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a raw uh okay i'll start singing in it um and
also present of a of international just next society
so they asked me to talk today about um just in that extra specifically about uh the country's nature
textiles um to global sustainable the agenda uh so it's not we can't include key read that back
god wanted to read it you read it so um as mean that that is um they said that a
small white studies those sleeping is passed maybe not saying i'm not sleeping haven't environment of environmentally friendly day
what if i stay in bed i don't use up the that's precious resources
no driving around reducing greenhouse gases no consumer consumption frenzy i even use less oxygen
how do you plan to make a living as several websites where people come by my carbon credits
and they can take their aeroplanes and drive s. u. v.'s not just aimed at all but i do love if you could do that wouldn't it anyways
so sustainable development and i think it's good in our growing
realisation that the current model of development is unsustainable
the global goal has to be a for all people throughout the world can satisfy the basic needs
get a better quality of life but importantly that without compromising future generations
national governments focusing on things like climate change
energy natural resources sustainable consumption sustainable communities
i think some climate change is unfortunately inevitable so what can we
do well we have to reduce our feature because gas emissions
now if we go back to uh uh the uh coda protocol which everyone should have that
where the you agreed reducing greenhouse gas emissions to eight percent below the nineteen ninety levels
are in the period the first period the two thousand eight thousand and twelve
we actually managed to beat up quite significantly reduced uh by fifteen percent in nineteen ninety levels
since then things have moved on that the postscript appeared is called up to two thousand and twenty
uh where the user targets for a twenty percent reduction in greenhouse gas levels twenty percent
of energy consumed from renewable sources and also twenty percent improvement in energy efficiency
how we got that well i think we do quite well but the uh the results obviously having been published yet 'cause it's only two thousand seventeen
but i have looked we further forward and is currently the the twenty thirty flight climate
and angie framework targets is adopted a few years ago no two thousand fourteen where
the you said we'd have at least forty percent reduction in greenhouse gas
emissions in the nineteen ninety levels at least twenty seven percent and
you can see interminable souls is at least twenty percent improvement in
energy efficiency to start to plan ahead to two hundred thirty
in fact we can even further ahead is a twenty fifty energy strategy
that's we trying to reduce greenhouse gas levels by somewhere between eighty and ninety five percent
no various countries agree to different levels and the u. k. fortunately is i don't
agree to eighty percent of the countries are going for high it's like it
ninety five percent reduction on the nineteen like levels that's
a significant significant improvement to managers to to get
isn't it more uh the more recent uh there was the
the parts finite at conference in december two thousand fifteen
a weather was a global action plan and not just the your
global action plan limit global warming to well below too greasy
it came up with a transparent accountable system but to enter into
force at least fifty five can countries needed to rectify
so in september two thousand sixteen last year at the us actually ratified at a bottom about men
and and that's important because the us uh currently has sixteen percent of global emissions
but also the same time china ratify it and they currently have
twenty eight percent global emissions those are clearly to key players
what do we do well in october last year at the you folded a ratify the agreement with them brought into play
then what happens well november two thousand sixteen the price agreement came into force also in november two thousand sixteen
adult from became presents and i'm sure you're aware that he's a a climate change ask attack
um and uh he's currently thinking of pulling out of the the
agreement and shiner saying that they may a polite as well
so clearly it's a bit uncertain as to what's that what's happening there
be maybe aesthetic but i think there is ever interfere double proof that global warming it goes
one on the left so what about this a couple forefront that well what is the common for all of your problem for it
is the measurement of the total greenhouse gas emissions cause either directly or indirectly
from the person auger cotton for print an organisation or whatever and comp
or we could look at siblings instructors last only be looking out in the in the rest of the presentation
the fabric is it is the six go to protocol years gases which
are listed that and generally measured in tons of carbon dioxide equivalent
everybody carbon can be used as an indicator of cumulative carbon
emissions and different people are uh measuring slightly differently
that was the reason study a love for university in the u. k. i. which is
funded by the u. k. chapter of the inner cities next is like it
uh which came up with somebody carbon values for different just like product
uh and this has to the information that we still getting from produces my factories
a publishing their own values as well which is the increasing the uh the data bank in information is very useful
uh we can compare the common for prince at two alternative constructions solutions
so we can look at what's more sustainable using just not x. not using just
oh incorrect side by side approach uh look at project specifics
now we can also look at as was the car before when we can look
at life cycle assessment 'cause this is the broadest indicated environmental performance international standards
no only evaluate the impact on climate change the other impact as
well like yeah uh that's a vacation potential ozone depletion
other things as well and there's some research been done and just make some using l. c. a.s as well
uh on an l. c. or the other product or system is evaluated was complete stand
from the initial extraction the role material i thirty meter processing manufacturing assembly construction
use of the product other than important is well the uh at the end life process is whether
it's reuse recycling where you can recover any energy from it and eventually uh the waste disposal
when you look at l. c. i. a little life cycle assessment you need to clearly define the boundaries that you look at that
um so there's several different types you can have a a cradle to gate so that is a from
the extraction and the manufacturing asked through for it to the uh to get a manufacturing plant
cradle to sites ones and look at the site prevented construction as it's as like cradle to grave the ultimate
uh disposal to different people looking at a life cycle assessments which is not it's not the materials
looking at different uh ranges just quite difficult to actually compare between um different research out
but if we start looking at a civil engineer project what type of approach to we need
well one isn't a look at the nature the project what materials are available locally
now we know that when we have just in the next day off we delivered
to cite an obvious significant part of the cotton for print form material
uh but you haven't got pro materials on site then that has a significant impact
as well supply logistic site layout things like that are also um important
let's look at some examples them well uh the first film look at that
i was published in you came two thousand nine i'm also stable g. systems in civil injuring applications
uh this uses that term geo system but the majority of these
did have due synthetics and some legit textiles in it
and they calculated um compared to the missions to six
detailed case studies after range different um construction activities
oh sure you can read that for the first one is environmental buttons
the original design was to have imported stone and again in system
they just not a design was a reinforce all uh and sought when material
i'm gonna freeze quite quickly and honest draw too much um because blues and
using j. text all these using uh other forms which isn't it
but what they had was uh the reportage become drops the saving both in terms of the the waste material generated
the fill material that was used on the structural component whether that was ages and that it will steal
um all concrete indeed and then i have a a a a total
comedy oxide saving for the uh for the chosen a geo system
so for the first one they found a hundred percent saving in waste in that all
material is on site and school quality material would be able to be used
you wanna fill material was reduced by sixty seven on the structural components was in ninety six percent saving
because they weren't using the steel mesh for the gate is they want importing at the stone
not given an overall total saving of eighty seven percent that's a huge number absolutely jam
another example of a a highway environment again uh some reinforced i'm so always used in this one
uh at thirty one percent not quite as dramatic this time but still quite
a a a a significant um improvement in the in the performance
the third one was uh another retaining wall based on the gridlock which
any wall rather than a reinforced concrete wall seventy percent improvement
for example again reinforced will this to model block wall instead
of reinforced concrete wall eighty five percent improvement so
we have we have the reinforced concrete is a significant about a carton a embodied in that material
and so using the does not increase is uh the of the uh environmental performance significantly
and the retaining wall or eighty four percent and finally drainage behind the retaining wall seventy three percent
very quickly through through that first preference big increases what else what about just textiles in particular job for
the energy tax laws this one is interesting this is the um the flow chart that they used
that's a look at uh the two two different approaches the conventional traditional approach
and the just that approach and they looked it's um the mother carbon um dioxide was in the
uh materials important to fill construction process is on the g. text or
i came up with this um common for bring saving instead of
four hundred and fifty four tons three hundred and fourteen pounds
so significant benefits
well i think the right hand side of this uh this live what are the benefits to think we get reason just looks
scotsman back there is a as knows exactly what's going on cost so using the same approach looking at
the cost of importing the fella cost of the grandmother fell costly construction process costly just like solution
eight hundred thirty five thousand pounds compared to three hundred and seventy four thousand pounds
so environmental benefits and cost benefit
it's like uh some other examples and as i say uses and uh just textiles now so this uh this research was
carried out um uh on behalf of the european association urges
that product manufacturers uh by yes you services inserts
and they looked it's a full cradle to grave like second cycle assessments a longer process
and they looked it's a an example here all of the use of i i. g. textile filled uh in the road construction
so the traditional construction was to have a a grandmother filter layer beneath the road
just next allusions to have a and then seventy five gram a g. textile
they look there's an area of one meet a lifetime of thirty years um and then
what they did the scale the environmental impact of various categories two hundred percent
uh so pretty can't really there's lots of different uh a
certification is there a global warming potential so since working
um there is other um items that if we look at people warm potential to start with a
compared to the traditional solution they found a ninety percent saving on the global warming potential
uh on the uh q. motive energy demand i got a eighty five percent saving the big big big numbers
i think six fixated on all the other categories as well but these are the two that i want to uh concentrate on
they also look at the the construction for road where instead of having
a a a large foundation because of um for sensitive some great
they reduce the thickness of the um all the construction again i couldn't
use digits x. l. but this example lose the l. g. agreed
um again similar values um so similar values that much less
of a percent is saving twelve percent and five percent
other examples level cap application instead of using travelled a drainage recapping application
is not just in the nick i drainage layer which was um
for two different ones aegean act and the filament a drainage cool both around funded grams per square meter
from the sixty sixth sense saving it logo on potential sixty five cents in a c. d.
that's in the life cycle approach a a retaining wall bigger numbers under same again because the reinforced concrete
eighty two percent saving of a global warming potential seventy six on the c. d.
another example uh this is um cradle to end of construction else yeah you have a majority buttons paper
uh again retaining wall and so whatever you don't agree first can retain well we see these
big numbers we've got eighty two percent saving comedy oxide and seventy on a c. d.
road construction says you know yeah g. a grade a ninety
six percent saving eighty one percent saving very big numbers
another example this time again from cradle to under construction l. c. i. from uh
uh roger tell looking a capping in looking it's replacing a one meter thick
clay liner uh with a um a gym membership protection to textile
and what's that we can see from this one was that the uh the mode of embody
carbon in the clay was considered to be significantly more than the average isn't that x.
at the transport was mall because it's a lot more truck movements and also the construction
is a lot more so the total uh tons of comedy outside for the clay
was uh a lot more than the g. m. m. right on budget textile i gave
a a a total saving of seventy two percent um on the car they oxide
another journalist and just you need you text all this is a working platform
uh that was designed to uh i support a at one thousand one and sixty clean even piling rick
uh on the uh the initial design was that one point to me is imported journal fail
that was replaced by six and really fill and a uh just textile uh with the text only forcing the yeah
and again looking at the numbers of the grammar fail uh the body carbon the transport and
the total i'm forty three percent saving of the of c. o. to this is
lots of different research them with different people over a period of uh some seven seven
uses and i'm using different um different techniques but they'll say very similar story
and the story as well just text doesn't indeed all just not ex uh can produce real benefits
financial benefits and reduce costs of imported materials and reduce cost of wastage
shorten environmental benefits from things like last hole age less dust a less noise less air pollution
but also the long term environmental benefits um from reducing the common for print of that development
we can seven points money we can improve outlines environmental performance on the reporting targets but also go
back to the first two slides we can help our government's achieve the card reduction targets
i thought that knowledge of personal dixon many you know from the university who uh helped with the with some of these lights
that's references them it'll be in the uh in the presentations if you need to uh find out any information they're all that
uh i just finally want to uh highlights um is a
a sustainability a video that was developed by the international
just in the nick society uh it's only a it's on the website i doubly the doubly

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Conference program

Introduction and coordination of the presentations
Daniele Cazzuffi, IGS Past President CESI SpA, Italy
6 April 2017 · 2:06 p.m.
The contribution of geotextiles to the global sustainability agenda
Russell Jones, IGS President Golder Associates, UK
6 April 2017 · 2:10 p.m.
Q&A The contribution of geotextiles to the global sustainability agenda
Russell Jones, IGS President Golder Associates, UK
6 April 2017 · 2:28 p.m.
The behavior of earthworks with geotextiles after several decades
Jean Pierre Gourc, UJF Grenoble, France
6 April 2017 · 2:31 p.m.
Q&A - The behavior of earthworks with geotextiles after several decades
Jean Pierre Gourc, UJF Grenoble, France
6 April 2017 · 2:51 p.m.
New Horizons for Nonwoven Applications in Geotextiles
Pete Stevens, Terram Solutions Sales Manager, Berry Global
6 April 2017 · 3 p.m.
The role of nonwoven geotextiles in geosynthetics and key global markets and trends
George Papagiannis, Sales & Marketing Manager Thrace Nonwovens & Geosynthetics, Greece
6 April 2017 · 3:30 p.m.
Q&A - The role of nonwoven geotextiles in geosynthetics and key global markets and trends
George Papagiannis, Sales & Marketing Manager Thrace Nonwovens & Geosynthetics, Greece
6 April 2017 · 3:38 p.m.
Correct design and proper applications of geocomposite drainage systems for landfills capping
Piergiorgio Recalcati, Technical Director Tenax SpA, Italy
6 April 2017 · 3:41 p.m.
Daniele Cazzuffi, IGS Past President CESI SpA, Italy
6 April 2017 · 4:01 p.m.

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