Embed code
Note: this content has been automatically generated.
so a lot more general permanently just i guess that much before
him so i'm part of the team which is
called the architect architecture of territory this is
the chair of uh architecture in territory or data real planning at the th streak and
they disliked by either assistant professor meet at the ballot which eh the project we're presenting
here is part of a bigger research which has been concentrating on the european countryside
eh the main problematic in the main idea of the chair is territory set their money station
in our main entailed tension is to go beyond the decor to me of seating countryside
and actually it's the explore and understand what is happening at the
serious which are beyond the uh the borders of the cities
and the so this particular project is entitled metropolitan countryside
and that there might sound contradictory but in fact
the it has been a very useful look term for
us and in order to understand and explain
and what is happening and up the broader um read metropolitan
regions and territories of switzerland but also in general um
you're so few words about um
however to go beyond uh the dichotomy of urban and a rural division
which is also are stressful to discuss the topic often suffocation
so looking week um at this map which comes from a
of recent statistics yours yours that we can see that
the areas are classified as a blue are they mainly urban
regions green are the made a rural regions um
and there is a caller which is yellow which are
actually the areas in between so intermediate regions where
the population a reputation is between twenty and sixty
percent uh checking more precisely what is happening
in this board a view is classified as urban
green is classified that's true there and everything in between is intermediate regions
and more precisely in switzerland we can observe that is yellow caller
is uh it really um beak let's say indicating that
there is an urban territory beyond the city so what this
territory is and how we can explore and understand it
so it is so widely known that uh the last fifty
years the population in switzerland uh almost doubled and then
what is interesting is that this growth was actually not absorbed
by the cities but rather by the countryside so by
they small grain of the swiss territory which is to be found in the villages any in the u.
c.s landscapes of course these uh growth had its impact a
mean to the the land use ice it took
place mainly and i at the coast of agricultural land mainly at this we split off the meat plant
so taking us a an example for our exploration
the metropolitan g. region of a lack lemon
uh yeah we enter the at uh the discussion uh via the point
of view of uh the city the city lines ever been
portrait a that was a publication from studio but as a two
thousand five were actually uh there was an effort to the
conceptual lies in understand whole speech wouldn't uh an as an urban country
so what was considered to rebel or what was considered remote
was in this case under student classified as a bigger uh part
of an urban network that covers the whole country so
what is interesting for us is that a three uh let's say areas were
classified as metropolitan regions this is like lemon as weak and buys it
uh they say yes in this case work correctly rice uh it beyond the the um let's say
the classical names of the cities so in this case geneva news on but rather as
big elite say rooms territorial rooms that have absorbed croak an however
checking precisely what is happening in the serious we can understand that uh this
was a broad classifications so it's a a big stroke on the mark with a
pink collar so i'm starting thinking through the perspective of the landscape of
then beat of the countryside and there there is much potential to actually explore
more and understand better the fine that shades a of this metropolitan region
i am so our project actually uh it started as a
series of campaigns see a research um research investigations
at the landscapes of letterman which uh took form of the form of two semesters
uh the first semester uh entitled to metropolitan
countryside um started to explore and merging
territorial patterns and landscape by politics of say in between landscape of the countryside
the second semester um was more concerned about the governance of these landscapes
aim as well as the an emergence of new social patterns
uh so explain a little bit more um the first semester
metropolitan countryside and was focusing on the fact that
um let's say the beat footprint or the built fabric which is depicted in
rate in this map um is let's say understood as a a an
but the and the place where drove is absorbed but but what
was interesting for us uh is to observe that in
between let's say uh this red fabric there is a whole
zone of landscape in agricultural land uh which extends
so therefore um in this case what we were we try to do
together with their students was actually to the king this um
makes he predict landscape where um or by knitted together with landscape
are creating and new technologies of habitation of this territory
those were the case studies that were selected for the first investigation and moving to the next semester
uh eh the main question here was to enter to uh the discussion through the
very fine grain of the swiss territory uh the grain of the commune
which is a talks about the government's this territory but also the valium
uh let's say specific characteristics of identity and locality and either in terms
of um uh the difference a local identity but also economy
in this case different a case that this were selected a those were the communes
so to relate more precisely with the um topic of um identification and uh
and croak so through all of these investigations we came to three points
so first of all is that a growth is not to be researched in the cities but actually
in the countryside so despite the emphasis that has been given to compact cities anyway then suffocation
in fact what we observed so far is that it is the small grain so the villages
and the countryside that has absorbed a really a big person that's of this growth so
these growth um is not many faced it uh in in big developments but rather it is manifest
it as small low density settlements as this that traditional let's say uh say use of
the territory villages or hamlets are actually transforming to something different which is always and not all
blues and therefore we need to uh approach more precisely and understand what is happening there
and third point is that and actually this growth uh
took place at the coast of agricultural land
of course and obviously consuming cute but also the
other hand print using he predict patterns where
i'll turret traditional settlements quick ceased with the air
changing can transform can recapture agricultural lands
uh so the points that i mentioned here depict it's a
first point villages and the countryside are growing faster here
we can see him up of a growth of the metropolitan countryside of letterman and it's kind of impressive
that uh it with red actually it's not only jenny foreclose on that actually that much broader eighty of the
metropolitan region of like lemon even what a it appears
to the previous maps as kind of intact landscape
second mark uh shows the and population distribution in this uh
metropolitan countryside reflection on and it allows us to observe
observe that actually all the area is covered by a
very feeding a layer of low density in habitation
and third come up uh depicts the new the transformation
of landscapes so for sure we can understand
that there was a big amount of agricultural land which was given to development but in
parallel uh it there is also an agricultural land
which remains a new uh sites but i'm
actually changing can choose so transforming from a productive land to a different kind of landscape
i will go through a few far case studies in order to illustrate a bit better with it
uh what they just explain before i yeah trying actually to categorise this and i married
five more minutes trying to categorise um eh this patterns i am
so the first factor which was understood uh was a name as frozen capsule landscapes
this is the case that probably do very well know what level uh
where the historical protected landscape um declare us a protected unesco
zone at the moment this mainly in hobby to test the commuters land here we can see the amount of people that
everyday move to design in order to work um and carefully observing
the structure of the traditional fee that's currently changing due to
the cars that indicate this connection to the city but also
due to the inner transformations uh of the actual beatings
and same example at leave gauche but also about button name uh and
where i'm strictly protected landscape uh it is actually at the moment
uh hosting an inner transformation uh where traditional villages are actually turning
to um see predict i apologise of ruben is new and
different kind of actors uh a local into local airborne et cetera
and then crows uh this protected and seemingly impact landscape
and second pattern which we discovered cause then you countryside suburbia um
a ball you might know very well a privileged license shapes with you to the lake mainly connected to
the infrastructure are transforming to sleeping towns and uh
i'm commuters finances um related to the cities
uh here we can see the greed of the v. let's that connects
very well to to the highway main like a channel you think
all the people to the big cities an apology that uh is quite important is what we called export
it's prone this is mainly condition which is weakness all along the borders of switch around in france
a well known example is a solution you pretty heats close to search um
parallel to the explosion of geneva with the creation of certain um there
was a whole land and the whole market uh of um kind
of less affair development in order to host actually growth that at
the moment geneva could not that sort of a century now
similar case i'm witnessing actually that all pressures
for a growth and uh then suffocation
that save geneva are rather exported to the other side of the border
and then also without thought um and it's uh i didn't
the case that uh this growth is absorbed by
the small scale of the territory so small settlements float thinking a green see if a coach aligned
um and shortly concluding the um other kind of landscapes as a border
economists lucian me so really close to the border france and switzerland
hold valet valid issue traditionally producing the clocks today becomes one
of the main destinations of commuters from france um
and uh oh for sure i'm here we can see the prince sort of real
estate so how also this same file a at the top of the
he's is actually absorbing the pressure for housing uh which cannot be absorbed in
lower altitudes due to the rise of the prices um so maybe
i get an um the guys before mentioned a resource
landscape so a big protected latin skates um
which are crucial uh for uh the water for the arm as
a to be characterised as natural natural mineral resource actually um
provide the perfect multi for preservation of big of big batches
of landscape so concluding call this first part uh it
still working pro progress but our effort is to actually create or refine
these markets to do basil had provided for this region mainly
by pointing out these very particular new patterns of habitation between um
let's say this you predict form of a sickly countryside um
landscape organ habitation yeah yeah so as for um let's say
uh first tape 'em is mopping this particular patterns second step is how to operate
and how to design and and if i still have effects that have some
minutes two minutes yes i will show you mean uh um so we have to
diplomas dealing with this idea so on this identify technologies trying to operate
and propose some projects uh the first the diploma is called the book as in
the police and it's going to be presented in december at the th and
maybe we'll show you only this one so the bow cash mccall police um
is actually dealing uh with a very well known very well described landscape
and the surrounding landscape of geneva a this is a landscape which has historically
been very much described very much explained through the point of view of
the landscape and therefore almost constructed as an urban let's say you mean
a construction i want to put a point out in the siemens
this line of trees which is the traditional focus and wash we we meet
further so in the same way that landscape has been depicted in
discussed uh in painting can photography in the same way um there is
a tradition of discussing a landscape around geneva in planning here
we have the example of the uh plumb design from bob please play yeah
in thirty six actually think um where actually the idea is that
the whole city should operate together with its landscape and i would like
to point out your intention to these the mean caller so uh
what play yeah it is proposing in this plan is mainly one layer which
is between the city and the countryside uh what he uh he
calls it does um let's say public space urban public space with as
a kind of grew marriages together to see in its territory
in contrast to they couldn't planning conditions which on one hand are
um come a artistic distinguishing the c. t. um and its
surrounding the frozen landscape protected by the surface the soul amount into
a city which is a subject to inner than suffocation
i hear also you straight to the contradiction of the scheme of a very
protected let's say for a c. t. object to diversification frozen landscape and then
kind of let's say fair strategy of cross intensification exported beyond the borders
um so what this project is trying to do is actually to really discuss
uh the potential of using this landscape as a subject of um
strategies including ecology but also been suffocation uh observe ink
um particular agricultural lands that at the moment
not being classified as so fast the so the more are absorbing everybody who's
um so they can could profit the for the the underlying potential off the bill cash isn't
it was which is an infrastructure which is already
there um framing spaces and directing them
let's say movements at this landscape um this project wants to discuss
this idea of the cash so these rows of trees
a defining landscape rooms either for laser or for agricultural land
as a possibility uh it for the directive uh
for new development um and also than suffocation so what if i actually uh these book
as a was witnessed or was understood this an opportunity not only to bring
ecology back into this landscape but rather to propose hickory he brit
urban ecology what's uh combines along its lines um new functions
um and then see a density than suffocation not only of build environment but rather to offer
more should be the conditions that may be respected response more condition which is already there

Share this talk: 

Conference program

Présentation de la journée de séminaire
Panos Mantziaras, Directeur de la Fondation Braillard Architectes
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:09 a.m.
Sylvain Ferreti, Directeur des services d’urbanisme du Canton de Genève
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:14 a.m.
Densuisse - recherche prospective sur la densification de l’espace urbain suisse
Anne Veuthey, Géographe, fondation Braillard architectes
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:28 a.m.
Densuisse Part 2 - Urban forms, typologies and ways of life
Laurence Beuchat, Architecte, fondation Braillard architectes
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:44 a.m.
Densuisse Part 3 - La métropole Alpino-Lémanique
Roberto Sega & Antoine Vialle
30 Nov. 2017 · 9:59 a.m.
Densuisse Part 4 - Metropolitan countryside
Metaxia Markaki, Architecte
30 Nov. 2017 · 10:25 a.m.
Densuisse Part 5 - Cores & edges (2016) - Levels, landscape and infrastructures (2017)
Frédéric BONNET, Architecte, professeur - Académie d’architecture, Mendrisio
30 Nov. 2017 · 10:44 a.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet Densuisse
Dominique Bourg & Günther Vogt, Resp: Philosophe, professeur - institut de géographie et durabilité, Faculté des géosciences et de l’environnement, Unil - Paysagiste, professeur Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur, EPFZ
30 Nov. 2017 · 11:04 a.m.
Projet Atlas - Atlas de développement durable pour l’espace alpin
Peter DROEGE, Architect, professor, Liechtenstein Institute for Strategic Development
30 Nov. 2017 · 11:53 a.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet Atlas
Robert Sadleir & Günther Vogt
30 Nov. 2017 · 12:10 p.m.
The «healthy city» as an unrealised potential theory and didactics of concrete utopia design
Stéphane Sadoux, Directeur laboratoire cultures constructives, Grenoble school of architecture, université Grenoble Alpes
30 Nov. 2017 · 12:20 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet «healthy city»
Rémi Baudouï & Robert Sadleir
30 Nov. 2017 · 12:53 p.m.
Construire la ville circulaire
Marion Gardier & Coralie Coutellec
30 Nov. 2017 · 2:50 p.m.
Scenarios for a collaborative city - sustainable utopia of the polycentric ruhr
Alexander SCHMIDT, Architecte, professor - Institute of City Planning + Urban Design, University Duisburg-Essen
30 Nov. 2017 · 3:21 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet sustainable utopia of the polycentric ruhr
Pascal Rollet & Günther Vogt
30 Nov. 2017 · 3:46 p.m.
Composite metabolic landscapes: The case of the greater Luxembourg region
Nikos Katsikis, Architecture postdoctoral researcher, University of Luxembourg
30 Nov. 2017 · 3:59 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet greater Luxembourg region
Sabine Barles & Robert Sadleir
30 Nov. 2017 · 4:20 p.m.
Abris d’urgence à Genève
Philippe Bonhôte, Guillaume Roux-Fouillet, Nadia Carlevaro & Tedros Yosef
30 Nov. 2017 · 4:46 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet Abris d’urgence à Genève
Dominique Bourg & Pascal Rollet
30 Nov. 2017 · 5:09 p.m.
Jaipur 2035: la place de l’eau dans la patrimonialisation urbaine
Rémi Papillault & Savitri Jalais
30 Nov. 2017 · 5:22 p.m.
Réponses / analyses du projet Jaipur 2035
Pascal Rollet, Sabine Barles
30 Nov. 2017 · 5:45 p.m.
Résumé et conclusion
Bernard Declève & Panos Mantziaras
30 Nov. 2017 · 5:57 p.m.

Recommended talks

Christian ARNSPERGER, Economiste, directeur de l’Institut de Géographie et Durabilité, faculté des Géosciences et de l’Environnement, Université de Lausanne
20 Sept. 2017 · 9:59 a.m.
La Suisse face à l'IA
Laurent Alexandre, Chirurgien, spécialiste des NBIC, e-santé et bioéthique, auteur de "La mort de la mort" et "La guerre des intelligences", fondateur de Doctissimo
15 March 2018 · 5:41 p.m.