then on the other end you have what we call the um spontaneous cities or the a
mobile suit is there is plenty of words around is which none of this is there
this is done on networks no land ownership nothing
but it's still a city so the question is how can we link boats how can we work how can we
learner from b. d. a kinetic city is and try to
see how to integrate and this is what we
are working is this area how can we link because this is exactly what will happen in europe cities
when you will establish and it's already happening you establish up a a non permanent structure
with the migrants how can you link them with the uh the whole thing communities
and this is where architects have something to do maybe not the building
but at least thinking about how can we create this interface
i know that uh another thing i see him is the impact of new technologies it's completely changing the way we work and here
you can see i also like the same decided this image you
have the electricity coverage in africa and the mobile network coverage
which is three or four times bigger so now we're working with mobile phone in africa
we didn't like five or six years back mobile phones for us was not a working to it is now
most of our actions are done through mobile phones so how can we
integrate is in the way we teach architecture how can new
technologies how how we new technologies influence our work
it's not only about mobile phones it's it's everything which is related to communication access to information et cetera
the um the other part which is much quite related to the echoes century project is
um resources and for us it's not inventing new technology is is
being creative and and this is a typically something which has
a great success is you can build allied with a pet bottle
it's incredibly cheap and it the the in the important aspect
of is is the idea is that you cannot um
impose expensive new technologies in humanitarian crisis but you can invent
ways to reduce energy consumption or to modify your the way
you you behave behaviour change as we call it
to um be more in line with the available resources and this is something we would like
to double up with the students instead of thinking that technology is a solution is
that that the solution is think is is the way we think about energy
and there are plenty of of such examples it's not about you know
a a a scientific approach is more about a behavioural approach
um how are we going to work and for me a this is a typically uh
one of the key approaches is participatory approach um i i worked on don um
reconstruction of a of a palestinian camp which is the city in lebanon in two thousand eight
a two thousand and twelve and uh we completely uh integrated
documenting the planning process it was quite a new
a way of working it was very challenging because we didn't have any tools to do it
but we succeeded eventually um and this is exactly what and twenty which is was talking about how can we
integrate the active with the main actors which other users in the process in the in the planning process
this is probably something architects don't really know how to do at least in western countries and
it's something if you don't know how to do you want done in emergencies because without
including the users the bunny fishes there's no way you can succeed in the project
um this is high t. i. was there i just came back from haiti
i spend a month uh um with the emergency this with response
um is this is the swedes agency for the reply corporation i work with them since more than ten years twelve years now
um and uh one of my roles is to go out there when there is an emergency
so they call me i have to leave in the six twelve hours after the call
and uh and this exactly what happened they called me a month back after the
the site clone in haiti and i had to leave and i
spend a month there are leaving the the emergency response infrastructure
it's one of the key aspect of our our work when we're right we have to reactivate infrastructure
we have to provide what uh we have to uh clean the roads we have to
uh make sure that people have access to this with children can go to school et cetera et cetera infrastructure is really
a key component of our work it's not it's it's something that we usually hear leave to the engine yes
but as a as in emergencies as a planning process it's for the
architects the key component here you can see one of our
um uh experts what transportation experts re activating the what a networking in one of these
uh cities along the coast in haiti and the interesting thing is that we'd with
seven thousand dollars we give water to more than thirty thousand people
instead the other n. g. o.s we're providing water with jerry cans and wasn't quite costly
it cost that more than ten twenty thirty thousand dollars but for for us we only
we prototypes from santa domingo we repaired the system and after a a week
the entire region they can they could have access to a portable water again
mobile isolation uh oh something's wrong um again communication inform be transparent
these are some things that we do everyday in human shaven um imagine says we have to say what we do we have to
um to be very proactive otherwise people do not understand what are
you doing here what is your objective are you just a
o'neill colonialist whatever so we have to be incredibly tense but
we have to communicate day in day uh transmit informations
um in in a way that we can't using the local systems the local language and it's it's all
these are incredibly challenging architects usually the i'm not really familiar with the the the the steak big
can talk like me in front of an audience but it's very much another a role play game
to go up there talk to people that have a cupboard completely different culture et cetera
et cetera this is happening also engine even when we have two holes migrants how do we
talk to them how to inform them how do we include them in the communication system
and then obviously there is no infrastructure architecture project if there is no
integration in the local economy and you all have these examples of
the nice houses we built in three line card that were empty because they
were just so far from the coast and they were meant for fisherman
so what is the fisherman going to live in the mountains when the uh the the income generating activities on the coast
so there's no way you can integrate you can have a um something which is durable if you don't want
him to you if you don't put there be a social and economic integration and this is again
uh one of the major part of our program in haiti when i arrived i said
we have to do something for this people immediately so we distribute it cash
we gave them four dollars per person per day to clean the cities
it gives them um a lot of things um
reintegration participating to the relief uh uh economic strength again they could go out and buy stuff
et cetera et cetera it seems completely out of uh the architecture process but it's not
it's fundamental because these people then can become the actors of the on recovering
so these examples uh this is something that philip already talked a project
we're ready did in in uh in geneva and free bow
um at this is something we just did a lot of a couple of
weeks back in in feeble what the students had to build um
emergency shelters so there is some experience that we
bring along on how do we teach humanitarian
i'm a project or humanitarian approaches to this um this process
and this is something that the last image i
want to do to to see i took this picture like a a few weeks back here in geneva
and this shows that it's happening and this was something that we could not
imagine like two or three years back for me being an architecture uh
uh an architect in humanitarian assistance was going away now it's becoming what

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Conference program

Panos MANTZIARAS, Directeur, Fondation Braillard Architectes
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:10 a.m.
Antonio HODGERS, Conseiller d’État chargé du département de l’aménagement, du logement et de l’énergie (DALE), République et canton de Genève
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:11 a.m.
Panos MANTZIARAS, Directeur, Fondation Braillard Architectes
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:24 a.m.
Philippe BONHÔTE // Ivan VUARAMBON, Architecte, professeur, Joint Master of Architecture, HES/GE-HEPIA // Architecte, chargé de missions auprès de la DDC
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:46 a.m.
Nicolas TIXIER // Jennifer BUYCK, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Architecte, maître de conférences, Institut d’urbanisme de Grenoble
8 Dec. 2016 · 10:15 a.m.
Dominique BOURG // Rémi BAUDOUI, Philosophe, professeur - Institut de géographie et durabilité, Faculté des géosciences et de l’environnement, Université de Lausanne // Sociologue, professeur - Département de science politique et relations internationales, Université de Genève
8 Dec. 2016 · 10:44 a.m.
Katharina SCHNEIDER ROSS // Marco GROSSMANN, Deputy Executive Director - Global Infrastructure Basel // Director Implementation Services - Global Infrastructure Basel
8 Dec. 2016 · 11:42 a.m.
Peter DROEGE, Architect, professor, Liechtenstein Institute for Strategic Development
8 Dec. 2016 · 12:08 p.m.
Pascal ROLLET // Robert SADLEIR, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Économiste - Westminster University
8 Dec. 2016 · 12:35 p.m.
Grégoire BIGNIER // Peggy GARCIA, Architecte-ingénieur, chercheur, Laboratoire LIAT, ENSAPM // Architecte, postgrade EPFL - Maître assistant associé, ENSAPM
8 Dec. 2016 · 2:52 p.m.
Alexander SCHMIDT, Architecte, professor - Institute of City Planning + Urban Design, University Duisburg-Essen
8 Dec. 2016 · 3:18 p.m.
Sabine BARLES // Gunther VOGT, Ingenieure, professeure - Universite Paris I, UMR Geo-Cites // Paysagiste, professeur?Institut fur Landschaftsarchitektur, ETHZ
8 Dec. 2016 · 3:49 p.m.
Frédéric BONNET, Architecte, professeur - Académie d’architecture, Mendrisio
8 Dec. 2016 · 5:10 p.m.
PAOLA VIGANÒ, Architecte-urbaniste, professeure EPFL et IUAV, directrice du laboratoire Lab-U/ EPFL, membre fondateur de l’agence Studio 16, Milan
8 Dec. 2016 · 5:43 p.m.
Pascal ROLLET // Günther VOGT, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Paysagiste, professeur Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur, ETHZ
8 Dec. 2016 · 6:13 p.m.
Reinier DE GRAAF, Architect - Office for Metropolitan Architecture, Rotterdam 8 DÉCEMBRE 2016
8 Dec. 2016 · 6:39 p.m.
Reinier DE GRAAF, Architect - Office for Metropolitan Architecture, Rotterdam 8 DÉCEMBRE 2016
8 Dec. 2016 · 7:21 p.m.

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