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thank you and thank you very much am i think three much nigel um good morning ladies
and gentleman it's an absolute pleasure for me to be here today and i am
to discuss how we can take the cash agenda forward um
we in the european commission and put to clean echo
have had a vision and we have been supporting uh um the
move to watch car cache space and programming for sometime
and this we do in the in the mall channel context of what's at close vision
well the you're paying commissions vision for uh the future of humanitarian aid which is basically
to make it a better to make it more efficient and to make it more effective
within that vision cash is a very important
component uh let me also clarify that
um we see each cash as a component within that
efficiency effectiveness porsche and not the other way round
uh let me um nevertheless start by addressing a number of points that we
ah in the european commission considered important when it comes to cash
first thing is uh to dealing with scaling up cash
echoes humanitarian assistance is increasingly delivered in the form of cash based assistance because we feel
and we have everything evidence to support this that where it
is possible right for the context because you have to
uh take um an important local what the context is where
you want to apply a cash weight is sufficient
and in the best interest of the beneficiaries we should
we should deliver 'em assistance uh via cash
cash is not always the solution any and uh it can be
a big part of a solution but the a it's just
no way of addressing a meeting the particular situation
current three overall only seven percent of humanitarian assistance is delivered in the form of cash
and we're convinced that this percentage can and should rice
um caches an ideal way to meet a wide range of basic needs
we need to design a humanitarian programs in a way that ensures that the potential of cash is
harnessed but that this takes place in a framework
that recognises the integrated nature of humanitarian me
in that it ensures that beneficiaries receive a coherent and i underline coherent because it's
although it seems a logical it's not always uh what happens in product is
a coherent well coordinated response that helps them to survive recover and prosper
when you member states gave that political backing to cash based assistance by
uh endorsing the ten principles that we had that were outline
they come from their vision at e. u. level of cash which it cool have sought to take forward
but the basic practical reasons for working with cash remain
cash is about to committee it's about the choices about flexibility
for beneficiaries in it about greater efficiency value
and a value for money and ultimately improved effectiveness for donors
and for taxpayers in in the current context of
much uh rapidly increasing humanitarian needs and i'm sure many terry made
increasing but not up to speed of the uh the need
we have to look at where we can gain efficiencies in actually addressing those needs
however other important advantages come from using cash
firstly it multipurpose cash response means doing things
differently through joined up programming of assistant
joined assessments coordination of actors and better coordinated targeting in
fact this aspect has been taking 'em up the
crown barking in the context of doing better needs assessment
and better coordination between the um humanitarian act
the best response would be yeah well design context specific
um one which selects the most appropriate mentality all combination of mentality it's it's not it's
uh you just to cash or you just to something else it could
be a palette of different modalities that address uh um the situation
other advantages of cash is that uh the evidence spaces already expensive and shows that
cash space responses are an efficient and effective way to deliver humanitarian assistance
evidence also shows that the lack of coordination in the targeting of penny fisheries
and delivery mechanisms is wasting resources football or something if issues alike
thirdly and let let's not underestimate the challenges that cash
poses on the way we were to work today
already we're seeing a greater role when you act as we're having
a private sector coming we're having links of what
we doing humanitarian with fixed either existing or
uh um i knew you develop national safety a social safety
nets and perhaps a different role of traditional humanitarian act
great to focus on assessment and monitoring unless on the liver
as well as giving greater responsibility to beneficiaries on the one hand but asking that we
on the other hand as donors and humanitarian actors become more accountable to the people we seek to assist
let me turn now to uh the cash guidance note that
uh we have uh you should not long ago
and i want to mention it here because this is part of our vision for
the way we we to human it any tearing assistance and this is um
something i would be focusing more on this afternoon but i just a few words on what we're trying to achieve
yeah cool has been clear and i want to repeat each yeah
that we will continue to find the complete humanitarian response each
is not cash and we drop everything else it is i'm
addressing um the the needs with the best possible way
but uh we're we're implementing large scale cash programs and i emphasise on the large
scale cash programs because i guidance a note is focusing on the walls
ed delivering cash to people who are caught up in protracted crises we owe it to the
printer fisheries donors and taxpayers to ensure that these operations at the best value possible
this is why we have so to put the speak cash programs and looks good to
me and to see if we can make them more efficient more transparent more accountable
and i would say also more click here and across situations way way we intervene
we were also like to dealing the entire except court costs fees
from the bottom of the cash to live it and critically consider if
delivery of cash is not the sort of work that requires
uh the expertise of humanitarian actors and and those alone because
um the general idea of the cash node is that you have to
components one component which is the traditional humanitarian work these of the
i can't find any fisheries identifying the needs of those beneficiaries
uh um and uh yeah i'm monitoring and that's
another component which is the actual delivery of the cash
by the by or mobiles all by um
giving people card so we we've separated the technicality of delivering
the cash from that surely if you like humanitarian um
uh aspects so um we see humanitarian act as possible to uh um to
intervene in both components that we recognise that the component dealing with
i'd uh identifying the beneficiaries and identify what needs to be done where we need to too many tearing
expertise uh by definition the other part of the delivery could potentially be done by others as well
we also want to make sure that this is a very uh display expertise of the humanitarian
as well use in that humanitarian pardons work to the strains designing a system to programs
by carrying out the necessary assessment and registration of beneficiaries
and monitoring outcomes in any impact
i uh issues like identify people with special needs and uh all
the other things that have to be put in place
humanitarian act does need to be there to watch over humanitarian
principles and to ensure protection in the broader sense
many of you attended the workshop we held on the cash guidance in brussels recently
and uh we uh help we thank uh all of you that where they
have for the constructive participation and for sharing we you with us your ideas in
fact uh um i think the collective knowledge that was in that room
on cash was impressive because uh everybody from
all all the um different organisations
where they at that i actually expert in cash and help us identify
issues that potentially we still have to work on with with respect to the not
let me assure you that we we have taken a good note of the feedback we
received and we're working on um politically addressing some of the things that's the
let's say we're not um clearly identified in the in the guidance
will knock easy addressed the guide and in order to um
to have a guy does note that leaves let's say last
question marks and we hope to have that available
and circulated in in time for the twenty eighteen hips
probably sometime in september or so uh let me now turn to
a topic that's those of you who who was um
may have maybe have heard me talk in the past when now and this is one of
my favourite topics with a show of innovation and technology which i truly believe that
the way we do humanitarian so far has to a large extent um
you can maud technological developments that are actually influencing other parts
of the way we live and work in in other
areas and cash basis system is probably the last 'cause
thimble innovation to have come along in recent years
um some of this evening to technology some is more on at the systems like on
let's look at the technology first cache has benefited from atlanta
scene biometric technologies such as i can out system
which delivers financial assistance to refugees using u. h. u.
n. h. c. r.'s by mighty registration data
in fact last week i was in uganda um and visited the west
nile um in the onus west nile the communion that be
which uh houses which chances which uh yeah um
basically has south sudanese uh refugees um and it
was quite impressive to see how this
and that the processing all the uh new our new arrivals will come in
apart from having a medical taking a chip cops vaccination for the kids
then they do would proceed to prior metrics registration also tickets and
by the way so far they're only doing one with one for a fingerprints any was um
identified a potentially this is not enough to identify the people of also
there now considering going to tend think it um identification but uh
even in that camp in that situation with such massive influx of refugees i think there's
two three thousand people coming across the border per day having the by metric uh
registration is helping to clearly identify how many people
are there and um and to follow
uh those people throughout when the move toward the settlements will um other things yeah
uh going back to the uh technology clout based solutions uh also
suggest that you have peace digital pen a fishery in transfer
management platform uh are important the scope system a mobile
miami which uh has been used more and more
and uh technological um innovations like the plot chain technology
which uh offers exciting possibilities for the fuel was um
for a new developments with respect to a cash i don't uh
i think that we can continue to to large you know
technology in the way we do um humanitarian
and if there's one area way it technology can be used even
more than in others is with respect to uh to cash
the other the other major thing that technology helps is the visa v. better registration
and um we all know that in a lot of situations they are practical difficulties
in in identifying who the pain if we should we should be in identifying
uh people that try to lead to abuse the system of registration
so having technological means of doing the registration is by two
it we have seen a lot of projects that when we have buyer metrics
the number of people that um the number of printed fisheries
has dramatically decreased because you get rid of the
people that time benefit um more than once
these technological advances supply not just in cash they apply regardless of the way
we deliver assistance and help us to ensure pet a more effective assistance
we saw this way clearly in response to the typhoon that hit a less track um
and the philippines the high on a typhoon at the end of
twenty thirteen working closely with national registration and delivery systems
those who needed help received it quickly with cash the
catalyst of the kick start local lactic started local
market the cup uh people back uh into normal taking
over quickly from the initial in kind response
cast is an innovation and it disrupts the present system
it is wraps it because it breaks the link between the living and the rest of the humanitarian work e. forces
court cooperation and coordination between exits and this is much needed
he sees a beneficial as someone with a set of basic needs that need to
be mad and with the right to choose how best to prioritise those me
it does not fragmented people to suit our fragmented silent humanitarian well
we'd have a tendency to see people from our each individual perspective
if we're doing washed and we see people that was part
of the needs of each individual but individual has or movies um
collective needs to get it and i'm working through cash
um helps us to see the whole person and not the
part of the person we are particularly interested in addressing
but innovation equals challenge the interagency standing committee
recognise this when they commission the
world bank to look at options to scale up the use of cash
some of these challenges are operational and technical side just
had to get ready to prepare for cash programs
but the most sensitive areas concern how to ensure a
more comprehensive incoherent response to the tool christ
rest assured that european commission vision is not one way d. a.
um existing humanitarian last kate it's turned on its head
but it is however division where the existing humanitarian lasted
works to its trains and comparative advantage just
let me look at let us look at some examples we have a already seen others land landscape might take shape
for example in turkey emergency social safety net
i. s. s. n. program we where
we of financing um three hundred and forty eight million uh euros um
to address the needs of refugees in in in in turkey is an exceptional program forever i to read
however it shows us how for large scale cash operations we
need to think differently interacting with or at least
mirroring national safety net systems in insisting on greater efficiencies
even in context that we will be in the past have found don't things such as somalia
providing assistance in the form of cash scale has led to better coordination among apartments
greater harmonisation of registration data the transfer value in the delivery mentality
as well as join monitoring an overall improvements in effectiveness and efficiency
if one looks at the penetration of mobile phones in somalia
the of the figures are really impressive uh i think a um a
than the access to mobile phones per capita is probably high that
a lot of the developed world any one also looks at somalia visa v.
how much money some ideas we use has in in its own budget
these are the how much money some money i get from remittances
i think the the budget of some ideas about three hundred to three
hundred and fifty million remittances into somebody is one point four b.
e. so it's four times higher asked delivering uh i'm fine eight
through um mobile phones also enables potentially some of these um
uh people to people transfers to take place because once you have a
system they once you have the technology that you can transfer
funds to an individual uh that individual can receive also phones from
his or her constant theme in in other countries there for bringing
in more potential uh funds that we as humanitarian though
uh i don't also or or implement as could ever imagine to deliver to somalia
in iraq we also we are also seen the type of harmonisation that we witness in somalia
great to use of cash cash as the first line response and links with the national social safety
let me also mention the topic which sometimes felt to be overlooked when we think of cash
this is all more relevant as we engage in the revision of this via standard
i don't care for of course the quality of humanitarian interventions into ensuring their responses not only
provided in a dignified way but that it meets the standards on which we collectively agree
we see no conflict and i hope you know complete between a comprehensive quality response
and a cash response but here again we need to think differently or perhaps
perhaps have a different vision to the one that has driven
our effort until now at perfect wash respond this great
but if the very funny fisheries starving we don't too much complete shout response is also great
but not at this span expensive basic health care to prevent diarrhoea
of colour we're currently seeing a enormous amounts of um
an enormous numbers of people we've struck by colour in various parts
of the world including somali including m. so you cannot um
look at specific aspects of the individual what i was saying before you have to look at all the needs to get
the message in a vision is clear we need to ensure that we are responding to what beneficiaries need
not simply providing a preconceived idea at all what we think people meet
cash helps us to the it's a contribution to the needs of
funny fisheries based on an assessment that covers all meet
and delivered in a way that allows them if we should use to take charge of their lives is we feel
the best way to ensure quality response the one that is truly responsive to meet
this means that we will still need to support uh to support services cash is not going
to be a solution to basic health care services for example not not would it appealed
to it would help to uh put a wash infrastructure in place it's not the way
that uh you can achieve that result but they all have to work closely together
and we need to accompany cash interventions with awareness raising any information
so that any fisheries i helped to make informed decisions
about how to allocate the scarce resources they have
the uh using technology also to have um
to provide cash particularly if it's true mobile and telephones
also allows the possibility to access individuals and get feedback
from the individuals or whether they're receiving the
the uh the cash payments we're talking about and potentially have some
feedback on whether or not uh that is meeting them it
so it allows also the possibility of having better feedback from the
penny fisheries on the quality of the eight we're provide
because all of it has also been fully supportive of the normative work that it's essential
if we had to put in place a solid framework around cash paid assistance
and a lot has been done in this context but a lot still needs to be done
and i know that help has been at the forefront of making sure that these
uh this further analysis and this for the normative were
well i'm normative work on the mat and bolts of cash uh is looked into this is
work in progress and uh we welcome the role that count piece is doing actually um
putting a a further elements on the normative aspects of it
so last but not least i want to turn to the ground bargain and uh
uh this is uh something that we collectively um
signed a year ago in to see how cash fifteen within that context
this forum takes place in a cut in collaboration with the crime barking or which cash has been a central part
perhaps the crime back in could have gone further in support of cash they're still close to bolster
evidence even though cash must be one of the most well studied parts of humanitarian aid
but there are still persist and we have to listen to them they're
still a level of discomfort with cash that needs to be addressed
in my view it's more of a initial
solid communication about cash rather than evidence
but potentially we should consider continuing to provide more evidence as well as communicating debt
in fact a week ago i was actually in this for saying knew
where we were discussing the one year uh of the uh um
um crammed barking and we where we the the call
signatures collectively presented the uh first the uh um
report on what has happened on the ground barking and of course
uh progress on cars is part of that a whole uh agenda
it could itself is committed to a target of thirty five percent of humanitarian
assistance to be delivered in the form of cash by twenty eighteen
we we yeah actually uh applied advanced in the number in the percentage way delivering with
a cash but we still continuing to look at for the possibilities to expand
let me end by coming back to the bottom line a cash based
assistant basically means that more assistant repair reaches directly the beneficiaries
we think that for large scale operations we can move towards a ninety percent efficiency
they that means that for every hundred euros that uh l. of eight
ninety euros i actually uh reaching the beneficiaries in
only ten percent ten you was going into
various uh management another another cost on top of um what we're doing
for all the reasons mentioned above forty committee choice flexibility for the beneficiaries
for the need to have less silent responses for more comprehensive
response for more funds reaching the beneficiary cash makes sense
personally i find it a compelling reason to continue to work with cash
into good idea to have a vision that makes this possible
before i answer i want to to a mention that i'm here with
a colleague of mine who is are we call a um
lead on cash which is matthew case which is um who is the main contact fall

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Conference program

Nigel Timmins, Humanitarian Director, Oxfam International and Chair of CaLP Board
28 June 2017 · 9:09 a.m.
Formal Welcome
Manuel Bessler, Assistant Director General and Head of Humanitarian Aid Department, SDC
28 June 2017 · 9:48 a.m.
Looking to the future : Panel introduction
Christina Bennett, Head of the Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI
28 June 2017 · 9:56 a.m.
Looking to the future: Social Cash Transfer in Response to Ebola in Liberia
Gabriel Fernandez, National Social Protection Coordinator, Liberian Government
28 June 2017 · 9:56 a.m.
Looking to the future : MasterCard perspective
Ian Taylor, Vice President, Business Development, Government & Public Sector, MasterCard
28 June 2017 · 10:12 a.m.
Looking to the future : International Relations perspective
Jennifer Welsh, Professor and Chair in International Relations, European University Institute and Senior Research Fellow, Somerville College, University of Oxford
28 June 2017 · 10:30 a.m.
Q&A - Looking to the future
28 June 2017 · 10:37 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Panel introduction
Ben Parker, Senior Editor, IRIN
28 June 2017 · 11:08 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Sri Lanka experience
Sithamparapillai Amalanathan, Secretary, Ministry of Disaster Management, Sri Lanka
28 June 2017 · 11:10 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Turkish experience
Orhan Hac?mehmet and Jonathan Campbell, Resp: Coordinator Of Kizilaykart Cash Based Assistance Programmes, Turkish Red Crescent - Deputy Country Director, WFP, Turkey
28 June 2017 · 11:21 a.m.
Operational Modalities : Zimbabwe experience
Abel. S. Whande, Team Leader, Cash Transfer Program, Care International in Zimbabwe
28 June 2017 · 11:36 a.m.
Operational Modalities : UNHCR experience
Waheed Lor-Mehdiabadi, Chief of Cash-Based Interventions, UNHCR
28 June 2017 · 11:45 a.m.
Q&A - Operational Modalities
28 June 2017 · 12:01 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : Panel introduction
Christina Bennett, Head of the Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI
28 June 2017 · 1:32 p.m.
Scaling up Cash in East Africa: Nisar Majid
Nisar Majid, Independent Researcher, Consultant and Visiting Fellow, Feinstein International Centre, Tufts University
28 June 2017 · 1:32 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : ADESO perspective
Deqa Saleh, Cash and Social Protection Advisor, ADESO
28 June 2017 · 1:46 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : WFP perspective
Ernesto Gonzalez, Regional Advisor for cash-based programmes, WFP Bureau for Central and Eastern Africa
28 June 2017 · 1:52 p.m.
Scaling Up Cash In East Africa : Relief International perspective
Alex Gray, Global Humanitarian Director for Relief International
28 June 2017 · 1:58 p.m.
Cash Barometer and community perspectives of CTP in Afghanistan
Elias Sagmiester, Programme Manager, Ground Truth Solutions
28 June 2017 · 2:35 p.m.
First long-term trial of a Universal Basic Income, Kenya
Joanna Macrae, Director, European Partnerships, GiveDirectly
28 June 2017 · 2:44 p.m.
Changing from a pipeline to a platform
Paula Gil Baizan, Global Humanitarian Director Cash-Based Programming, World Vision International
28 June 2017 · 2:51 p.m.
Grand Bargain and GHD cash work streams
Emily Henderson, Humanitarian Adviser, DFID
28 June 2017 · 3:02 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Panel introduction
Thabani Maphosa, Vice President for Food Assistance, World Vision International, World Vision US
28 June 2017 · 3:39 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : ECHO vision
Androulla Kaminara, Director, DG ECHO
28 June 2017 · 3:42 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Office of Policy and Resources Planning's vision
Paula Reed Lynch, Director, Office of Policy and Resources Planning, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
28 June 2017 · 3:49 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Norway vision
Ingunn Vatne, Minister Counsellor and Head of the Humanitarian team, Permanent Mission of Norway in Geneva
28 June 2017 · 3:58 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : DFID vision
Patrick Saez, Senior Adviser, Humanitarian Policy and Partnerships, DFID, UK
28 June 2017 · 4:08 p.m.
Donor Perspectives : Centre for Global Development vision
Jeremy Konyndyk, Senior Policy Fellow, Centre for Global Development
28 June 2017 · 4:22 p.m.
Q&A - Donor Perspectives
28 June 2017 · 4:39 p.m.
Closing Remarks
Alex Jacobs, Director, CaLP
28 June 2017 · 5:27 p.m.