Psychomotor Development in Children Prenatally Exposed to Methadone
G. Grand-Guillaume-Perrenoud, Pediatrics, Children's University Hospital Geneva
mardi, 10 janvier 2017
Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been accepted as therapy for opioid-addicted pregnant women since several decades. Previous studies indicate increased risk of psychomotor dif culties in children prenatally exposed to opioids. Conclusion: During the first two years of life, neurodevelopmental outcome of children born from MMT mothers tended to be lower than normative mean, with motor abilities being more affected than cognitive competences. Our results suggest that higher methadone doses during pregnancy can have a detrimental effect on neonatal characteristics and children psychomotor development.