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thank you very much and thank you very much uh john do an email for giving
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me this opportunity to address a few words to this uh audience sport future rendezvous
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people have a rendezvous with our future
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what will the future be like
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when we think about the future we do that from the presence the present with history
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about um fourteen billion years ago or universe began and form the basis of our present future
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living on a tiny speck of mass floating
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in these last and fast expanding universe
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making predictions is very hazardous and ever circling on such time scales
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but even within the limited time scales
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um that we are concerned with productions are still very hard to make
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physiologist thought for example that mount everest could not be climbs without bottled
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oxygen because of the lack of barometric pressure but messer and harder
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they proved us wrong in nineteen seventy eight
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also many scientists predicted that running a marathon
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in less than two hours is impossible
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well last saturday tell you to keep so get all almost it
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missing the two hour mark by a mere twenty five seconds which is a fraction of a percent
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it illustrates how strong combination of the right talent training and settings can create
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strong symbolism around and in essence arbitrary obstacle but this can fascinate us
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just like mount everest is just about as high as the human species can climb
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without deleting oxygen from bottles it to our marathon seems to represent the physiological limits
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to the human species that only some extreme outlier can approach
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this fascination brick streams in human endeavour and especially in sports
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that measure performance in seconds and grams and meters
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will inevitably level out and stop being meaningful
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why simply because even though we can expect other outliers like the amazing you sign bold
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or you'd get should be to improve the records somewhat uh the hundred
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meter dash or the marathon will never be run in zero seconds
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our reckon breaking era will end just file everything out
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colleagues have model that is will likely happen in a mere twenty to fifty years from now
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depending on the sport with this influence the future of the sports but given the history
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of modern sport over some hundred years or so fifty years would seem a lot
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that they will be important changes with the seem likely given the
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present dynamics of the world in general that sports in particular
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choosing another time scale that of our species almost options
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we appeared some two hundred thousand years ago
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what is important to realise is that for most of the time not much change in the ways we went about our daily lives
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expressed in a percentage only three percent to go we started forming became civilised
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zero point one percent ago we started industrial education in nowadays major technological changes six
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each other we devise panels of the needed individual lasting only fraction of percent
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yeah what is striking is the acceleration of strange getting it feeling
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of uncertainty about where this rapidly changing world will go
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on may twenty seven two thousand fifteen just before dawn seven high ranking fee file officials
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are rested at the prestigious hotel bar on the lake i'm sorry can switzerland
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their presence is related to the election of said doctor fourth fifth term as a president
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event is another one in a series of loudly media tie scandals around corruption lack of proper governments
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this was the rest the subjects on behalf of the us judicial
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system the letter have collected evidence suggesting wide scale corruption correctly
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says with money transmitting through you was bank accounts which provide
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the legal how hoops to make the case in switzerland
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several the suspect are extradited to us and hand it over to the local you disagree
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in the following months it appears that the problems of mismanagement are and then it
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it wasn't the first time it was out into winter games in salt lake city were bought time aside on fifteen use present
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of the international federation of weightlifting could not explain to disappearing of five million euros obtained from the i. u. c.
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roebuck also obtain thirty three million commission during is twenty fewer young twenty
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three twenty four year long presidency of the international volley ball association
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as a new stuff vice president of the handle federation gave himself a nice five for the person's salary increases
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and more recently i a. f. scandals also showed how rough high ranking officials
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seem more interested in money then sport and this anthology is largely incomplete
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just only mentioning some i cases that came to the limelight as a chip of a largely hidden eyes perk
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and these are just a few examples of a seemingly accelerating series of revelations of
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all the negative aspects of sports hoping match
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fixing illegal betting correction violence discrimination
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no but i station professional association in comedy to creation of that to like dynamics
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in which conflicting forces lead to both excesses and calls for change
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also more integrity more ethics and is shown you just mentioned
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this led to what some not even call new industry
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but what is just as integrity i think's all about are we
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sure that we're talking about the same concepts i don't
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think so it seems to be quite some confusion and misunderstanding
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and certainly also window dressing highly polished the size settings
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hypocrisy we have to make it is human trait we are all the pockets
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the question is where to draw the line and how to organise things so as we
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share them and to them to what is this call for integrity about internet excel
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well x. at its simplest is a system of moral principles
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the influence our decisions and how we view our lives underlies with
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others it concerns are moral decisions was glued what is bad
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it can change the language of right and wrong is about writes
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its about responsibilities it's how to live a good life
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sounds kind of simple huh
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well it isn't the boundaries of what is ethical i'm not necessarily clear under under influence
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of culture enhanced time it change philosophers have been debating on i think since ever
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this is results in in useful framework for enquire read it
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can help us to address problems it present moral dilemmas
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but philosophy does not necessarily get us ready made answers here is a famous
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example to illustrate the point imagine you're standing next to a level
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there's a runaway troll dialling down the railway tracks had all
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the tracks there's five people tied up unable to move
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it probably is headed straight for them if you pull the lever
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you can switch the trolley to a different set of tracks however you notice that there is one person on the side
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you are confronted with a lemon nothing the five people main track will get killed
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we had a white patrolling on the side track and it only kills one person
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but it turns out that the majority of you would choose to kill one to say five but not all
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now imagine instead of standing next to the lever you're standing next
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to a fact person on the bridge over the track if
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you push the fact man from the bridge on the track you can gain stop the trolley from killing five people
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but now only a minority of you will choose to push the fat one over on the bridge
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even though the simple arithmetic would agree to this act it is just to say
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ah well many variations of this probably the lemma exist and have contributed to clarify
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the underlying difficult questions how can they help us to make difficult decisions
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no you may remark is all theory useless academic planner
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but it is not think about the future i mean try for less cars are
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there and we have to problem and these cars to make exactly these decisions
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moral ambiguity is and will remain right this is also the case in sports on the playing field and around
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in several very pregnant contemporary examples will be late on the date it this morning
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what has uh integrity have to do with all of that and what actually is integrity
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well the word integrity is used in many meanings integrity may for example re for prefer to be chew to maintenance
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of identity keeping to some core values it made us with
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for individuals with respecting to keeping true to themselves
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but does that such integrity does not lessen their necessarily
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mean acting morally that personal integrity might act immoral
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important this is also true for organisations
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the word is also used to refer to moral integrity which relates to keeping two
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seconds a certain set the shared values that make sense in space in time
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so this guy vacations are essential because it's perfectly possible to imagine a sport for
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initiation that as a body is up right and acts in a coherent manner
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but is involved in activities with consequences that becomes consider it more
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charles chaplin mentioned examples of where reflection and action is necessary cheating
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much fiction it's fixing hoping hooliganism gigantic isn't bribery corruption
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these areas attention pose many ethical dilemmas that need well reasoned broadly accepted decisions
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right now the diagnostic is still a lack of sufficiently high
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standards of moral integrity in the world of organised sport
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your original international federation's most of them dating from the times of amateur
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sport and founded on the principle of volunteer work by sports lovers
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have shown not to be capable to change among the maelstrom of commercial association and
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put a season of top sport over the last fifty or so years
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enormous financial growth of the sport sector in large part
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the consequence of this spectacular increase in broadcasting revenues
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was not accompanied by the so necessary structural changes in the organisational structures
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the same time the old ideal of the ah aristocrat amateur
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sportsman from it was not done too seriously train
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was completely replaced by the professional athlete from the olympic marco faster higher stronger is taking this route
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the winner takes all culture developed with all the slippery slopes toward the opening match fixing and
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the instrument at the liberation of sports and athletes for the political and other girls
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despite these troubled waters the ideal of yours for to still held high and is used but also misuse
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the mother affixes asked to be in the supplements
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and impossible ideal creature of impeccable status and
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rather even better well some manager it's only manage
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continue violating all imaginable law wasn't commandments
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justice for politics in general also sports politics is not
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free from large doses of metabolism and hypocrisy
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so the good reasons to look for ways to improve looking back at all
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that went wrong in saying that much still goes wrong today is important
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it will help us in finding the right recipes for structural changes that reduce the probability of future feelings
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applying good principles of governance in and introduction of more transparency
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and more robust control mechanisms will likely be of help
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there's still a lot you may be clear but they're also signs that there is movement in the right direction
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although politics are marked the request for autonomy of sport
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favourably for a long time increasingly there is legislation
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but is also applicable to the world sport but conflicts of interest may lead to slowing up the pace
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the trepidation of switzerland to with that it's small also has to do with the
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fact that the majority of international for the reasons have their headquarters here
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so yes i think we can all agree that improvement is necessary but it is important to
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discuss what exactly we understand on improvements improvement
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is by definition situated in the future
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and implies being different from what was prior so improvement
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is looking ahead look to works the horizon
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but horizons of improvement can become cluttered with ideology
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once improvement does that been convinced that the new way will be better
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it is a promise that things will improve and this takes time
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but in real time many things happen and not all the changes will necessarily be improvements
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the ideal at the bases for change in order to improve something
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may take on new token dimensions in the sense that the problems is not releasable
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such is not without danger because it can lead to a gold justifies the means dynamic
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with out of proportion changes that potentially can lead to negative even though unintended side effects
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step four important to ask the questions where we are heading in the long term
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how will global sports governments look like in the future where will today's dynamics beat us to
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they can readily be forces heard that there's a need for more global governance in sport
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two thousand one coffee and and at that time secretary general of the united nations
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appointed the foremost was present adults will be as special adviser on sport for that and and please
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this function was taken over two thousand about if we plan go to step down last year
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for the time being the activities of this united nations office on sports for development and
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he's are limited to the promotion of sport as a vehicle for positive social change
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but now that we're confronted to all the scandals him problems should be
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perhaps start thinking about extending this mandate with regulation and control
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or should be created united nations office on sports and crime office it
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cleans up with the help of interpol and the national executive powers
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us uh started played a major role into the musky of the management fee for
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this brings me to the dynamics of dropping an anti dumping all
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the problematic surround sport governments and organisations such as the for
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r. a. f. and interactions with politics of state searchers russia kenya you would say
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sure this dynamics ask for action it's badly needed
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but an important question is what exactly needs to be done sure enough better
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principles of management more transparency more robust control mechanisms are again you
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but some restraint is perhaps also abuse the principle
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of minimum regulation is also here applicable
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with regard to these dynamics of dumping scandals big automatically to the request for more means
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for repression and i'm not only an elite sport but also an amateur score
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in this case it looks can be deceiving you talking promise of adopting
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free sport for all brings about the climate of goal justifies mean
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the question whether this dynamic might not lead to more problem than it prevents is the relevant one
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is a full blown war on dropping really a good idea is the direction we are taking the
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right one or is it morphing into with dangers utopian idea there's a precedent here too
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it's our disastrous experience with the war on products started in the sixties by mixing and then reinforced
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by reagan and bush bush with the help of an increasing number of other heads of state
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this one rocks was made possible to buy a very conservative united nations office on drugs and crime
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making it very difficult for you and member states to experiment with alternative ways of dealing with work
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these experiences make one think that a global governance of sport could lead to unintended side
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effects if it would choose and rely simple goals perhaps we should tread carefully
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but in the meantime video is on its way yes i would begin looking forward to the world cup two
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thousand eighteen and we used games here it was on in twenty twenty just to name a few
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i certainly look forward but perhaps not anymore exactly with the same naive excitation
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is our experience as a kid in the sixties of last century when
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i joined so much looking at those passionate semi amateurs with limited means that
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their utmost best are we nowadays forgetting that actually so just humans
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can a champion just be and remain move manage just human
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sport was split but it's sport steel plate
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some people think google is a matter of life and death are
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you sure you which much more serious than that though shanty
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yes it's complicated and there's a lot of room for improvement this will take time and effort and ask for
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transparency and democracy in exchange between sports organisations governments and
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euros actually it's actor spectators but also the academics
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but it was an area is rich for expresses a both actors and academic no
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recently the university of lausanne launched a campus wide platform for sports
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signs between all faculties from theology through more to molecular biology
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this platform is extended with the expertise from other big players into the manic area
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such as the e. p. f. l. and other academic institutions uh in the future in something called smart new
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the idea is to make access to academic expertise easier for
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those grappling with difficult questions one good example is rats
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research expertise not that hoping sciences competence back from this event i'd hoping that
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by former was an attack hoping that director professional professor marshall so she
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this platform provide service to organisations for questions related to the we could open problem
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given all the different challenges ahead for global sports such initiatives are necessary in order to
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provide is the best tools to build our future and a specific our future sport
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to return to the greater perspective of the future of humankind which
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sports just one aspect of its dynamics it's relevant to underline
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the utmost importance of two major technological breakthrough
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two major heretic magic changes are underway right now they
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will profoundly change the ways of our world
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one is the ongoing biomedical revolution and especially are increasing mastery of the genetic cool
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yes the the general attitude on tinkering our own genetic code
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was um rather uh don't go there today this clearly sting it's not
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anymore requesting of if but a question of when and how
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the other thing is that changes with regard to artificial intelligence
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these two paramedics sits alone in combination represent
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truly tremendous powerful developments that whole both
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great promise but also great threats and there is no just saying no
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and there will be no such thing as re writing the future
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the sports world must also view with these developments will be
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confronted with many ethical dilemmas important choices to be made
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and it will need to try to do good well doing it right
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looking for the best outcomes respecting all people concern avoiding negative consequences
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while keeping to the existing or some rules in place now a task for the fine art
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i urge the sports world to aim for excellence in this regard
00:22:16
and to include the academic world in this and there's

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Conference program

Introduction
Jean-Loup Chappelet, UNIL-IDHEAP Professor
10 May 2017 · 9:08 a.m.
104 views
Organisation
10 May 2017 · 9:20 a.m.
Keynote - Sport ethics
Bengt Kayser, UNIL-ISSUL Professor
10 May 2017 · 9:22 a.m.
188 views
Interactive discussion led by C. Murray
Panel
10 May 2017 · 10:20 a.m.
584 views
Heritage Sporting Events
Joël Pinson, UNIL-IDHEAP
10 May 2017 · 11:59 a.m.
Combined effects of hypoxia and blood flow restriction in legs and arms
Sarah Willis, UNIL-ISSUL
10 May 2017 · 12:03 p.m.

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