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a cool nested rip apples you'd be summed up or um
number twenty so i couldn't we
i know i will i will i will
like the strong in the wrong deuce yeah on pit
it affected most that don't stick to it where you're sure to a regular nine eleven in the pine minute
'cause i get up to the fair meet yep was it to the public problematic on and on
give it enough to teach a pretty good yea to
eliminating object reports the sounds which can be okay
seven don't come with a survey who's ah the phenomena experiment dollars of more you might pick it do
in the joint player compassion will be getting a call so much your your channel data source
it's gonna be and makes expose if a team that put two of lack the the the consequence next fast uh
she continued to sit men yeah if they are uh not want to live in to name a secular
long the they just don't usually think more in e. d. t. d. v. c. that yeah they they
put a can of open system all isn't usually eh a concern only typical chic below plan it
all fit the song for the problem level two seconds on plus it lives in disowned or mentor
no small uh and this past the the man is but he had to be
many c. not limited delicately workers' let this you over the
open challenge come up as we say in english
is the the centre of the question of how the city should go i'm
gonna switch into english right now because we have english speaking yeah yeah
guests that would rather understand what we're saying is that right so i hope i now understand that the french speaking
a geneva population is much better inclined to speak better
and to understand english is okay for you
is a great thank you so as you can see that on those two images the first one is it yeah it forecasts
of the organisation uh on the thousand haunted by talks yeah it's
in in a in a key sticks in nineteen fifty six
which is very very much similar to what is today happening
at least in the global norse and the global cells
continue follows from that since i'm was very much i'm impressed to see how much one yeah for example is
didn't didn't use catching up with the norse yeah which was not something i had not really relaxed
so you understand that energy and the consumption of energy is in
some way the indicator of the change a oh thanks
and it will
it's not the only thing that is a we'll have to deal with the rest of the resources you are
important but energy easily source which is in some way indicated the best indicator of what's going on right
so i it for that reason i i i'd like to ask you
to fasting struggles was going to the beat of mathematics now okay
it understand what's going on which start from this very common unknown uh image of the
eh per capita consumption of energy underworld between nineteen eighteen twenty eight two thousand ten
of course as you i mean i understand the curve is not that because this per capita
in fact the population you smart so much bigger between eighteen twenty and today that the
real consumption of energy altogether is much much bigger than what we see here right
it's goes really up 'cause population is much more similar that
so what this energy why do we need energy we need energy to leave right i suppose
let's go back to numbers now okay we're getting into the rough a part of the rally
we were in nineteen eighteen two thousand eleven we consumed eight point
nine billion of don't for d. b. don't like one point
this all this is on the internet which is if you don't centre for meeting to do giles because
it's the best way to to see how to relate it to the human needs to energy
three hundred seventy three point eight except giles actions artist chanted in
in the a. things power any of them additions here
good so i if i'm mistaken but it's gonna just be one zero or or more not more so
but in fact we know that the schumann metabolism everyday use of eight point four zero joe
we need to know the to you every day it can for cuba job which corresponds to two
thousand calories right just to eat and it just as much like the rest of the animals
in october two thousand eleven and this i'm taking two thousand eleven because i had all the numbers for that year
we were seven seven billion people on earth so we
consumed we had in fact we needed fees against animals fifty eight point eight
it yeah that charles we produce to this number here
which means we produced six point three million
yeah times more energy that one with norman the the one it's one of us needs
per person
each one of us
um again that they had in this position six point
three meeting um times the energy in it
so what is this supplement energy in fact then you've
got another graph which shows that the primary energy
use of course developed eh divide into growth development
maintenance and operations again here you have the basic human needs the fact
we need exact and it it to leave but our culture needs much more energy than just
existing we are all agreeing that we need much more energy
than just the basic energy for metabolism another question is
which gets into the core of the problem how much more energy do we need you know the to feel human
what is the good number the good proportion of energy that we should use more than one really feel need as
physical beings you know to say we're dignify people we can do what we want to do in our lives
how much more mistake that i wear out how much energy do we have in this position
it's a good way to start as well you couldn't do need want as much energy as you as you wish
that you know there's a limit right this is the fame all the famous over should day what discussing
we know there for that to have an eleven it was on seventeenth september
after that date we started consuming the capital not the eh em interests
which means that you could stopped to consume energy that day
and and which is that that it by accident it two hundred seventeen to a day of the year
would have consumed only one seventy six actual job
which means would only have used four point sixty six million times the energy we need
i think it's fair enough
between six million four million four point five million
well i think there's two things to do double holidays we can you know
have a nice meal and all that so what i'm trying to
say is that we our interesting working on that subject
is to find out let's all say as with some friends was in english done for the for for the
and then some along some that would be necessary in our but that
would be i mean medium necessary just to have a human life
again of course where not a nice so nice as to think that
everybody does with the same ransom right i mean this is the
difference between the in american beauty of energy every day and the rest in
some other countries of the world so we know that this average
is that not really exist the average person doesn't exist
we're having differences but we're still knew some basic
ideas average just to start with we no further of course that this average situation would have to be
worked out much better we now not only that between can't use the the eye consumption of energies
much very different but also within the same kind to between sixteen regions uses yeah how much
space bailing should with new you know the do exist if
you had to be uh uh yeah and and autonomous
but it's what with the what the german scold badly enough as a specific that
uh uh uh so we need at some point understand that our system of thought
has changed in order just to find out and work out long some
that would buy a system of thought and system of in the scientific and cultural development lead
us to know how that's how much how we build 'cause building as we just said
is it important part of the problem building we consume
a lot of energy lots of resources and we have a c.
o. two uh emission which is also very important so um
it's just just to let you know how exciting things are how much far from are from the possibility to
to create a relatively eh um uh how you say a sustainable system
works too so we're getting into our our stuff right now architecture
we need a spin is meant to set limits to growth uh is
that a serious change in do you use of energy and material
yeah we need to have you know the techniques and norms in techniques in new regulations
but in in we need mainly to change the ways of life which is
what uh and and what just sit very clearly before people don't
want to change work where their way of life because it's something which
is very deeply rooted in the in the past and the present
architecture and planning are part of the process in fact here
you have a a like a is small uh
publicity interest page where you just say just make a little bit of
uh how does it created a captain freeze on writing back your it's great it's good to have
this idea for your backyard but in fact if we stay in fees image of the house
as a basic a cultural image will never be able to change
images are control media our culture that convey the wages wanna leave whatever
you want you can just fill it up with portable tight
this house will always make its inhabitants consume a lot of resources
this is part of our story so you want to change
our ways of live performance of a life forms of building would have to change it well how
let's go back to history uh am the to this of course is a
nice way to start always people have have nice images um we forget
of course we know everybody knows ability is translation of the two saying you know the first thing we have to do is to
centre cells and we forget though that in the to view
this as a it it deserted arianna stravinsky first translation
a they said a parable about the bonfire the the age that tried
it in the middle of the forest and they have to decide
with what they have to spend the night and they have to decide if they make a fire or they make it hot
and all the question about the human life is this equilibrium between this
balance between hot and or a fire energy and or shelter
architecture is the basis of the of this negotiation it always was about this negotiation is that right
so we take this little image or so finally people decided that building is important so they
started building the study making soldiers and we came up with a very big hot
in nineteen eighty fifty a the crystal palace which actually had the difference now is not only that
people the are sheltered by the oh they also shelter inside the commodities the things they consume
for the first time in history that was that is the biggest the first mall in history right yeah fortune doesn't exist anymore
and we weren't but we know now that at this moment this very moment they
the other two of the shelter and have to expose will have to
it should be in french will have to a door because the the object of consumption happened in
england in the in the nineteenth century him since then where these negatives buyer which is about
eh adoring the optics we consume and his object are the ones that
really consume a lot of energy as you know very well
so this is the way we made our lives easier
it came out uh also in other ways with the private life first
how is the beginning of modern architecture is when i'm home
morris's red house in england in a meeting fifty one
this is the private life as we said and then it is the public life and this is the flight
now we all see ourselves as fun or as people get bashed from our lawns having the right
the license and the right to go around and be you know watch
see the work change it's about the way of life right
and so architecture and planning very much translated informs into from just the
way we live to date a tourist visa from yeah that's right
after that then this century with another type of for for another series
another family forms that also conveyed the idea that we have there
a life to live which has to be open has to be saying it's about a help
it's about cars is about the movement it's about a fashion that this series of
of models that architecture systematically translated into
modes of life and vice versa
we are barred affect the architect or other contractual eh um carter
it's a very strong agent in this uh uh do in the development of
the nineteenth and twentieth century way of life it wouldn't have happened otherwise
but we are in fact some other today
i mean this is the way uh uh we are
artists sonya twenty century with the the the limits
of the the the excess of these the series of
uh the byproduct this we should be free
and beautiful and and this is where our program starts our
question therefore is how to get out of this
in terms of forms in terms of concepts in terms of spatial capacity
to leave in a way in in in in leipzig live lives
in in in systems make systems of lived to fundamentally different
and therefore
we posed to the groups of researchers that we'll see today
three questions first how should we nourish the hopes
for a new series of visions urbanism on planning on the city that would continue with
our how much you manage project how do we make sustainable it'll guess today
second is how about humanitarian agencies the to use got it it
was about hot uh but since then things haven't changed
and we're still in always as you know in the question of humanitarian aid will have sixty five million people
going around in the world to the refugees which is more than the victims of the second world war
ah so there's a few reasons to believe that there is a important
field of thought on the way eh things off to change and the third one is about are the measure
how would you would we today uh am imagining existence optimum in optimum
existence without excesses up or down of the of the past
in fact with a little bit of freedom and asking with a bit of use to
to forgive us we suggest that architecture and planning to they are not there
to protect
man from nature the actually there to protect major from
our reason to make architect to the has definitely
and profoundly changed things that in this century
the reason we're here is to see how these changes possible
how we can make it and interfaces how could make examples
and how can they create the general political eh
a component to the to the point that the politics that upon holders just said
how can we help this range part policy did the implemented in fact
therefore i welcome you here today into base a program of research
i hope you'll uh uh continue a following and i'm just gonna present now very quickly the
thank the only thing that we uh invited to
a accompanist doing the whole this whole process
yeah i'm starting by something down in the middle who is an engineer and organised is
a professor at the university price one researcher and very well known in a yeah
france and white conquer works about circular economy and uh
the uh all the the related eh feels
anybody who's a sociologist and the profession or uh that you what's
also nobody no noticeable opponent of in a in geneva
uh i'm dominic ball was a philosopher and the professional in their lives
and that's kind of what they and architects unprofessional in grenoble
or what's out there was an echo economist in westminster in on them and into
forked the was a landscape architect and the professor of the th in the
so uh we asked them to be with us today and in the fall
in sessions that we will be announced uh and the next months
in order to um see the first group of
teams that start up this program presenter works
eh discuss with them and help them develop better uh the research in order
to arrive at the end with some products that would be a him
well received useful and will certainly open to another series
of of project that would go on for

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Conference program

Panos MANTZIARAS, Directeur, Fondation Braillard Architectes
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:10 a.m.
Antonio HODGERS, Conseiller d’État chargé du département de l’aménagement, du logement et de l’énergie (DALE), République et canton de Genève
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:11 a.m.
Panos MANTZIARAS, Directeur, Fondation Braillard Architectes
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:24 a.m.
Philippe BONHÔTE // Ivan VUARAMBON, Architecte, professeur, Joint Master of Architecture, HES/GE-HEPIA // Architecte, chargé de missions auprès de la DDC
8 Dec. 2016 · 9:46 a.m.
Nicolas TIXIER // Jennifer BUYCK, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Architecte, maître de conférences, Institut d’urbanisme de Grenoble
8 Dec. 2016 · 10:15 a.m.
Dominique BOURG // Rémi BAUDOUI, Philosophe, professeur - Institut de géographie et durabilité, Faculté des géosciences et de l’environnement, Université de Lausanne // Sociologue, professeur - Département de science politique et relations internationales, Université de Genève
8 Dec. 2016 · 10:44 a.m.
Katharina SCHNEIDER ROSS // Marco GROSSMANN, Deputy Executive Director - Global Infrastructure Basel // Director Implementation Services - Global Infrastructure Basel
8 Dec. 2016 · 11:42 a.m.
Peter DROEGE, Architect, professor, Liechtenstein Institute for Strategic Development
8 Dec. 2016 · 12:08 p.m.
Pascal ROLLET // Robert SADLEIR, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Économiste - Westminster University
8 Dec. 2016 · 12:35 p.m.
Grégoire BIGNIER // Peggy GARCIA, Architecte-ingénieur, chercheur, Laboratoire LIAT, ENSAPM // Architecte, postgrade EPFL - Maître assistant associé, ENSAPM
8 Dec. 2016 · 2:52 p.m.
Alexander SCHMIDT, Architecte, professor - Institute of City Planning + Urban Design, University Duisburg-Essen
8 Dec. 2016 · 3:18 p.m.
Sabine BARLES // Gunther VOGT, Ingenieure, professeure - Universite Paris I, UMR Geo-Cites // Paysagiste, professeur?Institut fur Landschaftsarchitektur, ETHZ
8 Dec. 2016 · 3:49 p.m.
Frédéric BONNET, Architecte, professeur - Académie d’architecture, Mendrisio
8 Dec. 2016 · 5:10 p.m.
PAOLA VIGANÒ, Architecte-urbaniste, professeure EPFL et IUAV, directrice du laboratoire Lab-U/ EPFL, membre fondateur de l’agence Studio 16, Milan
8 Dec. 2016 · 5:43 p.m.
Pascal ROLLET // Günther VOGT, Architecte, professeur, École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble // Paysagiste, professeur Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur, ETHZ
8 Dec. 2016 · 6:13 p.m.
Reinier DE GRAAF, Architect - Office for Metropolitan Architecture, Rotterdam 8 DÉCEMBRE 2016
8 Dec. 2016 · 6:39 p.m.
Reinier DE GRAAF, Architect - Office for Metropolitan Architecture, Rotterdam 8 DÉCEMBRE 2016
8 Dec. 2016 · 7:21 p.m.

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