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oh
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i
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uh_huh
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so a lot more general permanently just i guess that much before
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him so i'm part of the team which is
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called the architect architecture of territory this is
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the chair of uh architecture in territory or data real planning at the th streak and
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they disliked by either assistant professor meet at the ballot which eh the project we're presenting
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here is part of a bigger research which has been concentrating on the european countryside
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eh the main problematic in the main idea of the chair is territory set their money station
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in our main entailed tension is to go beyond the decor to me of seating countryside
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and actually it's the explore and understand what is happening at the
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serious which are beyond the uh the borders of the cities
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and the so this particular project is entitled metropolitan countryside
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and that there might sound contradictory but in fact
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the it has been a very useful look term for
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us and in order to understand and explain
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and what is happening and up the broader um read metropolitan
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regions and territories of switzerland but also in general um
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you're so few words about um
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however to go beyond uh the dichotomy of urban and a rural division
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which is also are stressful to discuss the topic often suffocation
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so looking week um at this map which comes from a
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of recent statistics yours yours that we can see that
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the areas are classified as a blue are they mainly urban
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regions green are the made a rural regions um
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and there is a caller which is yellow which are
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actually the areas in between so intermediate regions where
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the population a reputation is between twenty and sixty
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percent uh checking more precisely what is happening
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in this board a view is classified as urban
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green is classified that's true there and everything in between is intermediate regions
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and more precisely in switzerland we can observe that is yellow caller
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is uh it really um beak let's say indicating that
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there is an urban territory beyond the city so what this
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territory is and how we can explore and understand it
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so it is so widely known that uh the last fifty
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years the population in switzerland uh almost doubled and then
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what is interesting is that this growth was actually not absorbed
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by the cities but rather by the countryside so by
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they small grain of the swiss territory which is to be found in the villages any in the u.
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c.s landscapes of course these uh growth had its impact a
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mean to the the land use ice it took
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place mainly and i at the coast of agricultural land mainly at this we split off the meat plant
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so taking us a an example for our exploration
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the metropolitan g. region of a lack lemon
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uh yeah we enter the at uh the discussion uh via the point
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of view of uh the city the city lines ever been
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portrait a that was a publication from studio but as a two
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thousand five were actually uh there was an effort to the
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conceptual lies in understand whole speech wouldn't uh an as an urban country
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so what was considered to rebel or what was considered remote
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was in this case under student classified as a bigger uh part
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of an urban network that covers the whole country so
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what is interesting for us is that a three uh let's say areas were
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classified as metropolitan regions this is like lemon as weak and buys it
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uh they say yes in this case work correctly rice uh it beyond the the um let's say
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the classical names of the cities so in this case geneva news on but rather as
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big elite say rooms territorial rooms that have absorbed croak an however
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checking precisely what is happening in the serious we can understand that uh this
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was a broad classifications so it's a a big stroke on the mark with a
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pink collar so i'm starting thinking through the perspective of the landscape of
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then beat of the countryside and there there is much potential to actually explore
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more and understand better the fine that shades a of this metropolitan region
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i am so our project actually uh it started as a
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series of campaigns see a research um research investigations
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at the landscapes of letterman which uh took form of the form of two semesters
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uh the first semester uh entitled to metropolitan
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countryside um started to explore and merging
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territorial patterns and landscape by politics of say in between landscape of the countryside
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the second semester um was more concerned about the governance of these landscapes
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aim as well as the an emergence of new social patterns
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uh so explain a little bit more um the first semester
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metropolitan countryside and was focusing on the fact that
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um let's say the beat footprint or the built fabric which is depicted in
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rate in this map um is let's say understood as a a an
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but the and the place where drove is absorbed but but what
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was interesting for us uh is to observe that in
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between let's say uh this red fabric there is a whole
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zone of landscape in agricultural land uh which extends
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so therefore um in this case what we were we try to do
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together with their students was actually to the king this um
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makes he predict landscape where um or by knitted together with landscape
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are creating and new technologies of habitation of this territory
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those were the case studies that were selected for the first investigation and moving to the next semester
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uh eh the main question here was to enter to uh the discussion through the
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very fine grain of the swiss territory uh the grain of the commune
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which is a talks about the government's this territory but also the valium
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uh let's say specific characteristics of identity and locality and either in terms
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of um uh the difference a local identity but also economy
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in this case different a case that this were selected a those were the communes
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so to relate more precisely with the um topic of um identification and uh
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and croak so through all of these investigations we came to three points
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so first of all is that a growth is not to be researched in the cities but actually
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in the countryside so despite the emphasis that has been given to compact cities anyway then suffocation
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in fact what we observed so far is that it is the small grain so the villages
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and the countryside that has absorbed a really a big person that's of this growth so
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these growth um is not many faced it uh in in big developments but rather it is manifest
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it as small low density settlements as this that traditional let's say uh say use of
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the territory villages or hamlets are actually transforming to something different which is always and not all
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blues and therefore we need to uh approach more precisely and understand what is happening there
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and third point is that and actually this growth uh
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took place at the coast of agricultural land
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of course and obviously consuming cute but also the
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other hand print using he predict patterns where
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i'll turret traditional settlements quick ceased with the air
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changing can transform can recapture agricultural lands
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uh so the points that i mentioned here depict it's a
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first point villages and the countryside are growing faster here
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we can see him up of a growth of the metropolitan countryside of letterman and it's kind of impressive
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that uh it with red actually it's not only jenny foreclose on that actually that much broader eighty of the
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metropolitan region of like lemon even what a it appears
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to the previous maps as kind of intact landscape
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second mark uh shows the and population distribution in this uh
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metropolitan countryside reflection on and it allows us to observe
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observe that actually all the area is covered by a
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very feeding a layer of low density in habitation
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and third come up uh depicts the new the transformation
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of landscapes so for sure we can understand
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that there was a big amount of agricultural land which was given to development but in
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parallel uh it there is also an agricultural land
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which remains a new uh sites but i'm
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actually changing can choose so transforming from a productive land to a different kind of landscape
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i will go through a few far case studies in order to illustrate a bit better with it
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uh what they just explain before i yeah trying actually to categorise this and i married
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five more minutes trying to categorise um eh this patterns i am
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so the first factor which was understood uh was a name as frozen capsule landscapes
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this is the case that probably do very well know what level uh
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where the historical protected landscape um declare us a protected unesco
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zone at the moment this mainly in hobby to test the commuters land here we can see the amount of people that
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everyday move to design in order to work um and carefully observing
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the structure of the traditional fee that's currently changing due to
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the cars that indicate this connection to the city but also
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due to the inner transformations uh of the actual beatings
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and same example at leave gauche but also about button name uh and
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where i'm strictly protected landscape uh it is actually at the moment
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uh hosting an inner transformation uh where traditional villages are actually turning
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to um see predict i apologise of ruben is new and
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different kind of actors uh a local into local airborne et cetera
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and then crows uh this protected and seemingly impact landscape
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and second pattern which we discovered cause then you countryside suburbia um
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a ball you might know very well a privileged license shapes with you to the lake mainly connected to
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the infrastructure are transforming to sleeping towns and uh
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i'm commuters finances um related to the cities
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uh here we can see the greed of the v. let's that connects
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very well to to the highway main like a channel you think
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all the people to the big cities an apology that uh is quite important is what we called export
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it's prone this is mainly condition which is weakness all along the borders of switch around in france
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a well known example is a solution you pretty heats close to search um
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parallel to the explosion of geneva with the creation of certain um there
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was a whole land and the whole market uh of um kind
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of less affair development in order to host actually growth that at
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the moment geneva could not that sort of a century now
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similar case i'm witnessing actually that all pressures
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for a growth and uh then suffocation
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that save geneva are rather exported to the other side of the border
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and then also without thought um and it's uh i didn't
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the case that uh this growth is absorbed by
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the small scale of the territory so small settlements float thinking a green see if a coach aligned
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um and shortly concluding the um other kind of landscapes as a border
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economists lucian me so really close to the border france and switzerland
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hold valet valid issue traditionally producing the clocks today becomes one
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of the main destinations of commuters from france um
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and uh oh for sure i'm here we can see the prince sort of real
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estate so how also this same file a at the top of the
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he's is actually absorbing the pressure for housing uh which cannot be absorbed in
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lower altitudes due to the rise of the prices um so maybe
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i get an um the guys before mentioned a resource
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landscape so a big protected latin skates um
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which are crucial uh for uh the water for the arm as
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a to be characterised as natural natural mineral resource actually um
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provide the perfect multi for preservation of big of big batches
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of landscape so concluding call this first part uh it
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still working pro progress but our effort is to actually create or refine
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these markets to do basil had provided for this region mainly
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by pointing out these very particular new patterns of habitation between um
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let's say this you predict form of a sickly countryside um
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landscape organ habitation yeah yeah so as for um let's say
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uh first tape 'em is mopping this particular patterns second step is how to operate
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and how to design and and if i still have effects that have some
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minutes two minutes yes i will show you mean uh um so we have to
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diplomas dealing with this idea so on this identify technologies trying to operate
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and propose some projects uh the first the diploma is called the book as in
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the police and it's going to be presented in december at the th and
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maybe we'll show you only this one so the bow cash mccall police um
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is actually dealing uh with a very well known very well described landscape
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and the surrounding landscape of geneva a this is a landscape which has historically
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been very much described very much explained through the point of view of
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the landscape and therefore almost constructed as an urban let's say you mean
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a construction i want to put a point out in the siemens
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this line of trees which is the traditional focus and wash we we meet
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further so in the same way that landscape has been depicted in
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discussed uh in painting can photography in the same way um there is
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a tradition of discussing a landscape around geneva in planning here
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we have the example of the uh plumb design from bob please play yeah
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in thirty six actually think um where actually the idea is that
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the whole city should operate together with its landscape and i would like
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to point out your intention to these the mean caller so uh
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what play yeah it is proposing in this plan is mainly one layer which
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is between the city and the countryside uh what he uh he
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calls it does um let's say public space urban public space with as
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a kind of grew marriages together to see in its territory
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in contrast to they couldn't planning conditions which on one hand are
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um come a artistic distinguishing the c. t. um and its
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surrounding the frozen landscape protected by the surface the soul amount into
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a city which is a subject to inner than suffocation
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i hear also you straight to the contradiction of the scheme of a very
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protected let's say for a c. t. object to diversification frozen landscape and then
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kind of let's say fair strategy of cross intensification exported beyond the borders
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um so what this project is trying to do is actually to really discuss
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uh the potential of using this landscape as a subject of um
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strategies including ecology but also been suffocation uh observe ink
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um particular agricultural lands that at the moment
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not being classified as so fast the so the more are absorbing everybody who's
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um so they can could profit the for the the underlying potential off the bill cash isn't
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it was which is an infrastructure which is already
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there um framing spaces and directing them
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let's say movements at this landscape um this project wants to discuss
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this idea of the cash so these rows of trees
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a defining landscape rooms either for laser or for agricultural land
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as a possibility uh it for the directive uh
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for new development um and also than suffocation so what if i actually uh these book
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as a was witnessed or was understood this an opportunity not only to bring
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ecology back into this landscape but rather to propose hickory he brit
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urban ecology what's uh combines along its lines um new functions
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um and then see a density than suffocation not only of build environment but rather to offer
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more should be the conditions that may be respected response more condition which is already there

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Conference program

Présentation de la journée de séminaire
Panos Mantziaras, Directeur de la Fondation Braillard Architectes
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:09 a.m.
Allocution
Sylvain Ferreti, Directeur des services d’urbanisme du Canton de Genève
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:14 a.m.
Densuisse - recherche prospective sur la densification de l’espace urbain suisse
Anne Veuthey, Géographe, fondation Braillard architectes
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:28 a.m.
Densuisse Part 2 - Urban forms, typologies and ways of life
Laurence Beuchat, Architecte, fondation Braillard architectes
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:44 a.m.
Densuisse Part 3 - La métropole Alpino-Lémanique
Roberto Sega & Antoine Vialle
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:59 a.m.
Densuisse Part 4 - Metropolitan countryside
Metaxia Markaki, Architecte
30 Nov. 2017 · 10:25 a.m.
Densuisse Part 5 - Cores & edges (2016) - Levels, landscape and infrastructures (2017)
Frédéric BONNET, Architecte, professeur - Académie d’architecture, Mendrisio
30 Nov. 2017 · 10:44 a.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet Densuisse
Dominique Bourg & Günther Vogt, Resp: Philosophe, professeur - institut de géographie et durabilité, Faculté des géosciences et de l’environnement, Unil - Paysagiste, professeur Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur, EPFZ
30 Nov. 2017 · 11:04 a.m.
Projet Atlas - Atlas de développement durable pour l’espace alpin
Peter DROEGE, Architect, professor, Liechtenstein Institute for Strategic Development
30 Nov. 2017 · 11:53 a.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet Atlas
Robert Sadleir & Günther Vogt
30 Nov. 2017 · 12:10 p.m.
The «healthy city» as an unrealised potential theory and didactics of concrete utopia design
Stéphane Sadoux, Directeur laboratoire cultures constructives, Grenoble school of architecture, université Grenoble Alpes
30 Nov. 2017 · 12:20 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet «healthy city»
Rémi Baudouï & Robert Sadleir
30 Nov. 2017 · 12:53 p.m.
Construire la ville circulaire
Marion Gardier & Coralie Coutellec
30 Nov. 2017 · 2:50 p.m.
Scenarios for a collaborative city - sustainable utopia of the polycentric ruhr
Alexander SCHMIDT, Architecte, professor - Institute of City Planning + Urban Design, University Duisburg-Essen
30 Nov. 2017 · 3:21 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet sustainable utopia of the polycentric ruhr
Pascal Rollet & Günther Vogt
30 Nov. 2017 · 3:46 p.m.
Composite metabolic landscapes: The case of the greater Luxembourg region
Nikos Katsikis, Architecture postdoctoral researcher, University of Luxembourg
30 Nov. 2017 · 3:59 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet greater Luxembourg region
Sabine Barles & Robert Sadleir
30 Nov. 2017 · 4:20 p.m.
Abris d’urgence à Genève
Philippe Bonhôte, Guillaume Roux-Fouillet, Nadia Carlevaro & Tedros Yosef
30 Nov. 2017 · 4:46 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet Abris d’urgence à Genève
Dominique Bourg & Pascal Rollet
30 Nov. 2017 · 5:09 p.m.
Jaipur 2035: la place de l’eau dans la patrimonialisation urbaine
Rémi Papillault & Savitri Jalais
30 Nov. 2017 · 5:22 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet Jaipur 2035
Pascal Rollet, Sabine Barles
30 Nov. 2017 · 5:45 p.m.
Résumé et conclusion
Bernard Declève & Panos Mantziaras
30 Nov. 2017 · 5:57 p.m.

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