Player is loading...

Embed

Embed code

Transcriptions

Note: this content has been automatically generated.
00:00:01
my outline is seven points but u. c. l. gonna do them very quickly so don't worry
00:00:07
uh i i will start with a l. a.'s predicament then say
00:00:11
something about switzerland only organisation dilemma then talk a bit about
00:00:16
the words walking metropolis which will lead me to challenge the type of powers ontology that l. a. has been
00:00:23
constructing a and then i will go into themes that dominique uh uh
00:00:28
talked about introduced earlier about from secular already and someone okay
00:00:32
so l. a.'s predicament and very quickly we we kind of all know
00:00:37
it especially in the room like this it's a funny i read
00:00:40
uh there's a bowl surrounded uh by mountains and ocean oh it was
00:00:46
uh and that became filled to the brim with a five thousand square mile make a lot less
00:00:52
which is actually the the extending almost down to san diego in a kind of continuous
00:00:57
urban isolation a a sprawling organisation dynamic density of
00:01:03
more than two and a half thousand inhabitants per square mile um
00:01:08
and i'm sustainable resource got solar and you have a great
00:01:12
drawing here by a number and l. a. critic uh
00:01:17
and i in particular a long distance water grabber that would be a lot to
00:01:21
say about the catastrophic effect of l. a. on the whole california water situation
00:01:29
i'm in short it's uh and purpose seen nightmare
00:01:34
uh this is what the the the the place now looks like from the from the air uh so there's indeed
00:01:41
a question whether this is still nature with is it's still uh it's
00:01:46
human it's both it looks like a tennis i forgot human nature
00:01:51
sorry uh and in a sense uh and many uh and
00:01:56
really knows agree with this it's like kind of
00:02:00
disaster that's hopelessly headed for very probable systemic collapse have a quote down here by
00:02:06
by two american scholars uh of of urban sustainability day in hall they say in a
00:02:12
number of ways the predicament of modern southwest in california is history with large
00:02:18
in the story of the ancestral pueblo we've been here before innocence
00:02:23
some recent research this is what the money was saying predicts the droughts in this century
00:02:28
will be more severe than those experienced by the ancient playbook people
00:02:33
who solicitation also collapsed uh many hundreds of years ago
00:02:37
so the question here is kansas was perfection come to
00:02:42
the rescue of this for impoverished the american metropolis
00:02:49
uh we would tend there's an apples tendency in this country say well yes of course well
00:02:56
maybe but not so fast uh we have problems are on
00:03:02
and so uh there's a clear i mean this is also pretty clear
00:03:07
to most of you maybe but let me just recap a bit
00:03:10
there's an organisation dilemma very clear when in switzerland uh can to a confederation
00:03:16
of twenty seven and a half cantons divide it into nine by regions
00:03:23
or alternatively six major water sets
00:03:28
uh it's an urban or oral rule mesh work between caught between two mountain ranges
00:03:35
uh
00:03:37
a densely populated start land a sink which into in english
00:03:42
is translated into its single continuous metropolis mixed with countryside
00:03:48
that lunch rights
00:03:51
uh but in this will be very important in this has been very impressive to the angeline as i talked to this about
00:03:57
uh it has one of the world's best we can we say that uh inter urban net
00:04:03
transport networks and improper or been a transport networks
00:04:06
especially concerning rail road also regulars really
00:04:10
a major asset to this was the ability landscape this is
00:04:15
not new for you uh and so uh this this
00:04:20
and get my question now uh in this country how do we plan control our urban
00:04:25
future do we system systematically intensify compact
00:04:29
defy our urban landscapes um
00:04:35
do we uh in the spirit of the of the zurich uh
00:04:39
a team there's a rig plan let's call it that way
00:04:42
uh do a re zoning into specific functions
00:04:47
um metropolitan regions city networks but then also the
00:04:52
notorious an infamous to some of us clients on the
00:04:57
alpine follows the alpine resorts in a kinda
00:05:02
hyper generalisation of this was territory is this what we should be doing well
00:05:07
we've been uh talking about this a lot uh the the past year and and and pollen her
00:05:12
team of of really made me see some very interesting aspects of a possible third way
00:05:18
uh between the sprawl the kind of sprawling
00:05:22
fragmentation which is las present and
00:05:26
maybe switzerland's future the kind of uh you know scarecrow of swiss organisation
00:05:33
uh or the other extreme witches hypertensive vacation
00:05:38
which might very well lead to an ideology of two allies each of the territory but
00:05:43
also like kind of balkan is asian literature into zones which is what summons
00:05:49
present in the sense already uh and uh with the with the policies being followed
00:05:54
and which might be perhaps l. a.'s future if if these followed today's swiss model
00:06:02
well there might be a third way between these two extremes to rethink urban form by
00:06:06
conserving existing structures and infrastructures recycling them as
00:06:10
a renewable resource and this is what
00:06:13
the idea of applause onto metropolis as i said pioneered by paola and and don't know those sticky and others
00:06:20
uh tries to convey uh the idea is that and i i'm gonna
00:06:24
quote here uh a long passage from the lab you um
00:06:29
documentation the horse not to metropolis refers to closely interlinked cool penetrating and
00:06:34
a a role or brown rounds communication transporting economic systems
00:06:39
it's a layer church road construction or agriculture non agriculture economic activity screed in original mix
00:06:46
and the result metropolis works as an agent of transformation
00:06:49
as court uh and a place of potentially elegy
00:06:55
it's there's it's a natural capital as well as a special indeed
00:06:59
if you look at this was territory it is layered church road construction with agriculture not
00:07:04
i call directive is really creating many types of original mixed between the specific
00:07:10
uh it's in many ways uh we can say this was urban capital is still a very
00:07:17
it's kind of um and uh an example of of uh what many people are are envy now uh
00:07:25
as they you know it's either on the urban disasters the
00:07:30
accumulating we have natural capital as well as spatial capital
00:07:35
it's a closely interlinked core penetrating uh uh us
00:07:39
mesh of urban and rural rounds communication
00:07:42
transport an economic systems very clearly and and so the idea uh in this uh
00:07:49
project like was to a chat use this course of metropolis
00:07:54
a concept or set of constellation of ideas
00:07:58
notions to challenge l. a.'s for centrality
00:08:03
now very clearly i lay these days is characterised that we that we would call
00:08:09
scattered or centrality low density or something metropolis it it is in a sense
00:08:16
horizontal metropolis except it's not because it's it's written it's
00:08:21
destroyed it's it's eaten up by automobile induced fragmentation
00:08:27
and so uh um what i find extremely hope inducing in in
00:08:33
a horizontal metropolis concept is the idea i saw tripping
00:08:38
as a type of or some tele t. that is not scattered okay
00:08:43
i'd the tropic means uniform in all directions but you can have different ways of being uniform in all directions i. e.
00:08:49
maybe the but this was the urban couples still contains which is the
00:08:55
very high quality in all directions or what the l. a.
00:08:59
you know or totality entails which is pretty much nothing in all directions except if
00:09:05
you go fifty miles uh uh uh with your car or an extremely
00:09:10
differentiated type of er centrality were some parts of the lock in many parts of nothing
00:09:16
okay so we don't need just i thought choppy i i told myself and i was
00:09:21
i've been you know a a couple of times now what we need is actual
00:09:24
urban fractal switches is uh is expression that which is register my mother said that be
00:09:29
introducing so we we don't need the left side with the the right side
00:09:33
factors in which it's meaningful to live without having to go fifty miles to to get what you need
00:09:39
and the swiss tradition of dense or centrality pretty much
00:09:45
offers that not perfectly but it's uh uh palaces something which
00:09:49
i think is is extremely productive is that we here
00:09:52
in this country have something to offer in terms of high
00:09:55
quality i thought would be not nearly fragmented isotopic
00:10:01
okay uh what l. a. is has been doing in a kind of organic emergent chaotic non
00:10:08
planned way although some and really know urban uh organised to
00:10:13
claim there's been planning it's true that there has been
00:10:15
some but overall that that this circle dynamics of the laces
00:10:18
eighteen fifties has been kind of an organic anarchic
00:10:23
growth in all directions which is led to a kind of
00:10:25
sprawling or centrality in other type of expression it so
00:10:30
to put it another way yet and we do need we're struggling with words would need
00:10:35
concepts to kind of catch the differences between the different types of our centrality uh
00:10:41
it's a distorted aloe choppy which means it's it's not
00:10:45
high quality it's not isotopic in that in that sense but
00:10:49
it's car driven an oral driven spatial in justice
00:10:54
okay you have the means to have a car access to a lot of oil you can live there although
00:10:59
you destroyed environment around you but who cares if you don't even have access to car you are actually
00:11:06
you know miserable in this in the city like away it's like having no shoes in in switzerland
00:11:12
so the idea is to take a cue from switzerland high quality i thought should be
00:11:19
to counteract l. a.'s store that a lot for p. and to try to imagine and this is the
00:11:25
you know the whole aspect that you took aspect of the the the project uh
00:11:30
isotopic selves i know organised on like the this
00:11:36
is kind of outdated graphical presentation okay yeah
00:11:39
we do we can uh especially if you have to look on the internet for
00:11:45
images to use 'em to make each cell as existential isa staining as
00:11:50
possible this means we have to look at notions of autonomy
00:11:55
localisation local project for example uh the one one uh mid nineties idea although not everything but
00:12:02
some some aspect of that are interesting and promote security so we would need a
00:12:07
it kind of network it interconnected network of promise circular exist actually sustaining
00:12:13
because settlements this is what i presented to the people in l. a. as an alternative
00:12:19
okay when you drive where they think well what the hell is this guy talking about what we're talking about your topic you're talking about visions so
00:12:26
why not okay so envisioning another l. a. means uh having some
00:12:31
steps i suggested twenty twenty and then a twenty forty
00:12:35
one of the main aspects i talked about rail before one of
00:12:38
the main aspects and there's a pretty strong consensus in alternative
00:12:42
l. a. urban isn't today i found out is that we need to street car back
00:12:49
uh l. a. until the nineteen twenties had a one of the u. s. a. is best urban street car system
00:12:56
uh uh which was a simply lost and a and the the so
00:12:59
called real discipline that when the street car the fact that
00:13:02
you had relatively dense settlement around the you know metro stations should
00:13:08
try stations and then it's like the and i said tropic
00:13:11
a settlement patter round these nodes disappeared completely uh starting in twenties
00:13:18
to turn all the famous autumn be into sprawl that
00:13:20
was not actually created by conspiracy by general motors
00:13:25
but actually buy a real estate appetites in real estate uh a speculation in uh like
00:13:31
uh so what we would the first uh a step would be to go back forward if you like into
00:13:36
the past the valet nineteen twenty to bring back the street car on the horizon of twenty forty
00:13:42
and we would have a streetcar induced isotopic horizontal metropolis it's already starting las started
00:13:48
to rebuild new a metro uh lines it's track that's struggling to do so
00:13:55
and that but but it the result of that could be that we would have that downtown
00:14:00
which would be a core crossroads centre not no longer what it is today in l. a. which is that
00:14:05
to disaster of poverty it has a skid row it has
00:14:09
it has abandoned buildings has some nice places is completely
00:14:13
run down and a coherent local neighbourhood centres
00:14:18
not satellites that needs it were people need to drive all over the city
00:14:23
to find things that coherent a local neighbourhood centres and then uh well
00:14:29
i guess during the seventy years after twenty forty it would have to be
00:14:34
a it's rather build up around these this new braille discipline this we could real discipline
00:14:40
uh that's full ago future where the streetcar real
00:14:44
discipline would gradually generate full local urban freckles
00:14:49
as because settlements this is the this is the idea with which i'm i'm working which i suggest some
00:14:55
of us could work at that lab you uh and one of the one of the pioneers here
00:15:01
apart from our present colours of course is uh uh which would register
00:15:07
i don't know if some of you know him use and uh oakland california architect organised
00:15:12
whereas worked all his life on the notion of eco city uh
00:15:18
there are several rules here we would have to make each urban factors isotopic as
00:15:22
high quality as possible this is what's what's an can really be a model
00:15:27
we would need to create an optimal balance of closer an openness the idea is not to close all
00:15:33
a fractal as as as as as close entities but switzerland
00:15:37
is not an example of that we clearly have massive
00:15:40
communication fluidity between freckles and so registers because city approach
00:15:45
combined with whale discipline could really get is
00:15:48
moving in the direction of the vision that's not completely delirious although
00:15:52
it's distant from the present but it's it's not completely delirious
00:15:56
a register has written a lot about this approach is to find it
00:15:59
because city he's shown that it involves a set of because
00:16:03
the fractal so there's an emphasis on post card post fossil fuels
00:16:06
things that we've already been studying here doesn't interest in traditional
00:16:11
a ways of building in inhabiting including the pueblo the techniques of of suppressed in america
00:16:16
uh so the the notion of earth ship for example that's being developed in in new mexico
00:16:21
by uh mike reynolds could be extremely interesting here to develop supplements
00:16:25
that don't need a gigantic infrastructures in order to function
00:16:30
uh in a country where infrastructure investment cannot be made massively right now
00:16:35
uh there'd be any insist on the strong by regional anchoring of the upper
00:16:40
meters of settlements okay so if we combine in switzerland urban heritage
00:16:45
and california speed of innovation we could really get in because thirty network where
00:16:50
communication travel trade infrastructure sharing an interest sediments solidarity would exist
00:16:57
but in a much more swiss way then it's than it is now okay
00:17:02
so on the way to that so some concepts to which the mini you alluded what we
00:17:08
need is clearly a permanent circular because sitting at work not merely a circular metabolism
00:17:16
which keeps growing you don't need a circular mega city i'm sorry to say
00:17:21
uh we need it permanently one planted regenerating network uh because settlement
00:17:26
the challenge is to go down to one planet footprint
00:17:31
okay so what we need is that is promised circular metabolism switch
00:17:36
reduce the flows of matter because that's the told us that earlier
00:17:41
and so uh what i would defend the uh to california officials
00:17:45
is to create a permit circular california or public which means
00:17:50
go down from five point one two one uh_huh uh uh over the over the century
00:17:55
massive reduction use stuff like that what what's possible in terms of technology
00:18:01
uh and in our book with the mini we've uh set out
00:18:04
the model for that um i mean extremely convincing way
00:18:09
uh and so the idea is that whichever way you want organise things what matters is that at the end
00:18:14
uh the decreasing permitted ecological footprint is not overstepped any given yours you you need a profile of
00:18:21
the growth of the footprints not of product you could do whatever you want it's the footprint that has to do you grow
00:18:28
that is not ideology that is science that is just fact
00:18:33
five point one ecological footprint is simply not viable it's insane
00:18:39
okay uh so what actually what i think but the climate and other denials have
00:18:44
in mind is they they don't want this crap that's what they don't want
00:18:49
'cause it scares them and then to make permits regularity work to let me
00:18:53
just throw a few slogans that you 'cause my time is up
00:18:57
we need population d. growth not cracking down on immigration but
00:19:01
anchoring demographics in ecological footprint anchoring uh accounting sorry
00:19:07
one a global hector per inhabitant one point seven that's about all we get
00:19:13
uh we uh can we we need to recycle infrastructures structures and
00:19:17
ways of life as renewable resource so not just urban retrofitting
00:19:21
but radically re purpose thing we enlightening what has died or been art social creativity
00:19:27
i saw that you guys are working on that that's that's really super important
00:19:32
uh we need to resort oil all urban freckles i think i think uh and uh
00:19:37
this call you're gonna say something right afterwards about that so not merely a kind of bit of
00:19:43
urban agriculture but genuinely re in measuring uh that we're rural and urban
00:19:49
we need to post apostle paul's car because city we need to reduce the need
00:19:54
and desire from ability i'm sorry but some of it has to go
00:19:58
sorry colour you know we've been bickering about that but uh
00:20:04
uh california can tap into the southwest a native american
00:20:08
was them i have i'm working a lot on that right now i want uh go into the details
00:20:13
uh and california has a whole by regional started should could really come
00:20:17
in handy twin vision and l. a. by region california has
00:20:21
several by regions there's been some mapping the uh in terms of watersheds in the
00:20:26
l. a. region of ground water basins uh and we would have to
00:20:33
kinda compute or invasion the boundaries of the different because supplements in the in the network
00:20:39
partly in dodge honestly through through chat analysis
00:20:43
uh to in order not to have a administrative boundaries but boundaries which makes
00:20:49
sense in uh in in terms of this coherence that talked about earlier
00:20:53
and so in conclusion the organism of hope that i'm that i
00:20:57
was presenting in a way that i kind of encapsulated here
00:21:00
is a combination of the us california and a swiss virtues i think there's a lot to be said for that
00:21:08
uh uh i don't think it would be particularly high tech triumph i'm sorry to say
00:21:13
and this is maybe the kinda down or in a place like this one
00:21:17
uh for some uh not in this room maybe but all around us
00:21:23
it would be more like a one planet footprint because the network with but what
00:21:28
we called appropriate technologies is a lot of work to be done about
00:21:32
reducing the thickness fear in a meaningful way not just to be you know uh
00:21:39
living in caves not all but to to to go to what's that objective
00:21:44
of one planet footprint in and in a network of eco cities

Share this talk: 


Conference Program

MOT DE BIENVENUE
Vincent KAUFMANN, Professeur de sociologie urbaine et d'analyse de la mobilité EPFL Lausanne
20 Sept. 2017 · 8:55 a.m.
134 views
INTRODUCTION
Paola VIGANÒ, Directrice du Laboratoire d’Urbanisme, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne
20 Sept. 2017 · 8:59 a.m.
271 views
INTRODUCTION
Elena COGATO LANZA, Présidente du Conseil de la Fondation Braillard Architectes
20 Sept. 2017 · 9:02 a.m.
129 views
INTRODUCTION
Panos Mantziaras, Directeur de la Fondation Braillard Architectes
20 Sept. 2017 · 9:09 a.m.
133 views
URBANISME ET ENJEUX DE LONG TERME
Dominique Bourg, Philosophe, professeur - Institut de géographie et durabilité, Faculté des géosciences et de l'environnement, Unil
20 Sept. 2017 · 9:20 a.m.
BETWEEN “ARCOLOGY,” THE “LOCAL PROJECT” AND THE «HORIZONTAL METROPOLIS»: CONFRONTING THE DILEMMAS OF SUSTAINABLE URBAN HORIZONTALITY
Christian ARNSPERGER, Economiste, directeur de l’Institut de Géographie et Durabilité, faculté des Géosciences et de l’Environnement, Université de Lausanne
20 Sept. 2017 · 9:59 a.m.
RE-ENCHANTING ARCHITECTURE LA NATURE COMPLEXE DU PROCESSUS DE CRÉATION EN ARCHITECTURE
Aliki-Myrto PERYSINAKI, Docteur en Architecture et Ville, Senior Lecturer en Architecture, Université Liverpool John Moores, membre du laboratoire Architecture, Milieu, Paysage (MCC)
20 Sept. 2017 · 10:22 a.m.
103 views
THE PRINCIPLE OF HOPE AS A PHILOSOPHICAL ‘CHALLENGE’ TO CONTEMPORARY URBAN THEORY
Brent PATTERSON, PhD student, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS). Teacher at ENSA Paris-Malaquais and ENSA Paris-La Villette
20 Sept. 2017 · 11:12 a.m.
132 views
TERRITORIAL SOCIO-ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING: LOCAL ACTORS’ INVOLVEMENT FOR A SHARED VISION AND PLANNING. A BIAS FOR HOPE
Gioacchino GAROFOLI, Economist, Full Professor in Economic Policy at Insubria University, Italy
20 Sept. 2017 · 11:38 a.m.
DU SOL COMME OEUVRE, AU SOL COMME ARCHIVE DE L’ACTION HUMAINE. MICROHISTOIRE D’UN PRINCIPE D’ESPÉRANCE À TRAVERS DEUX TEXTES DU PÉDOLOGUE DAN H. YAALON
Antoine VIALLE, Architecte, doctorant, assistant au Laboratoire d’Urbanisme, EPFL
20 Sept. 2017 · 12:11 p.m.
164 views
DISCUSSION avec SÉBASTIEN MAROT
20 Sept. 2017 · 12:34 p.m.
154 views
LA PROSPECTIVE URBAINE À PAU (PYRÉNÉES ATLANTIQUES). LE GRAND ÉCART ENTRE PROJETS ÉDILITAIRES ET HORIZONS D’ATTENTE.
Jean ATTALI, Philosophe, professeur honoraire en urbanisme et projet urbain à l’ENSA Paris-Malaquais, chercheur associé de l’UMR AUSser / CNRS n° 3329.
20 Sept. 2017 · 2:26 p.m.
DES RÉSERVES FONCIÈRES AUX ZONES VERTES : PROJETS ET CONTRE-PROJETS D’URBANISATION CONTRIBUANT À LA FORMATION DES SITES SEMI-NATURELS BRUXELLOIS
Séréna VANBUTSELE, Architecte-urbaniste, docteur en Art de bâtir et urbanisme, Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique
20 Sept. 2017 · 2:54 p.m.
DÉSAPPRENDRE D’ATHÈNES / URBAN KAÏROS
Marc ARMENGAUD, Philosophe, urbaniste, membre fondateur et directeur de AWP, maître assistant titulaire au sein du département Ville Architecture Territoire à l’Ecole d’Architecture ENSA Paris-Malaquais
20 Sept. 2017 · 3:14 p.m.
160 views
DÉCRIRE POUR AGIR. DE LA NÉCESSITÉ DE PROBLÉMATISER LE TERRITOIRE DE LA VILLE CONGOLAISE
Géry LELOUTRE, Architecte-urbaniste, chargé de cours, doctorant, centre de recherche LoUIsE, Faculté d’Architecture de l’Université Libre de Bruxelles / Università IUAV
20 Sept. 2017 · 4:04 p.m.
165 views
DISCUSSION avec PANOS MANTZIARAS
Panel
20 Sept. 2017 · 4:32 p.m.
145 views
PROPOS LIMINAIRE : DE L’ART DE LA MÉMOIRE À L’ART D’ESPÉRER
Sébastien MAROT, Philosophe, professeur invité à l’Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
20 Sept. 2017 · 5:01 p.m.
861 views
CONCLUSIONS DE LA JOURNÉE avec PANOS MANTZIARAS et PAOLA VIGANÒ
Panos Mantziaras, Directeur de la Fondation Braillard Architectes
20 Sept. 2017 · 6:04 p.m.

Recommended talks

BSI Swiss Architectural Awards 2013
Mario Botta, Académie d'architecture de Mendrisio
1 Oct. 2013 · 6:39 p.m.