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good afternoon i'm from the us department have euro population refugees and migration
but this afternoon never i'm representing state and u. s. a. i. d. on the humanitarian side we talk
several times and uh i came up with i agreed remarks so i'm
going to read my remarks i hope i won't bore you
catch programming is on the rise and united states is among the largest supporters of cash programming
the report counting cash scored s. at thirty seven percent of the world's cash efforts in twenty fifteen
and there's a lot more supported through our multilateral efforts that are not your marks specifically for patch
u. n. h. c. r. for example one of the largest us multilateral partners
more than doubled its cash based programming from three hundred and twenty five million
in twenty fifteen to six hundred and eighty eight million in twenty sixteen
we're pleased at the growing consensus among stakeholders that when it's feasible and when
it's used appropriately there are many potential benefits of cash based initiatives
first to beneficiaries the forcibly displaced second to their host communities
and last but not least do the humanitarian system itself
on which many of us have worked for decades to make improvements i'll address each of these potential benefits
the benefit to beneficiaries of cash comes with efficiency
increased choice and with that increase dignity
that's the concept which i understand evolves from development policy
when it is transferred directly to a humanitarian beneficiary it works
but conflict victims and forcibly displaced persons have particular protection
requirements they're not present in the general population
and which make it essential to examine cash programming in the
context of the situation of the individuals receiving it
as well as the assumptions that underlie the c. b. i. structure cash based images structure
some of these protection either individual and what and others reply
to groups of beneficiaries i'll give a couple of examples
becomes a conflict and displacement are frequently separated from their families
which creates an inordinate number of newly female headed households
women in that position are often unable or unwilling to manage in a digital to live delivery system
we've heard that so i'm not only women but some people are willing to pay up to twenty per set to
have cash delivered where they're living i don't think it's because they're lazy and don't wanna go pick it up
in such cases program modifications for forcibly displaced for persons
need to combine cash with other complimentary services
cash programming assumes that beneficiaries can function in the economy
the same as citizens are legal residents can't
refugees those forcibly displaced right outside of their own country have very specific right upper
protection requirements including to be registered as
refugees and have identification papers issued
without them many fewer to leave their homes and that may have something to do with
the twenty percent a cash a twenty percent they're willing to pay for cash
they need to be granted permission to work or to send kids to school this is an
effort to take some time and some effort it's not a a a cash program
any of these aspects of protection may affect the manner in which caches provided
and thus a proposed cash proposal must be examined through a protection lens
the second benefit i mentioned this to the host community and it comes in the
context of a positive impact on the local economy again a legitimate development issue
it is also standard development practised to do market analysis to determine impact
for example when it to determine when humanitarian assistance provided in kind for
specific purposes might flaw to market if it's given in time
on the other hand it's equally important to ensure that the market
is able to supply a sufficiently strong quality of the goods
in order to in order for cash to avoid spiking prices of the commodities
finally it's important to know if the beneficiary community has good consumption patterns
before deciding that the outcomes of cash for food will be nutritionally acceptable
u. s. a. i. d.'s would for peace office has developed a tool to help with this analysis
it's a called a modality decision tool that my colleagues here would be pleased to share if you're unfamiliar with it
family we had the benefit to the humanitarian system and here there's several impacts to consider
first cutting across everything is the presence if humanitarian minimum standards that have been created many
in the context of this for your project which i heard mentioned this morning
and supported strongly in this year's infancy by the us government from both state and u. s. a. i. d.
spears been kept up to date and has spread across language and
culture to be accessible to anyone working in humanitarian assistance
reference to humanitarian standards is crucial when doing market analysis for example
humanitarian community has lived through too many embarrassments of supplying the wrong kind of thing
in the wrong quantities to toss standard decide when contemplating catch
for example after one of the uh earthquakes in or sorry i think it was a hurricane in haiti
not sure got the story right in any case uh the roofing that was available on the market
uh it was substandard and it would have been the default for cash based initiative
but the housing that would've been covered would not of was still at the next
hurricane and us decided not to do a cash program in that instance
the quality of inputs has a lot to do with program outcomes especially more specialised services are concerned
programs such as supplemental or therapeutic feeding for moderately or severely malnourished
people are quite unlikely to be good candidates for cash programming
if the outcome of the improve nutritional status is to be taken seriously
second on the grand bargain i just want to say that we strongly support grant parking commitments to increase the use of cash
and see two other grand bargain commitments as intertwined with the use of cash
the first is accountability to affected populations or what is sometimes called the
participation revolution and the other being the use of local solutions
it's important to connect with the three the three elements of the grand bargain
we're confident that the continued expansion of cash appropriately program through the
response analysis process easy in partnership with investment in preparedness
partnerships to increase necessary infrastructure flexibility in cost effectiveness
we'll both increase the use of cash at initial onset of a crisis as
well as amplify the positive impacts and outcomes that have already been observed
and finally i want to point out that the overwhelming majority of
international humanitarian assistance is programmed multilateral lead through international organisations
that means that donors have agreed to have their fun schooled by the international organisations
receiving them primarily w. f. p. u. n. h. c. r. and unicef
and we agree to receive reports on the plant and the results from the agencies
we rely on our partners to provide their own assessments and analyses of the suitability of cash
and i know there's been some discussion about having that uh one assessment for all agencies that's
not a bad thing but we still rely on the agencies to produce the assessment
uh the agencies have the situational awareness in each case the technical capabilities
and the responsibility to determine the best modality for a delivery
we need the ios to partner with each other and to partner with n. g. o.s and other
stakeholders including those that had become particularly important with c. b. i.'s that is the private sector
we need cash based initiatives that can be supported by the preponderance of donors
donors have to agree on the change they wish to pursue within an agency and
then accomplish that generally and normally through the governing bodies of those agencies
i will not be the first person to suggest that the us agrees with others
that a meeting of donors and agencies to identify agreed principles and a way

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Conference program

Opening
Nigel Timmins, Humanitarian Director, Oxfam International and Chair of CaLP Board
28 June 2017 · 9:09 a.m.
Formal Welcome
Manuel Bessler, Assistant Director General and Head of Humanitarian Aid Department, SDC
28 June 2017 · 9:48 a.m.
Looking to the future : Panel introduction
Christina Bennett, Head of the Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI
28 June 2017 · 9:56 a.m.
Looking to the future: Social Cash Transfer in Response to Ebola in Liberia
Gabriel Fernandez, National Social Protection Coordinator, Liberian Government
28 June 2017 · 9:56 a.m.
Looking to the future : MasterCard perspective
Ian Taylor, Vice President, Business Development, Government & Public Sector, MasterCard
28 June 2017 · 10:12 a.m.
Looking to the future : International Relations perspective
Jennifer Welsh, Professor and Chair in International Relations, European University Institute and Senior Research Fellow, Somerville College, University of Oxford
28 June 2017 · 10:30 a.m.
Q&A - Looking to the future
Panel
28 June 2017 · 10:37 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Panel introduction
Ben Parker, Senior Editor, IRIN
28 June 2017 · 11:08 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Sri Lanka experience
Sithamparapillai Amalanathan, Secretary, Ministry of Disaster Management, Sri Lanka
28 June 2017 · 11:10 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Turkish experience
Orhan Hac?mehmet and Jonathan Campbell, Resp: Coordinator Of Kizilaykart Cash Based Assistance Programmes, Turkish Red Crescent - Deputy Country Director, WFP, Turkey
28 June 2017 · 11:21 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Zimbabwe experience
Abel. S. Whande, Team Leader, Cash Transfer Program, Care International in Zimbabwe
28 June 2017 · 11:36 a.m.
Operational Modalities : UNHCR experience
Waheed Lor-Mehdiabadi, Chief of Cash-Based Interventions, UNHCR
28 June 2017 · 11:45 a.m.
Q&A - Operational Modalities
Panel
28 June 2017 · 12:01 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : Panel introduction
Christina Bennett, Head of the Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI
28 June 2017 · 1:32 p.m.
Scaling up Cash in East Africa: Nisar Majid
Nisar Majid, Independent Researcher, Consultant and Visiting Fellow, Feinstein International Centre, Tufts University
28 June 2017 · 1:32 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : ADESO perspective
Deqa Saleh, Cash and Social Protection Advisor, ADESO
28 June 2017 · 1:46 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : WFP perspective
Ernesto Gonzalez, Regional Advisor for cash-based programmes, WFP Bureau for Central and Eastern Africa
28 June 2017 · 1:52 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : Relief International perspective
Alex Gray, Global Humanitarian Director for Relief International
28 June 2017 · 1:58 p.m.
Cash Barometer and community perspectives of CTP in Afghanistan
Elias Sagmiester, Programme Manager, Ground Truth Solutions
28 June 2017 · 2:35 p.m.
First long-term trial of a Universal Basic Income, Kenya
Joanna Macrae, Director, European Partnerships, GiveDirectly
28 June 2017 · 2:44 p.m.
Changing from a pipeline to a platform
Paula Gil Baizan, Global Humanitarian Director Cash-Based Programming, World Vision International
28 June 2017 · 2:51 p.m.
Grand Bargain and GHD cash work streams
Emily Henderson, Humanitarian Adviser, DFID
28 June 2017 · 3:02 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Panel introduction
Thabani Maphosa, Vice President for Food Assistance, World Vision International, World Vision US
28 June 2017 · 3:39 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : ECHO vision
Androulla Kaminara, Director, DG ECHO
28 June 2017 · 3:42 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Office of Policy and Resources Planning's vision
Paula Reed Lynch, Director, Office of Policy and Resources Planning, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
28 June 2017 · 3:49 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Norway vision
Ingunn Vatne, Minister Counsellor and Head of the Humanitarian team, Permanent Mission of Norway in Geneva
28 June 2017 · 3:58 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : DFID vision
Patrick Saez, Senior Adviser, Humanitarian Policy and Partnerships, DFID, UK
28 June 2017 · 4:08 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Centre for Global Development vision
Jeremy Konyndyk, Senior Policy Fellow, Centre for Global Development
28 June 2017 · 4:22 p.m.
Q&A - Donor Perspectives
Panel
28 June 2017 · 4:39 p.m.
Closing Remarks
Alex Jacobs, Director, CaLP
28 June 2017 · 5:27 p.m.