The Idiap NLU group was created in September 2017 under the direction of James Henderson, in part as a continuation of the previous Natural Language Processing group which was lead by Andrei Popescu-Belis. The NLU group continues work on how semantic and discourse processing of text and dialog can improve statistical machine translation and information indexing, with a recent focus on neural machine translation and attention-based deep learning models. This fits well with the NLU group's new research direction of neural network structured prediction and representation learning for modeling the syntax and semantics of text and speech, including modeling abstraction (textual entailment) and summarization.